The specialists of the Public Council under the chairmanship of government Military-Industrial Commission, Dmitry Rogozin suggested that domestic fund promising research (FPI) ten most promising, in their view, high-risk research programs.
Created as an analogue Pentagon Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) The Fund should promote risky development in the interests of national defense. Prerequisite — a qualitatively new results in the military-technical, technological, social and economic spheres. Budget DRF today — 150 million rubles, but in late January oversees Russia's "defense industry," Deputy Prime Minister Rogozin said that it should be not less than 3 billion rubles.
Artificial liver and intensive care robot
His list of the authors of the report began with a biomedical technology. "The chronic shortage of donor organs available for transplant surgery waiting time, the urgency of the operation after organ removal, exceptional high cost of traditional organ transplantation and problems of donor tissue immunosovmestimosti create the necessary preconditions for the search for alternative, more cost effective and efficient strategies of organ transplantation", — stated in the text document.
In the opinion of experts, the outcome of the first program — the development of technologies save lives in emergency situations where current methods are powerless. The Council invites the Foundation to grow organs and tissues of a person's own cells by "applying a coating on detsellyulyarizovanny cellular protein or a synthetic frame with the use of growth factors for the controlled differentiation of stem cells."
Meanwhile, the first competition in this area has already been announced: in 2013, the Defense Ministry announced its intention to create a "human liver bioengineering" (code development work — "Prometheus").
The Russian Defense Ministry in 2013 foreshadowed another recommendation of the report commissioned by the development of an active ultrasonic cuff to stop the bleeding (code — "Bee"), which itself must find a place to stop bleeding and damage, including from large vessels.
The authors of the report believe that it is necessary to develop a fully robotic system for providing medical care to the battlefield. They believe that such a resuscitation robot could prepare for the evacuation of the wounded, significantly reducing casualties. "In medicine, there is the concept of the" golden hour ": if, during the first hour of the wounded have comprehensive medical care, the survival of 90%. If assistance is provided in two hours, 10% will survive" — reminiscent of professionals.
The expected outcome of the program — the creation of "a robotic device Spiderman" for military field medical teams, or as part of a robotic evacuation of the complex.
Zentner blood and frozen bodies
A separate program DRF, according to the authors of the report, and deserves the production of artificial human blood. "Creating synthetic blood substitutes (such as perftoran), despite the fact that in the short term solve the problem of human survival in the long term is still little-studied side effects" — explains the council. In addition, the blood that is identical to natural, would help "create cell therapy products for a particular person," the experts think about the offer and the creation of a mobile unit to produce about 100 kilograms of red blood cells per day, as well as FISSIONING platelet precursors and genetically engineered drugs.
Another important issue in the public council consider cryopreservation of human organs, "Creating cryopreservation technology could in the very near future to solve the problem of storage of donor organs — through the establishment of a bank of relevant bodies." Now, according to the Council, the shelf life of at 4 degrees above zero does not exceed 24 hours, and the development of cryopreservation could increase the shelf life of up to a year or more.
In this case, the introduction of the results may require changes in the law in the area of transplantation — in particular, to seize and control the handling of donor organs, the report added.
Hypersonic trains and space elevator
Speakers also offer work over the fuel from cellulose (biodiesel) and industrial materials with the latest achievements of Biochemistry and software. The result, as he is seen in public council — the efficient production of construction materials and fuel by synthetic biology and industrial biotechnology, or "living factories" — microorganisms grown using genetic engineering.
Another way to expand the base of energy — batteries on new principles, the expected result — "the creation of a number of vehicles with hybrid power plants, in all major indicators surpassing issued today." According to the speakers, resulting in the foreseeable future there will be batteries with a capacity of megawatts or more, providing electricity to the accumulation of large customers — trains, factories, entire settlements.
Members of the public offer advice FPI to think about how to make a reality of the hypersonic vacuum train — the implementation of such programs and the Maglev train would solve such an important task as ensuring connectivity Russian expanses. "Maglev speeds of up to 600 kilometers per hour, and vacuum train — theoretically up to several thousand kilometers per hour — may be the first time … to equate Russia and European countries the rate of internal displacement: hit from Moscow to Vladivostok by road for two or three hours it may be practical reality, "- promise in the council.
In this report, the authors do not stop and offer to make a hypersonic airliner he will fly to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky for an hour, and to the Pacific coast of the United States — for two.
The most ambitious development in this group can be a space elevator — cable transport system, based on the action of the centrifugal force. "Creating an elevator will allow several orders of magnitude to reduce the cost of delivery of cargo to the geostationary orbit and from there to the earth," — say experts. And it "will make economically viable exploitation of the natural resources of space objects — from the Moon to Mars and asteroids, and will organize on-orbit assembly of heavy spacecraft for long-haul flights within the Solar System." Research work on space elevator, according to the authors of the document is already funding NASA.
"Skynet" in Russian
Council under the Chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission Invites and development of a number of control systems and reconnaissance-strike reconnaissance, missile systems. In the opinion of the speakers, they will be a part of robotic ground vehicles and unmanned aircraft systems, they will liaise with the Unified system of command and control tactical level, and in the future may enter into a single "intelligent network".
One Management System is designed for integrated command and control with the use of navigation systems, and satellite and unmanned surveillance. Armies of the Western countries used a similar system in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq. Russian equivalent, tied for Glonass, created more than a decade.
A separate area within the framework of this project, acc
ording to the report, would be to create component-based framework for neurochips processing systems with a large number of sensors and cameras capable of self-learning and increase computing power. This development is also proposed to bring "Kurchatov Institute", Russian Academy of Sciences and Moscow State University.
Last on the list of proposed projects to the Fund is listed military robotics. This object is split into several components. This, for example, deep-sea robots, autonomous, long active operation — maintenance of cables and study the ocean floor. Complex or high-altitude unmanned reconnaissance and target designation and super long bombardment. Or ground patrol robot on-road car chassis, and an exoskeleton to amplify human muscle power. However, the authors of the report believe that robots are a long reach capabilities ordinary soldier and technology-driven man.