Total revenues of the 200 largest private companies in the country for the year grew by 27.5% and exceeded 10 trillion rubles (Forbes)
The first conclusion. The Russian private business successfully overcome the consequences of the crisis and has made great strides. Total revenue 200 largest private companies in the country for the year grew by 27.5% to more than 10.2 trillion rubles. This is an absolute record for the eight years that Forbes is this rating.
The second conclusion. Private business is very much indebted to the state, namely, an ambitious state projects in the Far East and in the Olympic Sochi, construction of roads and laying of pipelines. State Budget and orders state companies today — the main engine of privateConomy.
This is especially seen in the construction business, where a few notable premieres. The group of companies "IC" bridge "broke into the rating, built for the APEC summit cable-stayed bridge on the Russian island in Vladivostok. "Pacific Bridge-Building Company" handed over to the beginning of the summit two bridges and highways. Absolute ranking leader, a little-known "Second Krasnodar SMU," whose revenue for the year soared by 800% at once, won contracts "Transneft" and "Rosneft". The company "Velesstroy" pipeline Eastern Siberia — Pacific Ocean and the Baltic Pipeline System (the year of its revenues increased by 200%, to 42 billion rubles). Another builder of gas and oil pipelines, the company "Welding and Assembly Trust" has mastered during the year by 169% more funds than the previous year (27.7 billion rubles).
for the year 12 of the country's largest auto dealers increased revenue by an average of 41%. Champion among them — "Transtechservis" from Naberezhnye Chelny (plus 73.6% of revenue for the year). A company "Autotor" occupied by the assembly of foreign cars in the Kaliningrad region, revenues increased over the year by 50% to 127.1 billion rubles.
Russia is again actively uses: growing revenue from retailers, wholesalers and, surprisingly, in farm holdings. Experts attribute the growth of good agricultural harvest in 2011, high prices for agricultural products and hundreds of billions of rubles, which the state invests in domestic agricultural production. And who in the tail? Among the companies with the lowest dynamic (from negative to 10%) are dominated by engineering and transport. According to Rosstat, manufacturing activity in 2011, although the level reached in 2008, but had a volume of investment is 15% less, and transport companies are still not reached pre-crisis levels.
Important people. Who are the sharks of the private economy? One-third of revenue 200 largest private companies accounted for the top twenty — of the richest people in the country Alisher Usmanov, Arkady Rotenberg, Viktor Vekselberg and Oleg Deripaska, Ziyad Manasira, Andrei Melnichenko and other defendants in the "Golden Hundred» Forbes. It is important that the concentration of capital is not reduced and growing — since 2008 the share of the top twenty in total revenue of the top 200 companies rose from 32.9% to 34%. Thus, the "closed" economy is monopolized — if not the individual enterprises, the people.
Strategic reserve. Can a private business to grow on their own or it is doomed to dependence on the state? Reserve for growth exists, and a considerable one. This increase in productivity. We used the data Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), according to which labor productivity in the Russian economy in 2011 was almost three times lower than in the U.S.. Together with the Consulting Center "Step" we compared the TP-index (the ratio of turnover of the company to the number of employees), Russian and American private companies. It turned out that in the context of Americans, for example, the index of the largest auto dealer "Rolf" looks very pale. One employee of Gulf States Toyota adds to the revenue of more than $ 2.5 million advanced representatives of the Russian car (international reporting, foreign top managers, etc.) was weaker than the Americans in efficiency of 3.5 times.
Even worse with efficiency in energy companies. At CES, for example, one employee has $ 175,550 of annual revenue, and in the U.S. Energy Future Holdings — $ 895,650. Russian companies can increase performance, but by investing in new technology and advanced equipment, many are already doing it (in 2011, investment in the energy sector by one third higher than the 2008 level), but the result is, of course, will be seen at once. Inferior to American companies and representatives of the Russian agricultural and food industry — their TP-index is several times lower than that of Americans (per employee of U.S. companies account for between $ 500,000 and $ 1,270,000 of revenue, Russian — from $ 70,000 to $ 170,000).
Construction company behind the Americans twice, which is not so bad. But Russia's largest wholesalers — "Metropolis" and "SNA" — even ahead of the U.S. company's contribution per employee in annual revenue. Worthy of comparison with the U.S. and Russian retail looks. TP-index networks "Supermarket Kirov", for example, is $ 130,570, only $ 39,800 less than that of Publix Super Markets.
Here are the top 200 companies ever: