Among the significant issues that have set the latest discoveries of modern science and the study of ancient myths, there is a mysterious civilization that developed about 10,000 years ago in Antarctica. How is a hypothesis about the "Antarctic civilization"?
In 1929, the Turkish archaeologist Chi-lil Eden found in the library of the former imperial palace pushing (now a museum), half a world map, drawn Piri Reis in 1513. Discussion of this card only began in 1957, when one of the experts involved in this issue — American Arlington H. Mallory — said that in the southern part of the Piri Reis map shows the contours of the Antarctic, its incredible accuracy.
This finding was confirmed by studies and other professionals. "Legend", is surrounded by a map of Piri Reis, began to grow. As the map shows mountains, now hidden under the thousand-year ice, it was easy to conclude that the Piri Reis map used, the prototype of which was created 10,000 years ago in Antarctica, a highly advanced civilization, but disappeared for unknown reasons, probably due with climate cooling. As soon as this hypothesis has been formulated as a violent attack suffered by some geographers, requiring "separate reality from fiction."
However, this was not the end. The American scientist Charles H. Hapgood created an interesting hypothesis. He found that the projection system, based on spherical trigonometry, sheds new light on Greek antiquity. The map shows the island of Marajó and Faolklend open later, the Atrato River in the Yucatan, unknown at that time, and the Andes Mountains, while not investigated. As for Antarctica, it outlines correspond to the "profile" sublednikovoy era defined by using the latest technology.
By studying other ancient maps, Hapgood made a startling discovery. Thus, the map Orontes Finney, established in 1531, is a very accurate image of Antarctica, where there are not only the mountains, but also rivers, whose deposits were formed in a temperate climate, and their age is estimated six thousand years. On another map drawn by Andrea Benincasa, clearly shows the glaciers in Scandinavia, the limits within which they existed about 14,000 years ago (according to modern geography). Due to the glaciers is interesting to recall that the old maps, for example, the map of Ptolemy of Alexandria, are glaciers in Scandinavia and Germany. Who in antiquity or the Middle Ages have heard or said anything about the ice age?
How to solve this riddle? Why is it that the outlines of Antarctic transferred with such precision, and Europe is covered by ice? It is logical to conclude that it was a civilization that grew 10,000 years ago in Antarctica and then somehow disappeared. Professor Hapgood put forward the theory that "the entire surface of the Earth is moving uniformly relative to the core in the direction of the northern European and American hemisphere."
Civilization, which we conventionally call "Antarctica", has achieved a high degree of development in the field of mathematics, astronomy and geography. When she was gone, her knowledge passed to those people that we think of ancient, this transition to be made either in the form of scientific truths, allegedly spontaneously open these nations, or in the form of a so-called parallel myths.
The mythology of the peoples, separated by great distances, parallel myths (the epic of Gilgamesh, the biblical story of Noah) and the results of scientific research in the field of climatology, hydrography, and archeology — all this speaks in favor of the hypothesis about the flood.
Parallel Myths Quiche Indians and tribes of Mexico and Venezuela, the ancient Persians (in the Zend-Avesta), the ancient Indians (Riga-Veda), and Egyptians (mentioned by Herodotus) argue that the flood was accompanied by a formidable and other phenomena, especially the sudden change of climate. Some myths say that "the sun, the moon and the stars ascended once a year, and the year seemed like one day." As we know, nowhere in the world except the polar regions of the Sun and Moon do not go back only once a year.
Before the crash, the memory of which has come down to us in the form of myths, the climate was warm. Then there was cooling. Where the land yielded two harvests a year, began the harsh winters. Such a drastic and unexpected change in climate can be explained by the displacement of Earth's axis.
When did all this happen? These hard sciences say that the phenomenon that we call "the flood" was lengthy. Freshwater algae and volcanic formations found on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, have an age of about 13,000 years. Niagara was "born" is also 13,000 years ago, around the same era sacred lake Titicaca and the port Tiahuaiaku climbed to a height of 4,000 meters. All these strange facts are obviously related to the actual movements of the earth's crust, and probably accompanied by volcanic eruptions.
Further information can be obtained from various parts of calendars light. Calculations show that they begin their calculus from some extremely important event, which began in 11,652 BC and ended the year at 11,542, that is, which lasted 110 years, all the explanation that can be given to this fact, remain in the field of hypotheses. Here is one that seems to be the most acceptable.
Important "event" in question, and we believe the flood, prepare for a long time. For many hundreds or even thousands of years, the Earth approaching the final catastrophe. "Introduction" to it were volcanic eruptions, geology which attributes the age of about 13,000 years, then began a period of rain and more heavy snowfall; orgy of blind forces of nature led finally to the end of this chain of disasters — a shift of Earth's axis with all the ensuing consequences.
We note, incidentally, that the parallel myths also speak to the sudden change in climate and the emergence of polar conditions. They clearly indicate that before the disaster, people lived in a region with a warm climate, which then turned into a cold. And the only part of the world where the climate was warm at first, and then became the polar — is Antarctica.
Research by Dr. Yuri show that fluvial deposits were formed in the Antarctic during the 6000 years in a temperate climate. So chill progressive. When the cold became unbearable for the public, accustomed to the heat, "Antarctica" left their country. This seems all the more possible that "some Indian tribes have been preserved turned into a legend remembrance of forced wanderings through the ice fields" frozen oceans. "
You can not even assume that the "Antarctic" was known about the evolution of glaciers in the north, that is, in Europe and America, where by this time the warm waters of the Gulf Stream put an end to the ice age and where they began clearing vast areas suitable for life and continue (albeit at a low) Antarctic millennial civilization. Those who survived the disaster, took with him to save all the achievements of his science. They passed on their knowledge of the surrounding tribes, who considered them supernatural beings and to attribute to them a divine origin. "Antarctica" fully assimilated with the surrounding primitive tribes …
Why was an accident? It is hard to imagine that the earth's axis shifted its position suddenly. The theory of the American professor is more plausible. From it follows logically that shift the earth's surface to the south led to the same consequences as the displacement of the Earth's axis: areas with warm climates close to the pole and colder, and the northern region shifted to the equator and warmer. In large tectonic movements are not excluded and changing tilt of the earth. what was happening too slowly, but in the end, this axis has found a new position.
Cooling of the climate led to the snow, first to the former "Antarctica" the wonder, no longer to melt and become "eternal", forcing the inhabitants of this country go from there. It is difficult to draw at least an approximate picture of the tragedy. After all, the very existence of these mysterious "Antarctica" is hypothetical, and we do not know anything about their organization and way of life, etc.
The final word in the disclosure of this great mystery belongs to archaeological research. Along with archeology can have their say, and many other sciences to help us in the reconstruction of the first steps taken by humanity in its development.
Translation Zenaida Bobyrev
See also: Ancient civilization of Antarctica, discovery of Antarctica.