BRICs military modernization and the new world military balance (The Faster Times, USA)

BRIC's military modernization and the new world military balance ("The Faster Times", USA)In recent years, foreign policy luminaries promoted the idea lies in the fact that the days of America's dominance came to an end, and now emerging new world order in which power is no longer concentrated in the hands of Washington, but is distributed in the middle of a number of different countries. They noted that the United States and in the next will occupy a prominent position in the top of the global food chain, but a sense of global hegemony of America lost. Instead of its legitimate place among the majestic powers will take the young country — Brazil, our homeland, India and China (the so-called BRIC countries) — step-by-step will lead to the formation of a new multi-polar world.

Maybe it is not enough that the mean European supporters of a multipolar world, when they played for the dispersal of global power soon after America invaded Iraq in 2003. However, despite the availability of modern weapons, two million, in totality, the army and the general economic well-being, Europe is under the influence of a number of debilitating causes. Not the least of them is the lack of a unified army, the prospect of which now seems to be not closer than in 1998, when Jacques Chirac and Tony Blair arrived in Saint-Malo to the agreement paves the way for a common European defense system. BRIC countries are inherent three things in common — each of them is very great as from the standpoint of the area, and from the standpoint of the population, the economy of each country develops, and any of them conducts military modernization aimed at preserving their strategic interests. While the most powerful countries in Europe reduce defense spending, and military U.S. budget is unlikely to increase in the coming years, these four countries are seeking to assert itself on the world stage and are willing and able to invest in improving their own military might.

Brazil's economy continues to grow, despite a small crash during the global economic crisis in 2009, it is expected that this year's growth of 7.5 percent. With the growth of the Brazilian economy, government bureaucrats are becoming increasingly aware that large-scale military modernization is very useful if Brazil is going to somehow reinforce their claim to hydrocarbon deposits that lie outside its classic offshore boundaries and get unchanging place in the UN Security Council. Fitting the leading role of American power — both in the diplomatic sphere, and with the help myagenkoy display of military strength — can make a huge difference to the merits of Brasilia these goals.

Since 2005, the Brazilian defense budget every year grew by 5 percent, and in 2008 the government approved the latest national defense policy, the army re-allocating 70 billion dollars. In the middle of the latest technology should be 50 medium helicopters Eurocopter EC 725 Cougar, unmanned aircraft, anti-tank weapons and a new family of armored vehicles from IVECO, which has been called Urutu III.

There are in Brazil and a long maritime expansion plans, which cause a lot of enthusiasm among the French and British defense industry companies. French Brazil sell four types of conventional submarines Scorpene, while the British are seeking access to one of the fastest growing markets in the world war, signing a contract for the purchase of Brasilia Type-26 frigates from BAE Systems, which in the design stage. Projected favorite choice in the multi-billion dollar tender for the purchase of jet fighters of the last generation F-X2 program there will open the Brazilian Air Force purchasing and more than 36 modern combat aircraft — most likely the choice will fall on the French Dassault Rafale.

Certainly, all these improvements, cost a pretty penny. On this basis, Brazil and building plans, putting the yearly increase shred of defense spending in the budget — from the current 1.5 percent of GDP to 2.2 percent by 2030.

Our homeland is — a slightly different case. In contrast to the cost of developing an American country, our homeland was used to as a global power and waiting for such specific properties. And if Brazil is engaged in military modernization, as searches for recognition in the elite circles of the world, the birthplace of Our seeks only to maintain and improve its defense capabilities, once enabled it to stand on a par with the United States as one of the of strongest military powers.

The collapse of the former Russian Empire gave the Russian Federation the opportunity to move to a market economy. But the collapse also left on the soul of the Russian Federation unhealed wounds caused by the loss of a sense of prestige, which she had as a 2-global superpowers. Russian favorites Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev have sought to correct this, re-stating that the country maintains a presence in the post-Soviet space and using its energy resources to get exposure in remote regions.

In recent years, Russian military aircraft more than once penetrated into the air space of NATO members during the exercise, but specifically military incursion into Georgia in Moscow in August 2008 was a signal that our homeland willingly go to the use of brute force to maintain its position in the post-Soviet near abroad.

Although during this short war Russian Goliath and crushed the Georgian David on display was set as the mass defects of the Russian army with respect to training, equipment, intelligence, logistics and coordination on the battlefield in real time.

In the end, it turned out that the way the Russian military have shown themselves in Georgia, the Kremlin has pushed for adoption in October 2008, the decision to launch a comprehensive reform of the military for 12 years. Reform and modernization plan outlined by Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, aims to transform clunky Russian army, base on the principle of mass mobilization in the least a large army with a superior combat readiness, better adapted to support the strategic goals of the Kremlin and able to simultaneously respond to incidents along the periphery of the country.

Under the new plan increased attention has been paid to getting rid of obsolete military equipment left as an inheritance Russian times and acquisition of modern military equipment. In all this is clearly visible in readiness Russian control arms and foreign procurement, namely the possibility that one may become providers USA. Moscow has been in talks with France on the purchase of amphibious assault ships, helicopter carriers of the "Mistral" and still hopes to sign with Israel $ 300 million agreement to launch a joint venture for the production of unmanned aerial vehicles in Russia.

It is estimated that only 10 percent of Russian military equipment meets modern standards. The new defense plan aims to correct this situation and anticipates increasing the number of vehicles of the last generation to 30 percent by 2015, and to 70 percent by 2020. All this, together with the need to hire a service in the army of highly modern soldiers and officers, will cost a lot of money. From 2011 to 2020 year The Kremlin plans to increment the budget by 46 percent — from 13 to 19 trillion rubles (620 billion dollars).

Regardless of whether the sample will be crowned with success if the Russian government to convert the armed forces and revive the Russian defense industry, once the seething life, with a large investment, learn from foreign technology and the creation of the Russian analogue of the Agency for
promising defense research development dollars (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), can hardly be any doubt about the course and the level of ambition of Moscow. This plan shows that the Kremlin is not very interested in the RF to take their positions in the world and instead of think about how to continue the struggle for influence in the criteria of the emerging multi-polar world order.

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