So, last Thursday, January 31, 2013 held a concise working visit to the Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban in Moscow. In the Kremlin during the second half of the day or were his talks with the President of Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. In this process, the parties discussed the prospects for Russian-Hungarian cooperation in trade, economic, energy, monetary, cultural and humanitarian spheres. "Orban expects reversed Russian" headlined the leading Hungarian publication Nepszabadsag its publication dedicated to this event. Hungarians with gratification stated that the last visit of the Hungarian Prime Minister to Moscow is not marked with any claim by Putin to the Hungarian prime minister for what happened before, and due to the fault of the latter in the Hungarian-Russian relations. Hungarian commentators highlighted the fact that he himself is not marked Orban in Moscow any rhetoric that might not like the look Russian. Moreover, according to HVG in tune with the views of the 1st Hungarian blogger, during a visit to Moscow Orban acted with President Russian Federation, as a gentle cat with the owner.
Yet, our homeland does not refer Hungary to its strategic partners and Hungarian experts recognize that fact. Moreover, certain episodes of mutual relations in the 2008-2011 year showed their conflict. For preparation of the visit to Moscow Orban has remained virtually unnoticed by the media in Russia. As for the Hungarian, here in opposition media reigned some uncertainty about the prospects of Orban's visit to Russia. Anxiety in expectations was directly related to the previous visit of the Hungarian premiere in Moscow November 30, 2010, marking the inconclusive talks with Putin. The subject of the negotiations then began conflicting themes of Russian investments in Hungary: the case of "Surgut" and Mol, also airline Malev. Second visit to Russia in the middle of Orban today outside his term was measured by a friendly and business wave.
Hungary is the principal, but not a priority partner of, as evidenced by the performance of first meeting of President Putin. Very typical of what Russian President in his speech referred to the number of old statistics: the level of mutual trade turnover of Russia and Hungary — $ 11 billion. for 2011 year. Vladimir Putin, namely said, estimating mutual finansovlozheniya: "The level of investment of approximately equal: three billion of accumulated investments in the Russian economy of your country and about 2-billion Hungarian investments in Russia." In fact, the Russian president was wrong. Notwithstanding that the numbers were correct at June 2011, when both parties shall be counted package "Surgut" in Mol at the expense of Russian investments. As of October 2012, in fact, the amount of accumulated Hungarian investments into the Russian economy is worth about $ 1 billion., And Russian investments in Hungary — about $ 1.5 billion. The pipeline "South Stream" in recent increment in the volume of Russian investments in Hungary by about € 610 million In this case the total amount of accumulated zabugornyh direct investment in Hungary headed for the middle of 2012 in the amount of more than 70 billion. euro. To compare the amount of German investments only in the economy Hungary in the last three years of the rule of Viktor Orban of 2010-2012 was almost € 5 billion., this in Hungary was built 18 new companies. Against this background the Russian one and a half billion look pretty timid. But with the available volumes Russian investments in Hungary, they are of strategic importance for the country, as an important part of self-serve energy, which provides enhanced capabilities for industrial activity, in other words, Russian investments make golf verbovaniya new foreign investment in other areas Hungarian economy, first, in the manufacturing industry.
In the center of Orban's visit to Moscow were difficult economic cooperation 2-states, as evidenced by the very composition of the government delegations. Delegations to the talks with the Hungarian side — Economy Minister Gyorgy Matolcsy, Minister of State Development Zsuzsanna Nemeth Laslone, Minister without backpack for talks with IMF Mihai Varga, CEO of the holding "Hungarian electrical company" (MVM) Csaba Bailly, the Russian side — Minister of Agriculture Economy Nikolai Fyodorov, general director of the State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko, the chairman of the state corporation "Vnesheconombank" Vladimir Dmitriev, Chairman of the Board of JSC "Gazprom" Alexey Miller. The exact composition of the delegations demonstrates that the focus of the talks were two large vkladyvatelnyh project — a Russian gas pipeline "South Stream" and the Hungarian nuclear power plant in Paks. For all this, as litsezreem, and Russian, and Hungarian parties are interested not only in the practical implementation of the aforesaid expensive projects, and in their financial decision. For this and invited to negotiate director "Vnesheconombank". Dangers long time financing is so expensive facility as nuclear power plant in the criteria of the global economic crisis is very significant. Certain difficulties, but of another kind, and looked through the project "South Stream", the construction of which was started near Anapa December 7, 2012.
Project pipeline "South Stream" with a capacity of about 30 billion. cubic meters of natural gas a year, also on the ground for the construction of underground gas storage capacity in Hungary over 1 billion. cubic meters is already underway in this country. The length of the Hungarian section of the "South Stream" will be 229 km. August 1, 2012 the Government of Russian Federation issued a decree "On the conclusion of the amending agreement configurations in an agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Hungary on cooperation in the development pipeline for the transit of natural gas through the countryside of Hungary on 28 February 2008." In August and November 2012 from the Hungarian side role in the project pipeline "South Stream" was entirely concentrated in the competence of the Hungarian municipal power holding MVM. In Budapest, October 10, 2012 meeting was accomplished chairman of "Gazprom" Alexey Miller met with Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, whose open a discus
sion on the supply of energy resources to Europe, including the burning questions of building the "South Stream". In November 2012, "Gazprom" has made a final investment decision on the Hungarian section of the pipeline than was cleared of all doubt the Hungarian side. Back in March 2011 Our homeland Orban warned the Hungarian government, which in the case of a hostile policy of Hungary, the gas pipeline "South Stream" can go around Hungary through Serbia and Croatia. The main problem of the "South Stream" is so-called. 3rd EU Energy Package, which prohibits providers of electricity and natural gas to act immediately betrothed energoelementov owners and their main lines of transportation, also demanding free access to the highways of all market participants. Because of this, "Gazprom" has decided not to pull a branch of its own pipeline through Hungary to Austria. "South Stream" in today's draft will go through Hungary to Italy. Increasing energy security and decrease dependence on Russia by diversifying supply remains a strategic objective of energy policy in Hungary Orbán. Despite the fact that the Nabucco project in its scale and throughput capabilities decreased, Hungary continued role in it. At the moment, Mol Hungarian energy company focused on the European Nabucco, while MVM — on Russian "South Stream".
But the most important issue held talks in Moscow was the role of "Rosatom" in the tender for the construction of new generating units of the Hungarian nuclear power plant in Paks. Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, not counting conversations with Putin on the subject, had yet another meeting with the head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko.
The database solutions Hungarian Government on the development of state of nuclear energy are the best judgment of the maintenance of long-term energy independence, providing a measured by the ability of the state of the economy more than a cheap electricity and improving the environmental performance of the whole energy system in accordance with the requirements of the European Union. At the current time, the energy balance of Hungary Hungarian Paks Nuclear Power Plant provides 43% of electricity generation. It is planned that in the event of the introduction of 2-additional nuclear power reactors by 2030, will take 60% of the balance of electricity production in Hungary. Despite the mood in Europe after Fukushima, the Hungarian government, following the Czech example, has made a particular choice in favor of the upcoming growth in the energy mix and a bit of the production of nuclear energy. It is planned that the expansion of the Paks Nuclear Power Plant will be carried out by the installation of 2-new power capacity of 1,200 MW each. These units must be built and put into operation by 2030. It is expected that the construction of the first unit will begin in 2014-2015, commissioning — 2023, the second unit is planned to put into operation in 2030. Start of the project, so Makarov, planned construction of the first unit. In an unfavorable situation Hungarians may abandon the construction of the second. The cost of application is currently bidding at $ 10 billion. As for the now existing units of the Paks NPP built 1983-1987 years, after 2030, they are scheduled to be taken out of service. In February 2012, as part of a long applets to extend the service life of nuclear power plant in Paks to a new twenty-year period Russian concern "Rosatom" with MVM signed a protocol on the extension of the agreement on cooperation in the modernization of the existing four units (reactors VVER-440/213 — two of 500 MW and two 470 MW) on the new 3-year period. For the modernization of the existing Hungarian Paks NPP government in 2012 allocated about € 1,1 billion dollars.
As for specific solutions for the construction of new units of the Hungarian Paks nuclear power plant, it is at the moment obviously late. The Hungarian government is delaying the decision, including, and because of the judgments of their own alliance with the U.S. and the EU. In 2011, it was expected that the tender will be announced in the first half of 2012. But only 18 June 2012 the Hungarian government adopted measures to implement the programm decision on the construction of power units at the Paks NPP. On the basis of the municipal energy company MVM for the realization of the project was created Limited Liability Company MVM Paks II Zrt. Hungarians have once again confirmed the list then power units that will participate in the competition. Just meant to use the 5 projects at Paks — is: South American Westinghouse AP 1000; French EPR of Areva (one block being built at the moment in Finland and France); Atmea, developed by France's Areva, together with the Japanese Mitsubishi, VVER-1000 Russian "Rosatom" , South Korea's Korea Electric Power Corporation. According to the official disk imaging, time announcement of the tender is scheduled for the first half of 2013.
In addition, the other pillar of the Hungarian energy strategy will be the construction of new power generation facilities fueled by natural gas. Currently 17.99% of electricity generated at the plant have Matra and Dunamenti, the share of the station Csepel is 5.16%. The Hungarian network of power plants is outdated: the average duration of the power plant exceeds 23. The next day after a visit to Moscow Orban announced the acquisition of the Hungarian government of the German energy company E.ON gas storage and Hungarian units to wholesale gas and electricity to the company. In the Hungarian media refer to the cost of the transaction — the amount of € 875 million acquisition of E.ON recorded on the balance sheet of the Hungarian state power company MVM. On the one hand, the acquisition of the Hungarian government is associated with the project "South Stream", and on the other, with plans for the reconstruction of the Hungarian non-nuclear power industry. Agreement with E.ON — an important partner of "Gazprom" in Europe, was signed at this moment, when Orban and director of MVM were in Moscow. The acquisition of E.ON Hungary Hungarian means and what is now the Hungarian government will have direct business with "Gazprom", which is especially important in the preparation of a new long-term contract for the supply of natural gas to Hungary from Russia. Period the previous contract ends in 2015. At the moment, while the Hungarians only observe the state of and trends in the gas market and take the time with the signing of a new long-term contract with "Gazprom".
Vorachivayas to tender for nuclear power plant in Paks, we note that the main problem of the Hungarian government in the implementation of a costly project at Paks is to find the means for its implementation. There is a hectic search for a specific monetary schemes and project profitable for Hungary. At the present moment Hungary is the third country in the world in the relative size of the property outside of debt. Paks tender means future growth of state debt of Hungary, which is already hovers around 78-82% of GDP. At the moment, "Rosatom" in the Hungarian case, trying to repeat the Czech circuit when promises 30% of Hungarian companies role in the construction of new reactors at Paks. But for the project expansion Paks Hungarian side expects to the same preferential credits from Russia. Our homeland, in turn, needs the guarantee, which could provide a powerful multinational bank. In the unlikely event Russia could arrange any collateral material from Hungary. In the Hungarian media reported that "Rosatom" will be offered a fraction of belonging Paks, ie stake MVM. That is, MVM can be partly privatized. Possession of "Rosatom" MVM shares may be temporary until maturity Hungarian side prices of all work on the construction of new units. Another solution would be, for example, the construction of nuclear power plants in Turkey, the s
igning of long-term contract with the Russian side on the Hungarians purchases of electricity generated by nuclear power plants. This means that in the Russian property could withdraw a product manufactured by the new NPP units.
In Moscow last Friday, Orban said: "We want to support the activity of the Russian Federation vkladyvatelnuyu in Hungary. We especially want to maintain the highest level of our power dialogue. We expect that our homeland will have a tangible support to the development of our energy system, including including world-class technology. In addition, we look forward to the fact that Hungary is ready to export products to Russia in accordance with its growing needs. And we are pleased to note that our homeland is also encouraging the growth of Hungarian exporters activity. We will try to increment the appropriate amounts. "A similar statement means that Hungary will support the Russian energy projects in exchange for access of products of Hungarian industry and agriculture on the Russian market. So winning the tender for the future Pakshu arises" Rosatom "promised in the event of exceptionally exciting for Hungarians solving problems of financing the project and the opening of Russia's own market to expand exports of Hungarian technology and production in industry and agriculture.
Under the criteria of the heavy stagnation of the Hungarian economy the only way to development and demand, GDP growth is the growth of exports. Here in Hungary, at first, stare at the Tipo "endless" demand of the Russian Federation on agricultural products. In 2011, exports of Hungarian food in Russia headed for the volume of $ 265 million, an increase of 16% compared to the previous year. First seven months of 2012 also showed the forthcoming Hungarian food export growth to Russia by 6%. Together with the fact we can not agree with the fact that the Hungarians in the sector's own export supply in Russia, in most cases inexpensive but good-quality products. Meanwhile, the Russian side is interested in Hungarian investments in Russia in this case the Hungarian office (Putin referred to the example of the Hungarian drug company) in Russia are building their manufacturing plants.
The negotiators in Moscow noted cultural and humanitarian cooperation as a basis for mutually beneficial cooperation in general. Hungarian Prime Minister Orban said: "Respect and recognition that we have for the Russian Federation — is the first homage to the culture. And this is the highest evaluation of the Russian cultural heritage provides a good basis for the development of our economic relations." Vladimir Putin about this, in turn, gave the subsequent: "Very good deeds we develop in the humanitarian sphere. Litsezreem We, that is supported by the enthusiasm of Hungary to the Russian language, lasts exchange students. During the past year in Budapest in Central Park is one of the avenues was named the naming of Leo Tolstoy. we, of course, saw it's very nice. We wish you and the authorities in Budapest to thank for it. " In this context, revealing all the rhetoric was generally Orban in Moscow, which sent the Hungarian media attention. Namely, Orban in his opening speech to the negotiations told Putin: "We believe that our homeland — it's majestic power. We believe that it is not only the majestic past, and the future of the majestic … At the moment I arrived for to you in order to discuss how we live in the aftermath of the crisis. course, after the financial and economic crisis will end, our homeland in this plan will receive a special role. " "We, Hungarians, do not feel hesitation about how important partner for us such as our homeland. We are well aware that such a weight of and its value. But respect and recognition that we have for RF, at first, not because of the size of, but first out of respect for her culture. And this is the highest evaluation of the Russian cultural heritage provides a good basis for the development of our economic relations. "
But the Hungarians could not be Hungarians, and Orban — Orban, if they are not reminded Russian authorities a day visit, the Hungarian prime minister to Moscow his habit of keeping a fig in the pocket when speaking to Russian. Determining municipal information policy Hungarian news agency MTI specifically situated January 31, 2013 in his news feed three photos Szell Kalman Square in Budapest, reminding us that the controversial episode of renaming the spring of 2011 by the decision of the authorities of the Budapest area, which bore the title previously Square in Moscow. In the Kremlin during recent talks with Orban pretended to have forgotten symbolic acts of aggression in the address of the Russian Federation during his reign.