Generally accepted date of birth is considered the Internal Troops March 27, 1811, when the decree of Emperor Alexander and military battalions were formed, which were responsible for "guarding the peace and tranquility in the country," reports ITAR-TASS.
Internal security has helped authorities in the implementation of laws and judgments of the courts, catching thieves, criminals, and accompanied by the treasury, also was involved in the protection of the order at fairs, auctions, folk and religious festivals.
In May 1886 during the military reforms of Alexander III military guard was transformed into a convoy. After the revolution in 1918, it reorganized the order of the NKVD, and a year later it was decided to merge all the troops support the mission and development of the internal forces of the Republic.
Then Internal forces not once re-aligned, but their tasks remained the same — protecting the internal security of the country.
During the Russian war stateliness and units Internal troops fought the enemy in the border areas, defended Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa, Stalingrad and defended North Caucasus.
During the war, took part in the battles of 53 divisions and 20 brigades of troops of the NKVD. 18 military units were awarded orders or awarded titles of nobility. In the fight with the enemy gave life of 97.7 thousand soldiers troops.
For courage and heroism in battle for their country, more than 100 thousand soldiers and officers were awarded municipal awards, 295 became Heroes of the Russian Union.
After the war, the Internal troops assigned to guard the additional research institutions, enterprises of the nuclear industry and rocket.
Troops protect the population from natural and man-made disasters, participated in the liquidation of the consequences of accidents at the plant "Mayak" in 1957, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986, among the first to have been transferred to the ruined Armenian Spitak earthquake.
In Nagorno-Karabakh, Ferghana, North Ossetia and Ingushetia, in other "hot spots" they strongly suppress the collision of opposing sides, guarding the refugees.
Interior Ministry troops in 1994 extensively restored constitutional order on the southern borders of the country, and since 1999, involved in counterterrorism operations in the North Caucasus.
Domestic troops in collaboration with other security agencies in the last year spent more than 1,8 thousand special operations. Since the beginning of 2011 in the North Caucasus with their participation was destroyed about 200 participants gangs.
In anticipation prazdnichka Interior Ministry troops congratulated Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.
"You have chosen not the very ordinariness of the profession — to cherish peace, the lives of our people. This service is not for those who hide behind others, and for those who are willing to risk their lives, ready to defend the interests of their own country," — said the head of the country's awarding state awards.
He stressed that now "Internal forces ensure the territorial integrity of our country, and in cooperation with other law enforcement agencies provide for the protection of public order, internationalist confront terrorism. "
On the eve of the 200th anniversary of Internal troops Krasnokazarmennaya in Moscow on the street, which houses its headquarters, was opened after reconstruction Central Museum of the Internal Troops.