History of Russian propaganda is very exciting and instructive. The purpose of this essay — the show features art of war propaganda Russian Empire. It seemed that the time separating modern Russian Federation of Russian Empire is very large. But in the art of propaganda we can behold all the same political motives — Security policy of the country, commercial factor, playing the patriotic emotions and not just hatred of the enemy, spiced easy populism. All this is in modern propaganda.
First poster — it's a nice example of what I call the "double propaganda. "(The unknown painter. Hero. Snow-white general. Cigarette factory Kolobov and Bobrov. 1890). Primary motive that attracts your attention is, you see, the military-patriotic theme — a dashing general of a stallion. But when your attention is drawn to the "first layer" of propaganda — the familiar and exciting, in your mind, willy-nilly, and remains "second layer" of propaganda — commercial. With all of this begs the stereotype — "want to be" in a Hero "- buy cigarettes." Note that the content of the cigarette shown little italics. Does not that familiar? All have long been thought up. SG Kara-Murza refers to this manipulative technique — "grab and joining the audience." Judge for yourself …
Heroic motifs I open this propaganda posters of the Russian-Japanese war. Pay attention that the imperial administration in the criteria for the absence of real political strategists had already understood the importance of bringing the form of disk imaging to the public and beckoned for this recognizable Russian painters. Look at the title … Then the imperial government was willing to show, it war concerned not only his, and other parts of society, a forum in which this case was fair.
IY Bilibin Historical exhibition of art in favor of the wounded … 1904.
Empire tried to show his compassion for social consequences of military conflict, in order that they may not have generated political consequences.
The unknown painter. In the families of enlisted men died on the destroyer "Streguschy" … 1904.
The propaganda theme of the First World War, also hit the most diverse feelings of Russians.
Of pity for the victims of the war …
AE Arkhipov At the forefront is only Reddish Cross. 1914.
Vinogradov SA To help the victims of war, the 22nd-23rd of October. 1914.
Prior to the patriotic emotions …
Zarrin RG Buy War 5 1/2% loan. Patriotic and profitable! 1916.
Imperial propaganda into account not only the grief to his compatriots, and subsequent to her hate the enemy.
Vinogradov SA Moscow Russian warriors captured on October 31-November 1, 1915.
The unknown painter. Our homeland — for the truth. 1914.
The then propaganda art community demonstrated confidence in the victory of the country, along with its allies in arms. Therefore painter in this case portrayed the Entente. Our homeland in the cap of Monomakh is holding an Orthodox cross — a political sign that can be overcome only with the autocracy and orthodoxy. With her curiously coexist republican France signs shown in the "Phrygian cap" — the sign of the French Revolution and Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius, she holds a heart — a sign of the Entente — entente cordiale. United Kingdom displayed in the helmet of ancient Greek goddess of war and wisdom, Athena and keeps the anchor — sign maritime sovereignty.
The unknown painter. Consent. France, our homeland, UK. 1914.
As you can see, even at that time, the propaganda was totally a real deterrent effect on the general consciousness. The imperial war theme posters are proof of that.