From Baikal fishermen can often hear stories about how over the transparent surface of the lake they were trains and ancient castles, old ships and alien ships — what scientists call a mirage.
On Baikal ideal conditions for the emergence of a mirage
On Baikal ideal conditions for a mirage of warm air over the chilled water in summer, clear atmosphere and extreme cold in the winter with the real air. In the layers of air with different densities of light rays are refracted, distorted and become irregular, fantastic forms. Thus, the cyclist in the haze of the road may seem sitting down "Boeing", a small fishing boat appear in the image hovering over the water, "Titanic", and floating duck perceived as a big boat.
Where to go to see a mirage?
Mirages are regularly recorded in the northeastern part of the island of Olkhon, Cape Sun and the island of Great Ushkaniy. In the year is usually 2-6 days with mirages, and in some years the number could reach 16. Baikal fishermen call this phenomenon golomenitsey where distant objects like approach and become clearly visible, although in normal circumstances it is simply impossible to see them. About capes, raised above the water in the air, Baikal fishermen say they golomenyatsya. Golomenitsa — "cleaning Morokov" — happens during the change of wind.
Daytime mirages are often observed in quiet summer weather with a dead calm on the lake. Most often expressed in mirages hover distant headlands above the water. With Weather Big Island Ushkanov observers recorded mirages in which rocky northern circuit Olkhon with characteristic rock Khoboy rises above the horizon and slowly swam to the mainland, as well as unusual red shafts of light over the Cape Ryty. Fancy seeing distant mirages seen local people from the village.
Big Cats and Big Goloustnoye village when it was possible to clearly see the village on the opposite bank, and count all the house, even though the distance between the edges of more than 40 km in normal conditions the village on the other side are not available to the human eye, even with binoculars. In winter, hanging above the ice hummocks mirages merge with these hummocks and scare the traveler with his large size and solid palisade sticking ice. As you approach them their height decreases, and near the mirage dissolves completely and it turns out that among the hummocks can travel freely.
Train over the lake
Above the transparent surface of the lake they were ancient castles, old ships
Baikal researcher V. Lamakin in his book "On the shores and islands of Lake Baikal" described a rare night mirage observed by him in 1957, opposite the village of Big Goloustnoye, "On the eve along Baikal was strong south-west wind, called Kultuk, but we came back in the silent weather. In the evening quite zashtilelo. The night was very dark. Leaving early in the night on deck, I saw an amazing sight. To me very close, at a distance as if not more than one kilometer, over the lake as it passed through the air passenger train. In fact, the train was on the opposite bank of the lake, that is, at a distance of 50 km.
Ghost train was completely silent. No noise and the sound of wheels, of course, can not be heard at a distance. The dark night of mystery and silence emphasized phenomenon. Strictly speaking, the train itself, ie locomotive and cars were not visible. Clearly differed only lit WINDOWS
in large rectangles. Some windows were visible silhouettes of people. Glowing windows are divided into several groups. They share a broad dark spaces. It was possible to count the number of cars. The train, which went silent in the black darkness of the air, the night seemed Ghost.
For a few minutes he stopped. Apparently, it was the station Boyar. Then the train went on the air — to Tanha ".
Black fuzzy object resembling a triangular UFO huge size
This writer watched from the boat going in the summer on the horizon, the outline of a huge lake bizarre object hovering above the water, which could not be identified with any man-made structures on the shores of Lake Baikal.
Black fuzzy object resembling a triangular UFO
enormous, hanging over the edge of the water down, it can be clearly seen through the binoculars for an hour, and just as you approach him hanging over the water image is gradually dissolved, and under it a powerful binoculars you could see the outline of the Baikal big ship "Clara Zetkin ". Optical illusion, as reflected in the haze of warm air over the cold water of Lake Baikal, inverted image of a ship above the water and it has increased tenfold, giving it unrecognizable and a fantastic look.
On Lake Baikal is very common to observe the inverted mirror silhouettes of ships, perceived at a distance as the mysterious and unexplained large object hovering over the water. Sometimes you can see the reflection of the Baikal remote headlands and islands, raised high above the water, usually not observed because of its remoteness. Local newspapers occasionally there are reports of unusual mirages.
Thus, in one of the Irkutsk newspaper reported observing a mirage in the Big cats, when the water in front of the village hung fairy village, consisting entirely of neat orange houses. Eyewitnesses reported that the well could see the lighted windows in the houses. This illusion was like the famous case of observations in Greenland and England hanging in the sky, unknown large cities with palaces and temples, which can be observed within three hours.
The scientific explanation of the phenomenon
Unlike the mirage in the desert, the nature of which is related to refraction in a hot air over the hot soil, Baikal mirages appear on the cold surface of the water and flying high in the air, are called the upper or mirages mirages and far vision caused by the rearrangement of layers of warm and cold air, air lens which refracts the light fantastically.
Atmospheric refraction lifts objects that allows you to look for the line of the horizon. Such mirages can observe objects that have been deleted on the unimaginable distances — up to 1000 km. This phenomenon is characteristic of cold regions, especially in the large temperature inversion, when a layer of cooler air is warmer layer. Sometimes there are triple mirages, when over the horizon invisible object it appears inverted counterpart, and above it — one more correct image. These elevated above the horizon mirages can see distant observers.
The famous image of the sailboat "Flying Dutchman"
There is a third group of the most mysterious mirages called Fata Morgana, a plausible explanation that has yet been found. The name they received after the heroine of the epic Fata Morgana, the rejected lover Lancelot and grief settled in crystal palace under the sea.
Since then, she deceives sailors ghostly visions. Among the most mysterious of her creations — the famous image of sailboat "Flying Dutchman", which is still seen sailors chrono mirages historical battles that took place in the past, and the mirage disappeared mysterious ancient city with temples and minarets. People saw mirages since ancient times, as there are numerous legends. Ancient Egyptians believed that a mirage — a ghost of the country that no longer exists in the world.
Such inexplicable mirage was photographed at Cape Rytom. Over the Cape, famous for its anomalies and lightning, there was clearly visible space lattice, floating like a crystal castle, over the snowy mountains of the Cape. Local fishermen swear yakoby'kazhduyu winter cape opposite Goloustenskogo see slowly moving on the ice of Lake Baikal ghost train with soldiers.
Quite often you can see over Lake Baikal and the northern lights (cool glow in the atmosphere can be observed only in the northern part of the lake). In addition, over Baikal can also be seen standing colored poles at sunset, bright lightning at night and multicolored rainbow. Baikal — truly pantry optical atmospheric phenomena.
Category: Unexplained Phenomena