June 8, 2012 15:19
Outsourcing of human labor as a side effect of globalization has contributed to the formation of the current crisis of unemployment. However, the growing trend is the complete elimination of human workflow is the case even in countries with cheap labor, which now hosts a large portion of the U.S. production.
Because of poor working conditions, poor performance and involvement in the corporate environment, human beings gradually become redundant for the production process. Moreover, there are signs that even highly skilled labor will soon be replaced by the work of art, making people obsolete instruments of production in many ways.
Currently, there is no reason to think that outsourcing human abilities robots will lead us to a nice free life, which promised to science fiction, but rather lead to the perception of the people no more problematic than many in the new economic algorithm. How can we ensure its own relevance in times of such rapid change?
The process of delivery: We are all more or less familiar with the way in which our orders, demands and requirements are handled by robots. The delivery process can range from ATMs, online order processing, delivery of movies by mail or over the Internet, an automated system to answer questions for almost any product.
Machine delivery orders in our time is almost universal. Component of this system is the storage — and, accordingly, the process of finding things and send her packing. The following personal opinion, entitled "We are out of date" perfectly sums up the reasons for the companies, they are trying to get rid of the people in this area of the workflow:
My boss told me that I would be replaced by another employee. The new employee will be much better than me and never ask output. New employee will never get sick, never ask for payment for overtime, and never join a union. New employee will not take the time to communicate with other workers around the water cooler, and will not waste time Facebook. The new employee will never be stressed or nervous breakdown. New employee will never get tired and will work continuously. More importantly, the new employee will never get hurt and sue for compensation.
Meet the number 1557. New employee is a robot. This robot is now replaced me at my workplace at the moment. This is reality.
Production: Taiwanese company Foxconn has responded to criticism of their poor working conditions for people replacing 1.2 million workers per one million robots for laptops, mobile devices and other electronics companies for Apple, Hewlett-Packard, Dell and Sony. Before that, the company required the workers to sign a document stating that they will not try to commit suicide, and even set the system to protect against such suicides. But even by these measures have a very large number of reasons for the conflicts faced executives. As the computer engineer and writer Martin Ford, the machines are not only replaced the man where repetitive actions and precision on the assembly line, but also in skilled labor. How management can get rid of these highly skilled workers?
They can just build a remote-controlled robot to perform the task, and even transfer control function at any desired point. It was established that the main reason that prevents full robotization process is the human ability to recognize complex visual image and then manipulate a robot arm, based on this image. The ability to transmit real-time images to a different part of the world where low-wage workers may then have to directly manipulate the machines is certainly doable already today. Remote-controlled robots are already used in military and police operations, participation in which is dangerous to humans. And we are likely to see these robots in factories and work shops in the near future.
Home Maintenance: Many humanoid and even humanoid robot designed with a wide range of abilities and actions available to talk about the growing possibility of delivery "robot in every home." The article, written in 2004 and entitled "From Outsourcing to botsorsingu" described a disturbing picture of the near future from the standpoint of the time:
Now if you are a man of middle age, it is quite possible that your closest companion very soon become a remote-controlled android, which will follow you, bring iced tea or a martini, remind to take your medications, and send greeting cards to your grandchildren, and sell your stocks Cisco.
Eight years is an eternity to computer technology, so that where we are now, in 2012, compared with the above scenario? Here are some commercially available service robots, whose prices have fallen so that they are available for purchase quite a large number of people. When a man like Bill Gates says that the industry can change the world, we probably should listen to his opinion. When even the oldest profession in the world serving can be outsourced robots, it should make us wonder how much we are attached to the machines in our lives right now.
- Automatic vacuum cleaners
- Weeding and cutting the grass
- Snow removal
- Robot butlers
- Robotic companions for humans and animals
- Personal entertainment (eg, robots ASIMO)
Military branches: In just a few years, we have gone from the idea of classifying the use of drones in America to an open announcement of the availability of 63 drone bases on American soil. War Machine is likely the greatest threat to our existence, as developing new autonomous systems communicating with the ability to single-sided threat assessment and decision-making in theater. But there is a human account. As already mentioned, the robot fighting to reduce the risk to people, but at some level there is a direct replacement, as in the case of the robot PETMAN and some other military bots from the arsenal of DARPA. As well as industrial machinery, military robots have weaknesses of people, such as illness, fatigue, mental health problems, clouded judgments based on emotions … or consciousness. I wonder where direct human military assets when their work will be outsourced robots?
Artificial intelligence: This is a universal X-factor for each of the categories described above, which is already taking place and has an impact on the global economy. Until now, robotic systems were no better than what they have been programmed. Yes, they are more efficient, durable, and predictable in most cases, but we are on the threshold of the next stage of development, when fully autonomous self-learning systems take us to the reality of science fiction — some only of the automatic delivery and self-cars can change our daily life as we know it, to say nothing of their social implications.
Two areas that will have the most transformative effect on what it means to be a human member of society — is training and management.
It is logical to assume that the above capabilities, applications in medicine, public health and home care, can be just as easily be used in teaching. In fact, economist Kim Shin-hwan of Hyundai Research Institute, South Korea said, "By 2015, robots will be able to assist teachers in the classroom. By 2018, they will be able to train on their own, and this will lead to the fact that many teachers will lose their jobs. "
Similarly, the "positive futurist" Dick Pelletier considers not little impact from the loss of vyskokvalifitsirovannoy labor in the fields of law, the judicial system and police officers. Already mentioned by DARPA project PETMAN clearly indicates that the government is actively looking to replace a person in the military industry, so that the forces of law and order can not be too far from that. And even bigger ethical debate erupted, when we look at the government, which now plagued by corruption from top to bottom. Pelletier cites a consultant of the National Science community Pamela MakKordak:
I'd rather deal with the impartial computer at a time when it is possible to choose the automated lawmakers, judges, and police officers who do not have personal goals.
Leaving aside questions of ethics, such a large-scale replacement of people to change the economy far beyond what we can see today. Peltier says that we should expect a loss of about fifty million jobs to machines in 2030, and probably about half of all human jobs by 2040.
Technology has always been a double-edged sword. Opportunities provided by artificial intelligence and robotics, provided a positive potential may even challenge existing ruling elites. Meanwhile, our economy is transformed from human inefficiency and variation to the economy of robots, which can pose a threat to their own system of self-determination of millions of people. Without a major paradigm shift in the ability of the average person to gain access to the growing potential of the large-scale reduction of prices for goods and services, we will end up with another system of haves and have-nots.
Futurist Peter Diamandis with certainty that the changes that will occur in the next decade or two, will lead us all to superhuman abilities that make us "God-like." Pay attention to this "all of us." Is this really true? If so, then we need to make their own ethical decision on this before this decision is made for us by those who seek to control the technology or the technology itself.
A positive outcome is definitely worth careful consideration, as we have in our portfolio a good portion of science fiction, which can serve as a cautionary tale against the collective resolve of intelligent machines.
Translation Cowanchee (MixedNews), original Activistpost