In Dagestan, archaeologists discovered an ancient human settlement on the territory of Russia. Prehistoric man, who lived here for about 2 million years ago, were named Aynikab, Muhkay and Gegalashur.
They belong to the earliest era of human history — the period of the "Olduvai". Finds that time had never been recorded in Russia, so at the moment it is the most ancient human settlement on the territory of the country.
Parking lots are located on a plateau at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level. Scientists have found here the extraordinary thickness of sediments that store fingerprints of human activity — as much as 80 meters, as well as an unprecedented number of cultural layers — more than 35. According to the Russian archaeologist Khizri Amirkhanova, the lower part of the cultural strata dated to the age of about 1.95 million years old.
In the land of the archaeologists have found traces of hearths, animal bones, hunted, and numerous stone tools. Most local residents used the stone chopping tool — chopper, as well as various flint knives, scrapers, and awls. Parking was a temporary abode, where they lived small groups of 15-20 people supposedly, snatching food hunting, gathering edible roots, plants and wild fruits.
The remains of the people themselves, who inhabited the area, have not yet discovered. However, in some respects, scientists believe that it could be an ancestor of modern humans — Homo erectus (upright man).
Among the findings surprised the researchers found bones of a giraffe, elephant, antelope and hyena — animals that are not found in the mountainous areas. This mystery scientists have yet to unravel.
See also: Recent archaeological finds, Found ancestor of birds.