The poorest countries of the world, as well as the number of people living in extreme poverty in the last 40 years has doubled. This is stated in the UN report. To date, 49 countries are considered as the least developed. In 1971, there were only 25. According to the organization, the model of economic development of these countries failed and should be reviewed.
From 2002 to 2007, despite the economic growth by an average of 7% per year, the number of people living below the poverty line is growing by three million people and reached 421 million. With about 53 percent of the poorest countries are in a very difficult position.
Experts are also concerned that the poorest countries are highly dependent on imports — especially of food. The costs of food imports in these countries increased from $ 9 billion in 2002 to $ 23 billion in the 2008th. Moreover, the economy is very dependent of the poorest countries, and their natural resources are being rapidly depleted. To help these countries build up a new UN calls for an international system that will provide the necessary guidance and financial assistance, according to RIA Novosti.