USSR — Russia. Prices and quality of life. Or 30 years later

First of all need the facts, and
only then they can misinterpret.
(Mark Twain)

For comparison table, I took a good Soviet salary 1982 (150 rubles) and mediocre salary Moscow in 2012 (25 000). Dividing one by the other, got indexation coefficient 166.

That is, wages increased by 166 times. Look at Soviet prices also increased to 166 times, and compare them to the prices in Russia in 2012.

First column — name of the product. The second — the price of goods in the early 80's of the XX century. Third — the price to be a commodity today (2012) with the index (price multiplied by 166). The fourth column — the real current price in the shops of "Auchan".

If the price is above the price of the fourth column of the third, — the goods went up, life has deteriorated. If below — fell, improved.

Comment on the data collected will not. Each conclusion on his own understanding.


Note K.Putevodki: 

As good salary Soviet times taken 150 rubles, that is true not only in Moscow, but virtually the entire territory of the Union. In remote parts of the country pay could be more, but the prices there are higher for used so-called "half-length ratio."

As for Russia, the average salary of 25,000 rubles, in my opinion, is too high for the country. Therefore, in the whole of Russia ratio should be about one and a half times lower (somewhere around 100).
For clarity, I have entered into the table column "cheaper / gone up." Given the uncertainty of comparison, this column is filled only if the prices differ by 1.5 times or more.
In the tables there is a significant gap: no price comparisons of children's products and medicines.
The tables reflect only wealth. In addition to them, of course, there are other dimensions of life quality. Moreover, a number of intangible benefits may be more important than the material. For example:
— USSR: security, many free children's circles-sections are available on the trip home country, pride in the country and the scientific achievements, etc.;
— Russia: affordable travel around the world, much less energy is spent on household and care for a baby, etc.

But the author and do not seek to analyze the comparison of the USSR and the Russian Federation on all possible parameters. As for the prices of consumer goods, the picture is incomplete.


Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Eggs and dairy products.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Bread and groceries.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Vegetables and fruits.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Confectionery.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Wine-water-tobacco.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Housing.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Transport.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Children's education.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Clothing and footwear.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Furniture and household appliances.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Other manufactured goods and services.Compare prices in the USSR (1982) and Russia (2012).  Goods: Music, food, fun and relaxation.

Sergei Eletskikh

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