January 1, 2012 kicks off an important integration project — the single economic space of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. The project, which, without exaggeration, a historic landmark not only for 3 of our countries, and for all the countries in the former Soviet Union.
The path to this point was not easy and sometimes zigzag. It began 20 years ago when, after the collapse of the Russian Union was created Commonwealth of independent states. In fact the model has been found that a broker to save a myriad of civilization, spiritual threads that unite our people. Preserve the industrial, economic and other ties, without which is impossible to imagine our life.
There are various ways to assess the effectiveness of the CIS, endlessly talk about his internal dilemmas of unrealized expectations. But it's hard to argue with the fact that the Commonwealth is an indispensable mechanism to bridge positions and to produce a single point of view on the main prepyadstviya facing our region and brings visible, some benefit to all participants.
Moreover, the specific experience of the CIS has permitted us to run a multi-level and multi-speed integration of the post-Soviet space, make appropriate formats such as the Federal Government of the Russian Federation and Belarus, the Organization of the Collective Security Contract, the Eurasian Economic Society, the Customs alliance and, in the end, the single economic space.
Typically, during the global financial crisis, forced the country to find new resources for economic growth, integration processes have received an additional boost. We approached impartially to, to seriously upgrade the principles of our partnership — both in the CIS and in other regional associations. And have focused initially on the development of trade and industrial relations.
In fact, it is about the transformation of integration in a clear, lovely to people and businesses, sustainable and long-term project, which is independent of fluctuations in the current political and at least some other conditions.
Note that exactly such problem posed by the development of the Eurasian Economic Community in 2000. And in the end, specifically logic too small, mutually beneficial cooperation, public awareness of the commonality of strategic interests led Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan to form the Customs Union.
July 1, 2011 at the internal borders of 3 of our countries has been removed controls on the movement of products that have graduated from the formation of this common customs area with clear prospects for the realization of the most fundamental business initiatives. Now the Customs Union, we are taking a step to the One economic place. Create a huge market with more than 165 million consumers, with unified legislation, free movement of capital, services and labor.
Fundamentally in principle that the SES will be based on the agreed actions in the major institutional areas — the macro economy, ensuring the competition rules in the field of technical regulations and agricultural subsidies, transport, tariffs of natural monopolies. And then — and on a common visa and migration policy, which will allow to remove border controls at internal borders. In other words creatively apply the experience of the Schengen agreement, which became a boon not only for Europeans, and for everyone who comes to work, study or relax in the EU.
I should add that now will not need the technical refinement of 7 thousand km of the Russian-Kazakh border. Moreover, qualitatively new conditions created for increasing cross-border cooperation.
For people removing migration, border and other barriers so called "labor quota" shall mean the opportunity, without any limitation due to choose where to live, get an education, work hard. By the way, in the Soviet Union — with its Institute of residence — a similar freedom was not.
In addition, we are significantly increasing the amount of goods for personal use, which can be imported free of duty, the relieving people from humiliating checks at customs.
Ample opportunities open up for business. Speaking of new lively markets, which will act uniform standards and requirements for goods and services, with almost always unified with the European. This is fundamentally because at the moment we all ran across to the modern technical regulations and the agreed policy will allow us to avoid the technological gaps, the apparent incompatibility of products. Moreover, any of the companies of our states in any state — member of the SES will practically take advantage of Russian producers, including access to government procurements and contracts.
Of course, that such a foothold in the open market, the business will have to work on their own efficiency, reduce costs, to invest in modernization. Consumers will benefit from this.
Coupled with the fact we can read about the beginning of a true "competition jurisdictions," the struggle for the businessman. After all, every Russian, Kazakh, Belarusian entrepreneur has the right to choose — in which one of the 3 states he registered his company, where to do business, where he held the customs clearance. This is a severe incentive for state bureaucracies work to improve market institutions, administrative procedures, improve the business climate and vkladyvatelnogo. In short, to eliminate those "bottlenecks", and spaces to which have not got around, to improve the legislation in accordance with the best international and European practice.
At the time, the Europeans took 40 years to go from Euro Coal and Steel Community to the present European Union. The formation of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space is even more dynamic, because it takes into account experience of the EU and other regional organizations. We litsezreem them strong and feeble hand. And this is our distinct advantage to avoid errors and to prevent the reproduction of various bureaucratic canopies.
We are also in constant contact with leading business associations in 3 states. Discuss controversial issues, consider constructive criticism. Namely, it was a very useful discussion on the Customs Union Business Forum, which was held in Moscow in July of this year.
I repeat: we are very fundamentally, that the public of our states, employers do not take the integration project as apical bureaucratic games, as a fully living organism, a good opportunity for the implementation of the initiatives and achievements of success.
So, in the interests of businesses already decided to start the codification of the legal base of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space, that the economic life of the participants did not have to wade through a "forest" of numerous paragraphs, articles and reference rules. To work it will be quite all just 2-basic documents — the Customs Code and codify the contract for the Customs Union and Common Economic Space.
From 1 January 2012 to earn a full format and the Tribunal Community. Apply to the Tribunal for all the facts relating to discrimination, a violation of the rules of competition and equal criteria of doing business will be able to not only the country and the economic life of the participants.
Fundamentally a feature of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space — is the presence of supra-national institutions. They are also fully applies this basic requirement, such as minimizing bureaucracy and focus on the real interests of the people.
In our view, should increase the role of the Customs Union, which has currently has significant potential. On this day, there are about forty, and in the next — in the framework of the EEA — will be more than 100. In particular it is possible to adopt a number of decisions on the competitive policy on technical regulations on subsidies. Solve challenging puzzles can be so only through the creation of this, constantly operating structure — small, professor and effective. Because Our homeland has put forward a proposal to the College with the role of the CCC representatives of the "troika", which will work in the capacity-independent, international officials.
Construction of the Customs Union and one economic space lays the foundation for the formation of a future Eurasian Economic Union. Will go immediately and the gradual expansion of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space through this connection to the work of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
We do not dwell on it and put forward an ambitious task: to enter the subsequent, more than the highest level of integration — the Eurasian Union.
What we see them and outline the prospects of this project?
In 1-x, we are not talking about, that in one form or another to recreate the Soviet Union. It would be naive to try to restore or copy what has remained in the past, but a bit crowded on the latest integration of values, political, economic base — the commandment of time.
We want to offer a massive model of a supranational union capable of becoming one of the poles of the modern world and for all that play an effective role "link" between Europe and the vibrant Asia-Pacific region. In particular this means that on the basis of the Customs Union and Common Economic Space to move to a more cramped coordination of economic and monetary policy, to make a real economic alliance.
Addition of natural resources, capital, strong human resource capacity will allow the Eurasian Union be competitive in the industrial and technological race, the competition for investors and for the creation of new jobs and advanced production facilities. And together with other key players and regional structures — such as the EU, the U.S., China and APEC — to ensure stability of global development.
In-2, Eurasian alliance will serve as a kind of center for further integration. In other words, will be formed by the gradual merging of the existing structures — the Customs Union, one economic space.
B-3, it would be a mistake to oppose the Eurasian alliance and the Commonwealth of independent states. Each of these structures has its place and its role in the post-Soviet space. Our homeland and its partners want to work intensively on improving the institutions of the Commonwealth, the saturation of its practical agenda.
Namely, it is about starting a CIS-defined, clear, cute initiatives and joint programs. For example, in the field of energy, transport, high technology, social development. Huge prospects of humanitarian cooperation in science, culture, education, in cooperation in the regulation of labor markets, the creation of a civilized environment for labor mobility. We got a great legacy of Russian Union — this infrastructure, and the particular product line, and the common linguistic, scientific and cultural place. Together to use this resource for development — in our common interest.
In addition, I am convinced that the economic foundation of the Commonwealth should be a very liberalized trading regime. At the initiative of — in the framework of its presidency in the CIS in 2010 — a draft of a new contract on free trade zone based, incidentally, on the principles of the Global Trade Organization and aimed at a full-scale removal of various barriers. We count on the stern progress in harmonizing the positions of the Treaty during another meeting of the Council of CIS Heads of Government, which will take quite soon — in October 2011.
B-4, the Eurasian alliance — Is an open source project. We welcome the accession of other partners, and the first of the Commonwealth. If all this is not going to rush or push someone. This should be the country's sovereign decision, dictated by his long public interest.
Then wanted to touch on one, in my opinion, very important topic. Some of our neighbors explain the reluctance to participate in the advanced integration projects in the post-Soviet space that is Tipo contradicts their European choice.
I think this is the wrong fork in the road. We're not going to isolate itself from anybody and anyone resist. Eurasian alliance will be based on the universal principles of integration as an integral part of Greater Europe united by shared values of freedom, democracy and market laws.
Back in 2003, our motherland and the EU agreed on the formation of a common economic space, the coordination rules of economic activity without the creation of supranational structures. In support of this idea, we have offered the Europeans together loaf of harmonic development of society economies from Lisbon to Vladivostok, free trade zone and even more advanced forms of integration. On the formation of a coherent policy in the field of industry, technology, energy, education and science. And, in the end, the lifting of visa barriers. These proposals do not hang in the air — they are thoroughly discusses the European staff.
Now party dialogue with the EU will be the Customs, and the upcoming and Eurasian alliance. So Makar, the entry in the Eurasian alliance than the direct economic benefits, will allow each of its members faster and more powerful positions integrated into Europe.
In addition, the logical and cost-equilibrium system partnership Eurasian Union and the EU is able to make the real conditions for the configuration of the geopolitical and geo-economic configuration of the entire continent and would have had an undeniable positive global effect.
Now of course, that the global crisis that erupted in 2008, wore a structural nature. We are currently seeing its acute relapses. The root of problems — a backlog of global imbalances. When all this is a very difficult process of developing post-crisis global development models. For example, virtually stalled Doha round, there are particular difficulties and inside the WTO, is experiencing a severe crisis of the principle of free trade and open markets.
In our view, the solution could be the development of common approaches, namely, the "bottom". First — inside the existing regional structures — the EU, NAFTA, APEC, ASEAN and others, and then — by the dialogue between them. Specifically, the integration of these "building blocks" can develop a more sustainable nature of the world economy.
For example, two large associations of our continent — the European Union and the emerging Eurasian alliance — basing their interaction on the rules of free trade and the comparability of the systems of regulation, impartially, including a case with third countries and regional bodies, are able to extend these principles to the entire site — from Atlantic to the Pacific. In the place to be on his own harmonic economic nature, but polycentric from the standpoint of certain devices and management decisions. Then it will be reasonable to engage in a constructive dialogue on the principles of interaction with the Asia-Pacific, North America and other regions.
In this regard, I note that Customs alliance of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan have already started talks on a free trade zone with the European Free Trade Association. The agenda of the APEC forum, which will be held next year in Vladivostok, the principal place will be the theme of trade liberalization, removing barriers to economic cooperation. In this case, our home will promote the general, common position of all participants Customs Union and SES.
So Makar, our integration project goes
to a qualitatively new level, opens up broad prospects for economic development, making additional competitive advantages. Such joint efforts will allow us not only to fit into the global economy and trading system, and to participate meaningfully in decision-making, defining the rules of the game and defining the contours of the future.
I am convinced that the creation of the Eurasian Union, the effective integration — is the path that will allow participants to take their rightful place in the complex world of the XXI century. Only together, our countries are able to enter one of the favorites for global growth and civilization progress, to achieve of success and prosperity.