Surprising is the fact that domestic snakes one of the family members do not bite, how great this family was. How are these things distinguish friend from foe, no one knows
On the Dragon embodying the idea of eternity rests in the waves ocean god Vishnu, the protector of the good and the law. Cobra entwine and neck almighty Shiva. Most often, they are given the role of defenders of the legendary heroes of enemies and various afflictions. Even the great Krishna experienced the patronage of Queen snakes. In bad weather, it dissolves the hood over it, thus protecting from rain and hail, on hot days safeguard against sizzling sun.
In India, you can hear a lot of stories about the King Cobra — "King Cobra." It is always described as a huge black snake bite that kills on the spot. Hindu mythology includes a lot of legends, where among the main actors appear cobra.
Natalia Romanova Gusev, D.Sc., a distinguished scholar and Indologist, writes: "Cobra is present all the time in the life of Indians, especially Indian peasants. Anywhere they are not immune from the meeting with a cobra, not only in the field and forest, but also at home. If the cobra creeps into a person's home, it will not be killed, and will consider the embodiment of the soul of some ancestor, and will plead not bring harm to the living and to leave home voluntarily. Almost every village somewhere under the tree you can see the stone images of cobras. People come here to pray and make sacrifices — milk, rice balls, flowers. "
Especially revered snakes in the south. In Kerala, some castes in every house there are snake sanctuaries, where they live in burrows in the sacred cobra. If the family moves to another house, the family priest takes with it all the Cobras to a new location. Surprising is the fact that domestic snakes one of the family members do not bite, how great this family was. How are these things distinguish friend from foe, no one knows.
It is celebrated all over the place, "Nag panchmi" — a holiday snakes. On this day, the inhabitants of several villages where developed cult of snakes, go to the forest and bring out the basket of snakes, let them on the streets and in the courts, showered them with flowers, watered milk, throw them on the neck, wrapped around the hands. And with all this snake for some reason do not bite. Foreigners love to watch these snake orgy and photograph them, but through the closed windows of cars. "Nag panchmi" lasts all day, and by night tired from human petting snakes crawl away to his home.
For many villagers snake, which they catch in nearby marshes, has long since become the only source of income. Hunting accompanied by the traditional ritual: executed mantra Zmeelov warns his captive, how long it will keep her in captivity. "Contract" is never violated. Snakes can release earlier, but not later than the promised date. Fangs they never removed. Art of snake charming villages passed on from generation to generation. Even children are not afraid of snakes, play with them.
In the XIX century, a French traveler witnessed performances fakir or snake charmer, "The Hindu has set a flat basket in which, coiled cobra lying. The monotonous sound of the flute snake began to slowly straighten.
It seems as if she was sitting on the coiled tail. Cobra made in the direction of the fakir sharp attacks, though she wanted to bite him. Caster stared at the snake and in ten or twelve minutes, she calmed down and steadily rocked by slowing the rate of flute. Her eyes, at first expressed only a desire to attack the caster, now became fixed and were charmed movements fakir. Hindu took the slackness snake slowly approached her, without interrupting play on the flute, and pressed her cheek against his head and tongue. It was only for a moment — an angry snake fell on daredevil, but he had already retreated to a safe distance. "
However traveler dared to doubt: is there a snake fangs, and was ready to pay the Spanish piastre proof. Fakir then brought a rooster, and he handed it to Cobra. The snake lifted its head and immediately lethal sting victim. After a few minutes of cock down his back, legs stretched out …
Ancient craft skills that they own, are inherited. Teach only boys. In the five-six years of age they are already allowed to touch the snakes. Teachers are doing a kind of grafting his young disciples, rubbing his venom into the wound in the skin microscopically small at first, and then the high-dose and thus make them immune to the poison.
Until recently believed that the behavior of cobras during the presentation is necessarily associated with the sounds of a flute. Fluting fakir supposedly makes cobra up and fanning the hood, slowly swaying to the rhythm of the melody. "In fact — wrote one contemporary observer — they make contact with the snake is not with the music, and with a gesture. The best effect is barely noticeable threat: cobra raises his head and inflates the hood only when they feel in danger. Caster begins with the fact that it sprinkles a little cold water, which worried the snake. Then it starts to play, sending her flute. Coming out of the instrument air blows snake's back, causing it usually begins to rise. "
Probably the first European to try to find out the secrets of the ancient trade, was a French journalist André Villers, who in the 70's of last century, persuaded a fakir from Benares to give him a few lessons taming cobras.
"In response to my rant — says A. Villiers:" I know that the flute does not play any role in the spell, because snakes are deprived of hearing aid "- I received only a polite smile. However, this scientific truth, gleaned from articles in popular magazines, retreating in the face of facts. The facts were as follows: as soon as a fakir opened the basket, an arrow flew out cobra, whose opened mouth leaves no doubt about its intentions. And then a miracle happened. Fakir started playing the flute, rather wrest from it a thin shrill sound, shaking his head with the top down. Reptile immediately calmed down and, without taking eyes off the ice tools, began to sway, and precisely in time to the music, which she, friendly to zoologists, was unable to hear. However, there is a trick of the wings. But what? "
Over time, the journalist found out that the snake affects tool used not for its intended purpose. During the training of the newly acquired Cobra, constantly showed his vicious temper, over and over again got a flute in the teeth. "Whenever an attempt attacks she received a severe blow, losing pugnacity and finally, exhausted, slipped to the prepared for her basket. Tamer wicker lid closed it and sat down, "- states the facts journalist.
Cobra did not learn, they are just afraid of flute. The conclusion reached by A. Villiers. Knocking the cover every time the fakir has to make sure that the snake had time to consider his flute!
However, according to statistics, about 200,000 Indians are victims each year of random encounters with the snake. Of these, 15 to 30 thousand people die from poisonous bites. Despite the fact that the snakes — are sacred, there are times when snakes are killed and the Indians themselves. Several years ago, the Indian press reported that loggers, Spil old tree edges, seen creeping out of the holes myriad snakes. Saving themselves, they killed a lot of snakes. Later on this place to build a temple in honor of the terrible Shiva.
Category: Unexplained Phenomena