Yeti — huge hairy humanoids. Zverocheloveki … In the Pamirs — Yeti — in Europe snoumen — Bigfoot in America — Bigfoot — bolshenog in the Himalayas — metch-kang-mi — dirty snowman. The missing link of evolution … Riddle "Bigfoot" worries of ordinary people for a long time, but it is discussed in some circles frivolous. Too good arguments contradict the hypothesis relic hominoids.
Wherever heath or mountain, there are monsters who choose this place for your stay. They stubbornly refuse to accept the science, despite the fact that they are well known to the local population. Those who have seen with their own eyes, describes it as a "huge hairy creatures (demi-prosimians), differing supernatural intelligence and extraordinary ability to disappear as soon as there are at the forefront of the audience." Their giant prints were not only detected, but photographed in the area from the Himalayas to the mountains of North America. Yet in all that time has never been caught or instance.
All have heard of the "snowman" (or Yeti) from the Himalayan mountains, humanoids, chose his seat high mountain peaks. "Bigfoot" is well aware of the locals, and by now it was possible to see even the Europeans. One of the meetings with the Yeti connected with the name of the famous British mountaineer Don Uilyansa. In the summer of 1970 he was in the mountains of Nepal at an altitude of 13,000 feet above sea level. One evening, after he spent a day photographing someone's huge, unfamiliar tracks in the snow when he suddenly saw the clear light of the moon creature that these traces could well belong. It moved cautiously along the ridge, located directly in front of his tent. The creature looked like ape and moving on all fours. A detailed physical description Yeti Lord Hunt gave the abbot Xiang Boche, who had the opportunity to observe one day to see how he played in the snow outside his home. His height was about five feet, gray hair. Unfortunately, the other monks, coming to a terrible excitement, began to ring bells and blow the trumpets.
Despite repeated reports of Sherpas and other local residents, the most tangible proof for science will be the next, whose existence is confirmed by photographs. So, November 8, 1951, during one of his expeditions to Everest with Eric Shipton and Michael Ward and Sherpa Tensing Sen stumbled upon striking footprints in the snow at an altitude of 18,000 feet. They belonged essentially hodivshemu like walking people, if it indeed was a man, his height was a about eight feet (ft — 30.4 cm). Traces stretched for about a mile and then dropped to the ice edge. Similar traces were found by other investigators Himalayas, including an expedition organized by the newspaper "Daily Mail" in 1954, the most impressive, however, it would be the next discovered in 1915 in Sikkim forester J. Gentile. Print sizes are truly unique: from 18 to 24 inches (inches — 2.5 cm) long! Indigenous people believed that the footprints belong to the local giant — one of the "kind of wild men." One characteristic detail: the toes of the giant pointed in the direction opposite to that in which he moved.
In the Soviet Union, Central Asia, also found footprints similar to yeti footprints: they saw a scientist from the University of Leningrad AG Pronin. "Rendezvous" occurred in the Pamir Mountains, and then just a few days the researcher saw the same creature twice. According to his description, this hairy (with brownish-gray shade) creature with long arms and an awkward gait. Local Kyrgyz shepherds long known about the existence of "Bigfoot", but neither they nor the expedition fitted out to the Pamirs, could not catch him.
Hairy giants have seen many times in other mountainous areas of Asia, but the most accurate evidence of their existence is still not obtained there, and from the western regions of North America. The first European settlers in California, Oregon and Washington from the local tribes learn about the country, "the wild man of the mountains", which the Indians of British Columbia called "Sasquatch." Since then, as a traveler and explorer David Thompson for the first time on the trail left by the creature (so he told the local Indians of Alberta, Canada) near Jasper and reach a length of 14 inches, were found literally thousands of strange footprints "hairy beings", but and do these creatures have been repeatedly observed and photographed person. In keeping with the Native American belief that "Sasquatch" is the custom to kidnap people, few Americans — in our time — said that they had been abducted — the most recent case of this kind, as far as we know, took place in 1976 , while the first was recorded fifty-two years earlier. Then Albert Ostman was a lumberjack in the plot on Vancouver Island. One day, he, in his words, was raised during sleep right in the sleeping bag and moved to a distance of 25 miles in the den to the "Sasquatch." There lived the father (a height of about eight feet), mother (a foot below) and two children, who treated the prisoner particularly well. After staying there for six days, the woodcutter fled, but, fearing ridicule, do not talk about their adventures until 1955
After all, if the "Bigfoot" exists, then, according to anthropologists, he had to "branch out" on the tree of evolution at least 50 thousand years ago. And to view persisted for so long, we need certain conditions to the population size, food supply, etc. In particular, if we estimate the size and population density of the frequency of observation — and it is low — it turns out that this type of genetically inevitably degenerate in much less time. Too much, however, is uncertain. First, even tentatively known life individual.
Second, there are legitimate estimates of population size in frequency of observations. In short, the objections to the relic hominoids from genetics are unlikely to be decisive. Some of the more curious questions of genetics hominoid nereliktovogo. Bolko famous anthropologist in his day wonderful, but for some reason almost forgotten observation. He found a surprising similarity between the shape of the person and … monkey embryos. Not young, namely embryos. Of course, adult monkeys also sometimes resemble individual members of the human race, but it is. so to say, a purely physical resemblance.
But the embryos … The structure of the skull, jaws. location of hair — down to "mustache" and "beard"! Amazing! Bolko expressed his astonishment with the words: "A man — mature embryo of a monkey!" However, looking at the picture, you and exclaim something like that. It is time to introduce a new term in the article: neoteny. This is a developmental delay or absence of symptoms in adults signs embryonic. Thanks to the evolution of neoteny is able to turn right into another channel without affecting adults, rather conservative traits. Thus, the human hand could not have evolved from a monkey in a relatively short period.
But the embryo limb structure is almost identical. The same can be said about the brain, and other organs. That led to neoteny unusually rapid evolutionary formation of the person. But what has all this to the relic hominoids? It is known that genes, even seemingly unnecessary, is not released from the genotype. Nature in this sense is quite "thrifty." That they did not show phenotypically, that is in the external signs, enough to block them. "Activation" and "off" by a special genes: repressors, promoters and effectors. There are specific proteins that block or activate the work of genes. Unnecessary stacked in double and triple helices and stay, to use the jargon of programmers to "archived" status.
It turns out that all the genes of our ancestors we carry in ourselves, in all their splendor. And Neanderthal and Pithecanthropus, and even drevopiteka … But these genes are not normally occur: information is securely locked. But sometimes … This phenomenon is called atavism. Suddenly a man is born with well-developed hairy, powerful fangs, even tail. Therefore these genes somehow "unzip-valis." Now imagine that in a certain mountain or deaf woodland zhive1 limited population of ordinary people. So, inevitably inbreeding, leading to the accumulation of mutations. Priplyusuem here natural mutagenic agents — for example, ultraviolet radiation at high altitude.
As a result, can create the conditions for the manifestation of atavistic genes. And it is possible appearance in the offspring of people with a full feature set of the same Neanderthal. Perhaps there lie the origins of the many legends about people-werewolves. Parents and children waited unenviable fate: to drive and the child and the mother, allegedly crossed her with the beast. After several expulsions could be a small population of the beast-men. The crossing atavistic genes summarized and reinforced …
And it may be that "relic hominoids" — is actually nereliktovy carrier active relic genes. But what about the huge size "Bigfoot"? — The reader will ask. But there is no contradiction. Recall that among our ancestors were such creatures as gigantropy and megapiteki. Their growth exceeded 2-2.5 m!
And in general in nature, there may be several types of options or "Abominable Snowman." This is totally contrary to the hypothesis advanced here.
Category: Unexplained Phenomena