2012 — year of lava potokov.Razom wake up all the volcanoes?

08.12.2012

Volcanologists admitted that such eruptions have not seen … Kamchatka volcanologists dedicated to the eruption of a volcano Flat Tolbachic seminar confessed: the record for the power flow has become a volcano Kizimen Kronotskoye Reserve, the first in the intensity of the eruption and the suddenness of his start — Tolbachic in the natural park "Volcanoes of Kamchatka".

"This year, the Kamchatka volcanologists observe two unique eruption. Over the past summer volcano Kizimen length of viscous lava flow from the crater of which reached 3.5 km, boosted its capacity up to 260 m For clarity I can say that the thickness of the solidifying lava flow is more than three times the height of St. Nicholas hill in the center of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky . This was not observed in the history of volcanic research in Kamchatka, "- said a senior researcher at the IVS FEB RAS, member of the Scientific and Technical Council Kronotsk reserve Sergey Samojlenko.

He said the new fissure eruption Tolbachinskoe "striking velocity and the length of the lava flows. According to the lava flow, it is four times the eruption of the Great Northern burst Tolbachic fissure eruption, and ten times — Southern breakthrough of the same famous eruption. Area lava fields, extrusive in the first days of the eruption, comparable to the area of Elizovo. "

"The opportunity to observe the eruption in Kamchatka" Hawaiian style "when the liquid basaltic lava poured out rapidly, gushing hundreds of meters, it is not every ten years", — reported in Kronotskoye reserve.


FROM THE FILES "KP"

In 2012, the time to wake up all the volcanoes?


Recently, researchers from the universities here in Sydney, Bergen and Hawaii alerted the world that is a strange pulse of mineral resources. It turned out that in our planet's history there have been periods when the time erupted almost all the volcanoes on it. And there comes a living hell.

Volcanologists looked into the violent past of our planet for tens of millions of years. Checked all her hot spots — from the Hawaiian Islands to the Kuril, from Iceland to North America with her supervolcanoes in Yellowstone. Global eruption started 10, 22, 30, 40, 49 and 60 million years ago. That is roughly every 10 million years. And among them was restless: Volcanic activity is greatly escalated 4, 15, 34, 45 and 65 million years ago. Duration of second period was 5 million years. It is a just and got dinosaurs that ended their era 65 million years ago.

And we are facing an even more powerful disaster — from the first row. After 10 million years either already passed, or are about to take place. Maybe, an hour in 2012, and comes …

Mankind, it seems, will not rest until it passes the notorious date on which the Mayans supposedly designated end of the world

FROM THE FIFTH SUN FOR THE SIXTH


Numerous educators (and "KP" in particular) already tired to explain: the Maya predicted the end of the world is not on your calendar. And the calendar itself does not cut off Dec. 21, 2012, as some people think. This day will end just another great cycle period of 5126 years. Fifth Sun, or, in the terminology and beliefs of the ancient Indians. And will Sixth Sun.

No, do not trust people. And waiting for a specified time some cataclysm that will destroy life on Earth. But scientists may be unwittingly regularly provoke fears.

Recently, researchers from the universities here in Sydney, Bergen and Hawaii alerted the world that is a strange pulse of mineral resources. It turned out that in our planet's history there have been periods when the time erupted almost all the volcanoes on it. And there comes a living hell. End of the world for the creatures that lived while on earth. Although someone survived. And life, albeit in a different form, but continued. What is the confirmation. On the one hand: the bones of dinosaurs — those who lived under one of the massive eruptions. On the other: a variety of animals, including us. That is, those who live for after — waiting for the next disaster.

Pulse of the Earth


Volcanologists looked into the violent past of our planet for tens of millions of years. Checked all her hot spots — from the Hawaiian Islands to the Kuril, from Iceland to North America with her supervolcanoes in Yellowstone. Global eruption started 10, 22, 30, 40, 49 and 60 million years ago. That is roughly every 10 million years. And among them was restless: Volcanic activity is greatly escalated 4, 15, 34, 45 and 65 million years ago. Duration of second period was 5 million years. It is a just and got dinosaurs that ended their era 65 million years ago.

And we are facing an even more powerful disaster — from the first row. After 10 million years either already passed, or are about to take place. Maybe, an hour in 2012, and come.

Of course, there is a competing theory. And according to her asteroid killed the dinosaurs. But opponents of the "impact of space" referred to earlier events. For example, those that occurred 200 million years ago. Then came the end of the world for the archosaurs — the dinosaurs predecessors and competitors. And they just ruined the volcano, the lava of which flooded vast areas in the territory of today's Siberia and India.

Together with the archosaurs disappeared from Earth more than 60 percent of the plants.

The reason for the synchronous eruptions, scientists still do not know. Consequently, can not be predicted. But that danger exists, does not rule out. Moreover, indicate its potential sources.

BAD EXAMPLE OF MARS


Mount St. Helens — an active volcano. Located on the western United States. Last activity was registered in 2004. But further emission of hot gas and steam did not get. And in 1980 a strong eruption killed 57 people, several cities have been bombarded with a thick layer of ash.

Even then — in 1980 — the scientists explored the area in the bowels of the volcano. And found at a depth of 15 kilometers strange and very extensive structure conductive. Suggested that this cavity with water. And calmed down. But recent studies have shown that there is a reason not to get worked up and panic.

Graham Hill of the New Zealand Institute of Nuclear Research of the earth, and had a new probe, using better equipment. He found: no there is not water. Under the mountain of St. Helena are huge cavity of molten rock that extend in one direction at 50 kilometers, the other — by 70. A relatively narrow channel, which now comes from the bowels of the volcano, joined a few more. It is possible that the system extends to the lava-covered Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming, Montana, Idaho), which is the largest, but the extinct volcano of the continent — the so-called Yellowstone caldera. And smaller counterparts.

If all channels will work at once, there will be a monstrous crater with a diameter of several tens of kilometers. And break out the eruption of unprecedented power.

— It seems that a similar disaster occurred once on Mars — scares Hill. — Now, here is the largest volcano in the solar system — Olympus Mons.

The height of the Martian monster 27 kilometers — three times more than Mount Everest, the diameter — 550 kilometers. A little farther — three more impressive volcano: Arsia Mons, Pavonis Mons and Ascraeus Mons, which are also likely connected to a single system. Working together, they might well have greatly harm the planet. Until the destruction of life on it.

Anxious, but the giant volcanoes on Mars are about the same latitude as the candidates supervolcanoes on Earth. And like arranged relative to each other.

Intimidate and the Geological Society of London. The eruption of two supervolcanoes it forecasted in Europe at Phlegraean fields near Naples and close to the island of Kos in the Mediterranean. The researchers recorded in dangerous neighborhoods Indonesia, New
Zealand, Japan, Kamchatka, and Central America. Like, the bowels of each of them conceal the giant magma reservoirs.

One measly volcanoes in Iceland with the unpronounceable name, remember, was nearly paralyzed the whole of human civilization. What would happen if the bowels asunder time? How to threaten scientists? It is terrible to think about.

DIFFERENT VIEW


Earth needs disasters


— About synchronous eruption in this overpopulated world is better not to think — says Dr. Donald DePaolo of the University of California. — What will happen — would happen. But not for the fact that in the next million years. A smaller disasters complete end of the world will not get any. They are even useful on a global scale. Since regulate conditions of the habitat. And most importantly, temperature.

The whole point, according to geochemists, in the cycle of carbon dioxide, from which there is a greenhouse effect and warm atmosphere. It seems to be billions of years it had accumulated so much that can be poisoned by fumes. However, the same is not mad. Because it rains, hurricanes turn it into a liquid carbon dioxide. That reacts with the minerals, forming limestone, which are washed into the oceans and deposited on the bottom. Thus carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. Next, due to the movement of tectonic plates sediments penetrate to the depths where the melt.

Carbon dioxide is released and then "injected" into the atmosphere during volcanic eruptions.

— If volcanoes are no longer added to the atmosphere of carbon dioxide, — says DePaolo — Earth will turn into a frozen snowball.

And what about the people? The main thing — do not overdo it on the part of the saturation of the atmosphere with carbon dioxide. Otherwise, the Earth will continue to withdraw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. And it threatens powerful hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes.

Svetlana and Vladimir Kuzin Lagovskiy

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