November 7, 2011 9:13
Prevention of superstitious and partly therapeutic agents is still not lost its significance fire that is the subject of worship our ancestors.
The balance of belief in its healing and cleansing properties, interesting measure undertaken in some places against the spread of disease fever. When the house feverish patient of sex, on the valve, ignited splinters of fire through which pass all healthy.
In the case of a large epidemic in the village made public action: gather all the people on the street and, by way of primitive people, friction logs of timber, wipe the "holy fire" and divorced after a small fire go all healthy, and then transferred and patients.
The belief in the healing power of live fire was typical of many primitive peoples. In this case, the water treatment should be not to chat, just drawn from a spring, and the fire needs a new, not yet served for human needs.
More recently, this day, when there was a wipe "holy fire" in some places, the Cherepovets district was included in the number of holidays and was called "commandments." The procedure for obtaining fire occurred at a solemn ceremony. On the appointed day the peasants gathered on the street or on the village square, and brought the two dry logs, one laid on the ground, and the other to fasten the ends of the handle, like a saw, and rubbed on the first, as sawing wood. When one got tired, they were replaced others. Women sitting at home and waiting patiently for the holy fire to flood the oven, as getting it any other way — matches or blowing hot coals left in the zagnetke strictly prohibited and was disobedient threatened with severe punishment. After much effort, sometimes after hours 8 — 10, the fire was mined. From produced fire-folding "nazheg" and walked through it and jumped, and patients and infants were transferred to the hands. On the ritual in the process wiping holy fire in some places widowers may not participate.
This fire is also called wood, wood or live fire, and frequent use in the treatment of an illness, it turns rubbing two pieces of wood.
Varies more oak and aspen fire. First grade fire healers used in humans, and the other for the treatment of livestock.
So wooden fire kicked out of the house sometimes fever, throwing it in front of the windows, and after the fire, the same recovered from fever to finally clear it from the disease.
These properties are not only the living fire, and the steam from the water, which it is boiled. So steam treated for damage, fever, fever and other diseases.
Semblance of a real fire, and the fire is cut out of flint. This fire is treated mainly by "briefing" or "flying fire" — and other herpetic rash on his face. The secret in this case is to cut out the spark came necessarily focus of each eruption.
Somewhat different treatment is "flying detachment" fire in the Penza district. During the morning and evening sunsets mother or other female relative patient takes 12 splinters and binds them into a single beam. Lighted, brings them to the patient's face and splashed it over the fire with water, saying, "Seki, Seki, fire briefing, transfer it to the servant of God to splinter." This "prisekanie" flying detachment must take place 12 dawns, 6 morning and 6 evening, though in perfect secrecy.
Sometimes the treatment ognika, instead of fire, use only enough pomelo, which disperse the heat in the oven, before sazhaniem breads. Hot pomelo applied to affected area three times and say: "Fire, fire, take your ognik."
In some cases, treated with fire and mug: it "burned." To do this, take a handful of manners, pluck a few fibers and, uttering a special kind of conspiracy, light over the place affected with erysipelas.
As an expression of fire destroying properties, in some places the custom to burn clothing with the patient and throw in the oven flushing molded clay images of the part of the body to which the disease.
An old tried and tested method against epidemics
Most people in the world today live in cities, so the speed of the spread of diseases including transport communications is ultra. Protection against epidemics in cities is almost impossible, but for those who live in the villages can use the following protection against epidemics, the public, and is called "Opahivanie".
The essence of it is to carry a magic line, which should not be extended to cross and epidemic disease. This trait is carried plow or roe, which harness the young girl or widow. Sometimes, therefore, at the beginning of the epidemic, some isolated house where the disease has appeared, or outlines a whole village to keep the disease from neighboring villages. In this case, if the disease has already appeared in the village, the patients are left below the house, and become as it were outside the magic circle.
Opahivanie always performed with the famous ceremonial. Sometimes deer, in the direction of the sun, driven by 12 girls, and sometimes do so only two women, or widows and spinsters.
Participants ceremony should be in white shirts, with her hair, without scarves and belts, and now and then they undress and naked.
It is remarkable that in this latter case, although the ceremonial all-female, it sometimes take part and men. Opahivanie is usually a plow, sometimes in conjunction with a harrow and takes place in a big secret, at night or early in the morning, at dawn, in silence or with songs that were placed in this case. Sometimes, in order to drive as far as possible contagious disease, participants in the ceremony in the air waving tongs, pokers, brooms and other tools womanish.
"When was the last cholera epidemic — describes a ceremonial one of our employees Kaluga — flashed the news that cholera" goes ", farmers gathered the entire village and began to consult how to protect themselves from the disease.
There were people who reported opahivanie as a means practiced in ancient times. Means it was accepted by all society.
At midnight came the women and girls, in their shirts, not belted, bareheaded and barefoot. The choice fell on opahivanie produce the most senior widow. She put on a collar and soshnoy harnessed to a plow. Another widow, a younger, harnessed to the harrow. Everything is ready. One of the women explained the audience that once when they envy opahivaniya cholera, must throw everything — plow and harrow, run towards cholera, catch her and beat. Anyone who did not meet — is cholera. If you meet the pop, then pop to spare, because cholera is often transformed into it to avoid death.
After the instruction, the widow moves off and loud, heart-rending voice breaks into song:
We go, we carry
And the plow and harrow
We plow and harrow
You, cholera, beard turned aside.
We do not sow the ground in the face
And do not give birth to a seed.
Song sung all those present, without a break, all the while opahivaniya, repeating it three times and making at all intersections along the way on the ground, crosses.
Sometimes opahivaniya ceremony takes explicitly religious. In such cases, one of the women is ahead of the procession with a wax candle, and sometimes attempts to reach this goal the candlestick out of the church. Chanted verses while also taking religious connotation.
We are not angels, archangels, we apostles, sent from heaven, Marvel saw the miracle heard (etc.)
G. Popov (from the book People household medicine)