More than three centuries of hills covered with legends in the English county of Yorkshire, which are called "Gates of Hell", served as a place for punishment. Using the latest techniques, the two women who devote archeology uncovered the terrible secrets of the hill.
Surviving the Bronze Age burial mounds Volkington Wold (Walkington Wold), which are located on the east Yorkshire, is still popular in the British Isles. Among rural youth There is tradition — spend the night in the notorious hills. A sort of test for courage. It should be here soon to hit the spade into the ground, as the light of day there are weapons, jewelry and human bones. It looks like there was a hidden treasure, who was guarding a fire-breathing dragon. But where are the treasures that were trying to steal the poor, whose bones are buried here?
Since the beginning of the last century, these hills are known as "Hell's Gate" — «gates to the underworld." Entrance to hell, which is guarded by demons. Archaeological excavations undertaken in the late sixties of the last century, few have contributed to scientific explanation, what is it in reality . Among the remains of the Bronze Age, archaeologists have found about a dozen skeletons, ten of which were without a head, dating a much later time. "Place of the massacre," said some. "Place for public execution", whispered the other. esoterica of the New Age seriously believed that this place is connected with sacrifice and prepared in accordance with the Celtic ritual decapitation.
Truth was worse than legend. Thanks to a completely new method of analysis of the remains of two women, archaeologists managed to clarify the issue of the dead, "gate of hell." Foot of the hill are the remains of dangerous criminals, whose bodies were beheaded and buried hastily, and put their heads on poles at the roadside.
Modern scientific methods allowed Headley Down (Dawn Hadley) from Sheffield University and her colleague Joe Bakberri (Jo Buckberry) from the University of Bradford to determine the age, sex, cause and circumstances of death of 13 dead. Radiocarbon analysis by experts at Oxford, initially surprising. For three centuries the hills served as a place of execution, according to its website "Spiegel". Oldest remains date back to the very latest 7th, the earliest of the 8th century. The youngest are 10-th century.
The analysis has led scientists floors executed to the conclusion that all the dead were men. Originally an elegant skeleton was the remains of a woman, but later came to the conclusion — it belonged to the young man. "We certainly do not know whether the women while committing less crime than men," — says Dawn Hadley, commenting on the findings. At least, while women hardly executed in this way in other places in the UK.
Joe Bakberri draws attention to the brutality with which the ancient butchers do his bloody deeds. No one in those days could not hope for a quick death with one blow of his sword. Burrs left in the grounds of the three or four skulls come from a very severe shock weapons: an ax or a large ax.
One of the skulls belonging, apparently, a young man of 18 or 25 years old, has traces of at least three powerful blows to the head. The position of the bones show that the prisoner had to pull his chin far forward on his chest. None of the three attacks was fatal. Perhaps only a fourth of the head from the neck.
Two other criminals cut up her throat. At the front of the cervical vertebrae their skeletons are thin cuts from sharp weapons. While it is possible that these traces left after the death of the convicted person, when someone used a sharp blade to separate the head from the body. Recall that a special relationship to the head of the enemy dead was common among the Celts, both on the continent and in the islands. Grigory Bondarenko in his book about the daily life of the ancient Celts, notes that "in the head contains the life force of man, so the head can live any time and exist on its own." By the way, the heads of enemies were on their belts as trophies, indicating the high status of the warrior. A kind of "uniform" the ancestors of the Britons.
With heads, found in the hills of the "gates of hell", there were slightly different. Head is placed on the so-called "heafod stoccan", staves for the head, apparently to the traveler saw here dealt with lawbreakers. At eight of the 11 skulls found no lower jaw. This suggests that they have decayed before when they were buried. researchers explain this by the fact that the skin and the meat disappeared from the skull, jaw dropped, and then later a naked skull buried with other remains.
Category: Unexplained Phenomena