Forum "Baikal dialogue", which began in Ulan-Ude, identify ways of overcoming the conflict between the need to save the lake ecology and the need to address the problems of people living in the region, relieving techniques revealed contradictions in the legislation on natural resources and the protection of the lake, told RIA Novosti on Saturday, the organizing committee Forum.
The organizers of the five-day forum, which started on Friday, were the Committee on Natural Resources, Environment and Ecology of the State Duma, factional parliamentary group "Baikal", the Government and the People's Khural of Buryatia, the Fund for Protection of Lake Baikal (the founder of which — GC "Metropolis").
The forum involved deputies of all levels, representatives of regional legislative bodies of the Irkutsk region, Buryatia, and the Trans-Baikal region, enforcement authorities, Ministry of Natural Resources, the scientific community, environmental, and social organizations.
Organizers are planning to establish a permanent inter-regional discussion platform for the development and preparation of proposals for the preservation of Lake Baikal and the sustainable development of the Baikal region.
Head of Buryatia Vyacheslav Nagovitsyn highlighted major socio-economic problems of the region and pointed to the "growing conflict of interest between the need to conserve ecology of the lake and the need to solve the pressing problems the 3.5 million people living in the Baikal natural territory in the three subjects of the Federation."
According to him, the law "On the Protection of Lake Baikal", adopted in 1999, has significantly reduced the possibility of taking real action to reduce the negative impact on the lake. So, every year on Lake Baikal revealed a hundred illegal dumps, for which no one is responsible. This situation has been made possible because of the prohibition of building polygons in central ecological zone.
Bans on a number of activities in the central ecological zone of Baikal matters worse, sometimes leads to a paradox: it is impossible to promote such environmentally friendly modes of energy such as gas or electricity, said Nogovitsyn.
Irkutsk Region Governor Sergei Eroschenko stressed that the scientific and natural potential of the Baikal region deserves a higher attention from the federal government. The main obstacle to the development of the region is its weak energy and transport infrastructure, he said, and expressed the hope that the product of the "Baikal dialogue" will be a single target program of development of the Baikal region, since it is first necessary to improve the living conditions of its inhabitants.
Deputy DG, chapter board of trustees of the Fund for Protection of Lake Baikal Michael Slipenchuk stressed that the main task — to resolve the contradictions between the law "On the Protection of Lake Baikal" and the Water Code, and noted the need for the Water Doctrine.
State Duma deputy, deputy chairman of the Committee on Transport Sergei Ten expressed interest in working with colleagues from the Trans-Baikal region of Buryatia and transportation infrastructure, water and air transport, eco-tourism.
He also said that on 16 August, the Government of the Russian Federation Ministry of Russia has approved the developed federal program "Protection of Lake Baikal and the socio-economic development of the natural area for the period up to 2020." As part of its implementation by building and upgrading 62 wastewater facilities will be reduced by 70% flow into the lake of sewage pollution.
At the plenary session of the forum also discussed the problem of BPPM. State Duma deputy from Irkutsk Anton Romanov said that the work of the BPPM is a direct violation of the law on the protection of Lake Baikal. Director of the department of public policy and regulation in the field of environmental protection and ecological safety of Ministry of Russia Svetlana Yurmanova reported that their part MEP ready for dialogue and interaction. The ministry is made and approved by the Russian government action plan for BPPM. In the course of its implementation will be an environmental, technical and industrial plant audits, she said.
Forum participants developed a forum for debate and the principles adopted protocol. The Forum will continue its work in Buryatia until August 21. In his program — visiting areas of the Baikal natural territory.
Participants also attended the opening of the "Day of Baikal" at the central stadium of Ulan-Ude and environmental marathon — concert "Protecting the world Baikal", which was attended by Russian singer Oleg Gazmanov. The funds collected will be used for the improvement of recreational areas along the coast with an effective regular cleaning coastal areas of debris.