The new multi-purpose class destroyer Zumwalt (fiancé in honor of the control of Naval Operations Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt) is designed to attack ground surface, anti-aircraft and fire support from the sea. It will be 30 meters longer than current destroyers and almost twice as heavy, with all this will own area of radar visibility is 50 times smaller and carry only half the crew. Packed stem to stern with the latest radar technology, Stealth, devastating weapon and powerful engines, USS Zumwalt the last generation to be commissioned in the middle of 2016 and will, of course, more technologically sophisticated ship. In addition to the class of destroyers ArleighBurke (named after the South American Admiral Arleigh Burke) which is in service in the current time and is designed to protect aircraft carrier battle groups and the ship against massive missile attacks of the enemy, destroyer Zumwalt also focuses on land. He can, evading detection, move along the foreshore enemy and inflict deadly blows crisp, clear the way for landing marines kill or air defenses. It is a kind of marine ram, which is able to cause a spectacular defeat of the enemy's maritime borders.
Back in the 1990s, the South American military successfully conducted amphibious operations in Somalia and other countries. But since the coastal defense forces around the world have increased significantly, because control of the Navy United States has decided to build the Zumwalt with all the latest technologies. Destroyers classic designs make significant wave motion and just pinpoint radars. Unlike them, the sharp angles of the nose Zumwalt reduce its radar ESR (effective area of scattering) 50 times (on the radar it will be identical to the fishing boat) and cut through the water like a 200-meter-long spear, creating a small footprint and make the identification of the vessel by radar and satellite.
From the coastal zone Zumwalt can kill the enemy defenses at a distance of 72 miles (130 km). Dual 155-mm guns are controlled by computers command center and charged with GPS-guided missiles, which, according to experts of the Navy, more like a rocket than the artillery, as they are able to adjust the line of movement during the flight. The ship is also equipped with a battery of anti-aircraft missiles SM-2 missiles Tomahawk class "ship-earth "anti-aircraft missiles ESSM class"ship-air ", anti-submarine torpedoes, ASROC vertical launch — and it is distributed in 80 missile bays along the hull of the ship. Placement and design of compartments ensure that the missiles can not be disabled by a stroke of the enemy, and serve as an additional layer of protection.
Zumwalt produces more energy than is necessary. Unlike other ships of the Navy, it is equipped with 4 gas turbine generators, which in aggregate produce 78 megawatts of electricity — almost 10 times larger than the class destroyers ArleighBurke. Its twin 35-megawatt AC engines provide the highest speed of 30 knots and at 20 knots Zumwalt keeps three quarters of its own power (58 MW) for other systems. These systems — everything from fire trucks to protect the cargo hold, it is automated, which allows you to keep the team on the destroyer of only 148 people — as opposed to 276 for the ArleighBurke.
In spite of all his advancement, ship, but will have limited use. The nuclear threat from North Korea, Iran, Russia and China have shifted the strategic focus of the Navy in the last decade. As a result, the South American military in the slack current time about 60 percent of its naval forces in the Pacific. Zumwalt is not very suitable for this kind of war, and in times of shrinking budgets less sense is launching the newest destroyers, three billion dollars apiece, than, say, the introduction of various smallest and cheapest ships with the proven technology of weapons and defense.
But the ship still has to be a very valuable and fundamental. Although some conflict that occurs on the "open water", for example, in areas disputed islands in the South Pacific, is one of those with whom perfectly cope Zumwalt. The U.S. Navy also refers to the Strait of Hormuz, where tensions with Iran almost reached the boiling point. Nedavneshny Pentagon report advises the U.S. position in the Pacific more warships capable of conducting amphibious operations in the coastal zone. This is done to ensure the Marines stationed there appropriate materiel for a probable intervention. If the geopolitical actions calling for the implementation of certain attack scenarios, for example, on the nuclear facilities in North Korea or Iran, Zumwalt — this is the right method for the Yankees come without warning and open the way for the coming of the interior of the country.
Well, the most specific role the ship is likely to be an "incubator" for all the advanced military technology — a kind of exemplary destroyer of the XXI century. Zumwalt is the perfect platform for energy-intensive weapons systems, such as lasers and electric guns. And just as a change in the last decade of global threats and budget cuts led Zumwalt in disgrace, the development of geopolitical events, maybe reclaims his return to the throne.