The revival of the spirit of the Russian army? Interview

Review of the Semenov regiment in the Senate Square. 1909

December 12, 2012 Russian President Vladimir Putin in his own address to the Federal Assembly, said that the revival of the state of consciousness to link the historical era and come back to the realization of the truth that our home did not begin in 1917 or even in 1991, that "we have a single, unbroken thousand years of history, focusing on which we find the inner strength and sense of national development." Along with the revival of the historical memory of the "Second Russian War" (World War I), Putin offered to "revive the names of more famous regiments, military units, of past eras, and Russian, and more than later periods, such units as the Transfiguration, Semyonov shelf" . The Ministry of Defence has been entrusted to see this question.

I must say that a couple of years back the movement "People's Council" has sent an appeal to President "On the reconstruction of the Guards Oldest Acquisition Russian army — Transfiguration, Semenov and Izmailovo". The proposal was entirely logical, taking into account the fact that the Russian military traditions were almost all destroyed, and the king — forgotten. Defense Ministry responded that the currently valid legal and factual succession of military units of the Armed Forces of the Russian pre-revolutionary army regiments do not exist. According to the bureaucrats of the Ministry of Defense, it was that segodnyaschy Russian army has no relation to the Russian army, who became famous at Poltava, Rymnik, Kunersdorf, Borodino battle and defense of Sevastopol. A similar approach is very reminiscent principles of Russian liberals, who often repeat that segodnyaschy Our homeland has no historical continuity even with the Russian Union, not to mention Russian Russian empire or kingdom. According to them, segodnyaschy Our homeland and its army were made from scratch in 1991, the efforts of Messrs. Yeltsin, Grachev.

In addition, the Defense Ministry said that the transfer and assignment of noble titles disbanded military units, with no direct line of succession will not contribute to the development of military traditions and training in military sense of duty and pride in their military unit. Fascinating fact that Putin in his own speech, read the turnaround. We once again look, a kind of "political schizophrenia" in the ranks of the Russian ruling class. After all, "Serdyukovskaya" military reform at the beginning and has been focused on the almost complete destruction of the Russian military traditions, which were incompatible with the very idea of the army "evrostrandarta" comfortable, modern and small. Bureaucrats once again went on the example of the West, creating a kind of modern punitive expeditionary force (in the Russian consciousness of the army — it's constantly armed part of the people, sharpened his defense). Namely, that's why, in the process of reform have lost their historical names, many military units, including Kantemirovskaya and Taman Division.

Putin's proposal provoked a variety of responses. According to the views of some, offer to return the names of the more famous parts of past epochs provides a facade. And in the implementation of this idea, we get the situation "like the best, but it turned out as always", in other words to be made are not real combat units, and a kind of 'amusement shelves. "

In addition, there is a weight related issues. What other famous units will be recovered? Izmailovo Regiment? Lithuanian regiment? Absheron 81st Infantry Regiment? Caucasian Native "Wild Division"? Kornilov shock regiment? 1st Officer of General Markov regiment? With Russian connections will be even more difficult — in the years majestically Russian War were awarded the title of the Guard 11 combined armies, 6 tank divisions, 68 infantry, cavalry, armored and mechanized corps, 117 infantry divisions, 53 air divisions, etc. The issue also in the how these compounds will be incorporated into the existing structure of the troops?

Past Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, Army General supplies and member of the Military Council of Defense in an advisory Baluyevsky in an interview with "Izvestia", said their office for Semenov and Preobrazhensky regiments should be internal troops Ministry of Internal Affairs. According to the views of the general, after the reform of the Ministry of Defense Serdyukov's just not worthy of the sonorous name of the compounds. Thus, in the process of reform Serdyukov's army is no more regiments army ran across a three-level system management: operational command — brigade — a battalion. Not so long ago, it became clear that fighting ability and teams under the swing, because in their serious shortage of personnel, talking about the battalion tactical groups. Divisions and regiments were kept exclusively in the Airborne Troops Defense Ministry and Interior Ministry troops. From a formal point of view, they are not only useful for making exceptions, re-establishing divisions and regiments.

Past Deputy Minister of Defense, Chairman of the nationwide organization for veterans of the Armed Forces Viktor Ermakov said that the newly-formed regiments to be based in St. Petersburg, because of their historical predecessors in Moscow were only established, and then 200 years old located in the capital of the Russian Empire. At the Senate Square (Decembrists Square) on the one hand the former barracks of the Semenov regiment, on the other — Transfiguration. Ermakov even offered the parts that can be renamed: Defense Training Center (in the suburbs Sertolovo) and 138th Motor Rifle Brigade (in the village of Kamenka, near Vyborg).

Commander of the Airborne Forces, Lieutenant-General Vladimir Shamanov in an interview with "News" was modest and said that if there is a corresponding indication, it will be examined to find which parts are more worthy to wear historical names. According to him, worthy of not only just at the Airborne Forces, and in infantry, sailors and airmen. In the Navy managed to keep the division continuity.

Ostrozhen in the statements and the head of the press service of the Interior Troops Vasily Panchenko "We Preobrazhensky exclusively in this sense, but also in the fact that we save up the tradition." Specifically, in the internal troops have kept the memory of Felix Dzerzhinsky, associated with it separate orders of Lenin and the October Revolution Red Division operational designation of internal troops of the Interior Ministry (until 1994 was called the connection Separate Order of Lenin and the October Revolution Red Motorised division special purpose to them. Dzerzhinsky).

Back in 1992, had the idea to return the Transfiguration and the Semenov regiment on the basis of the Dzerzhinsky Division and make the place their home between the historic barracks metro stations "Transfiguration area" and "Semyonovskaya." But due to the fact that there were difficulties with the release of the buildings that were occupied by different municipal structures, the idea was never implemented.

President of the Academy of Military Sciences, told RIA Gareyev announcements that the honorable title of the Transfiguration and the Semenov regiment should get more distinguished themselves in recent years, the compound of the Russian army. In his view, make illustrious shelves can be based on the former 4th Guards Tank Division Kantemirovsky (now the 4th Separate Tank Brigade) and 2nd Guards Taman Motorized Rifle Division (today's 5th single Guards Motorized Rifle
Brigade).

Expressed his outlook and editor in chief of the newspaper "Cadet Brotherhood" Alexander Salih. According to him, the Transfiguration and create Semenov regiment in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation must be "completely from scratch", with the traditions laid down by Peter I, carried out in such a severe shelves, exemplary selection. The expert also said, and the need to take into account the traditions of Russian Guard, made in 1941.

However, it should be noted that the expert forgot or failed to mention that during the reign of Peter I guard replenished more nobles. Whom to select a new shelves at the current time? "Gilded youth" of St. Petersburg and Moscow? It is worth remembering, and that in the Semenov regiment selected only blondes in the Transfiguration — the biggest and blond, in Izmailovo — brunettes in Capital Regiment — reddish, etc.

Historical information. Life Guards Regiment of His Majesty. Is one of the oldest (old number formed in 1642 Butyrskiy Regiment and the 2nd Capital elective soldier regiment, the future Lefort Regiment) and one of the more elite guards regiments of the Russian Empire. The beginning of its existence began in 1691, when the governor Peter A. "amusing" ("Petrova Regiment"), which were located in the village of Transfiguration, formed a military unit. In the 1695-1696 years. Regiment received its baptism of fire — participated in the Azov campaigns. In 1698, the regiment received a 4-battalion structure, each battalion had 4 fuzelernyh (musketeer) mouth, not counting the one in the regiment were still bombing and the grenadier company. In 1700 he received the title — the Life Guards regiment. The regiment took part in all the major battles of the Russian-Swedish war of 1700-1721., Prut campaign in 1711 and the Persian campaign of 1722-1723. In the coming regiment took part in most significant military conflicts: the Russian-Turkish war of 1735-1739., Russian-Swedish war of 1741-1743 years., Russian-Swedish war of 1788-1790 years., In the wars against Napoleonic France, in Russian-Swedish War of 1808-1809., a Russian war of 1812 and in the foreign expedition of the Russian army. The regiment was noted at the time of palace coups, participating in the construction of the throne of Elizabeth. Preobrazhentsy waged war in the Russian-Turkish wars of the 19th century, crushed the revolt of the Poles in 1830 and 1863. Soldiers of the regiment fought bravely in the fields of the First World War (the second Russian war). One of the companies reserve battalion of the Preobrazhensky Regiment took part in the February revolution. In 1918, the Russian authorities have disbanded part. But part of the regiment took part in the civilian war. As part of white troops in southern Russia fought Hitters company in the 1st Pivot-Guards regiment, one company was part of the Combined Guards Battalion. For comparison, only the First World War officer killed 42-Hitters and plainclothes war killed 29 officers of the Preobrazhensky Regiment.

Life Guards Semenov regiment. Semenov regiment was formed immediately with the Transfiguration, his foundation were "amusing." The regiment received its baptism of fire in the Azov campaigns, took part in a number of fundamental operations of the Northern War: battle at Narva (1700), taking Noteburg (1702) Swedish boarding ships on the river. Neveu (1703), the capture of Narva and Ivangorod (1704); taking Jelgava (1705), battle in the Forest (1708) Battle of Poltava (1709), the capture of Vyborg (1710). During the battle of Narva Semenovtsi have the right to wear a reddish stockings: in memory of the fact that "in this battle they stood knee-deep in blood." The regiment participated in the Prut campaign (1711), the sea fight at Gangut, sea voyages in the Baltic Sea (1715-1720). One of the battalions of the regiment participated in the Persian campaign of Peter. In the coming regiment took part in a number of Russian-Turkish wars. For example, in 1737 Semenovtsi stormed Ochakov. Semenov regiment fought with the French troops in the campaigns of 1805-1807. In the battle of Borodino Semenovtsi participated in repelling the French cavalry attack on the center of the Russian position. In the campaign of 1813 fought at Lutzen, Bautzen, Kulm in the "Battle of the Nations" at Leipzig. In the campaign of 1814 the regiment came to Paris. In 1820, the regiment became famous for "rebellion" (so-called. "Semyonovskaya history"), caused by the errors of the regimental commander Gregory Schwartz. One of the companies refused to make orders. Its in full force sent to the fortress. The soldiers did not resist. Other companies have decided to support his comrades and claimed to release a company or send a fortress entire regiment. The whole regiment was directed to the fortress, there was no resistance. As a result, part of Semenovtsi subjected to corporal punishment, sent to prison, most were transferred to various army units. Of officers and lower ranks 1, 2 and 3 Grenadier divisions forming a new Semenov regiment, he was right young guard. In 1823 he was rehabilitated an old guard. In 1825 Semenovtsi took part in the suppression of the rebellion "Decembrists".

Then the regiment fought a war in the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829., The oppression of the Polish uprising of 1831 and the storming of Warsaw. In 1863, Semenov regiment was at war with the Polish insurgents, 1877-1878. — With the Turks. In 1905, the regiment was marked by the oppression of the December uprising in Moscow. After the First World War on the front were sent to the best forces regiment, and in the rear were only replacement battalions, which were engaged in the preparation of new recruits. At the front of the Semenov regiment was always at the forefront of the attack coming in, and covered the rear during the withdrawal. As a result, in 1915 the regiment had to be withdrawn for pereukomplektovanie, because the highest decline in the fighting. In connection with the demobilization of the army and the collapse by the end of 1917 almost completely disappeared and the main battle of the regiment. But in Petrograd environment of the reserve battalion was deployed 3-Guard battalion Semyonov Reserve Regiment. Later it was renamed the 3rd Regiment to protect Petrograd Uritsky, and after the Peace of Brest, in the third infantry regiment 2nd Brigade of the Petrograd special purpose. In 1919, during the coming Iudenich parts, of the regiment defected to the side of a snow-white. In addition, some Semenovtsi waged war on the side of a snow-white movement, and on the southern front in the war plainclothes 1st Pivot-Guards Voluntary army of Denikin.

Nicholas II lays a brick wall being built in the newest Semenov regiment barracks
A group of officers Semenov regiment with the regimental commander, Major-General of His Majesty suites Evgeny Novitsky (sits in the 3rd row of the cap) and stateliness Prince Boris Vladimirovich. 1910
Preobrazhensky, who bore guard duty at the Tauride Palace in 1917 year
Preobrazhensky on vacation between fights, 1914-17 years

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