How to avoid ethnic tensions
Immediately, I stress that in reality between the declared Russian security guarantees and a sense of human security — the distance of tremendous size. Moreover, here lies one of the major contradictions without resolving which can not be read on any results in this issue. It is justified not only low efficiency of municipal structures, and the nature of our mind-set. Research they say that the Russians are more valued first personal security and personal freedom. Thus, the value of personal safety during the survey indicated 52 percent of respondents, personal freedom — 27.
Monitoring bowed prepyadstviya those that are more typical for the Republic of Bashkortostan. They are (in descending order) look like this: the loss of jobs and means of livelihood, the disease is incurable illness, criminal violence, alcoholism, environmental disaster, man-made disasters, terrorism, extremism, corruption. In general, the country sequence of visual assessment of problems then looks as follows: the economic crisis, alcoholism and drug abuse, military threats, and corruption. In our region, the threat of corruption apparent reason or weaker than at the level of the entire Russian Federation. A military threat is generally not considered. In other words, it is also an impartial informing the public about these dilemmas.
The severe threat to many regions was migration. Adjustable, latent and spontaneous, affordable and real — as in Russia, and from her. According to sociologists, forever want to leave Russia 13 percent of the respondents (twice more than 10 years ago), 35 percent — only to leave for work. Overall, about 50 percent of Russians, for various reasons lusted to leave the country.
Actual migration in Russia, with its positive impact on the labor market and carries within itself the task. So, for the past 10 years, thousands of migrants from each there were more than half — 566 people. The emergence in different areas of large mass of visitors from outside Russia was reflected in inter-ethnic relations, the structure of the crime. Our study has allowed to establish a paradoxical situation. Against the backdrop of a seemingly effective work with crime in the middle of the population does not decreases, but on the contrary — grows a sense of vulnerability to possible criminal attacks.
The problem of inter-ethnic relations and attitudes towards migrants require a fast efficient solution. According to surveys by the Levada Center, at the end of 2010, 80 percent of Muscovites, for example, said that on this basis there is a tension in international relations. In general, the majority of the population of the Russian Federation celebrated the growth of such stress, and only 40 percent were that the level remains the same.
According to sociologists, 55.6 percent of respondents believe that ethnic conflicts are a great threat to Russia. And only 13 percent tend to believe that there is no such threat. 62.2 percent of respondents confirmed the idea ethnic conflicts could lead to the disintegration of the country.
World view that ethnic conflicts are provoked by local politicians and bureaucrats themselves, even belonging to different national groups are fully live peacefully divide the 51.1 percent of respondents. Alignment of provoking the conflict by the central authorities maintained 19 percent. If these numbers together, it turns out that most people are inclined to see the preconditions of ethnic conflicts in the actions of local and national political elite. In general, this gave Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in his article "Russia. National Question "(" Nezavisimaya Gazeta ", 23 January).
Entertaining such a fact. Researchers in our country believe that the collapse of the Soviet Union not only did not solve problems of government (which is made by one of the main organizers of the destruction of their own promises Russian Union), and has led to a narrowing of the ethnic areas of the peoples living in the country, first Russian. In a number of republics and then bends in public policy led to a violation of the rights of Russian. Paradoxically, but the fact is that the Russian population in different regions of the Russian Federation until now has different rights. Until next time, in some republics, including Bashkortostan, much has been said about the independence and benefits of life in the separately taken region allowed severe distortions in the formation and regulation of the state legislative and executive bodies. All this, of course, did not contribute to the harmonization of interethnic relations, the strengthening of human security. Seriously impacted by this situation and on the authority of local governments.
"When it comes about that in Russia, and in particular on the historical Russian territories violated Russian law, it states that the municipal structures do not make their own direct problems, do not protect the lives, rights and safety of people — wrote in his article Vladimir Putin. — And since most of the Russian people, it becomes possible to parasitize on the topic of state suppression Russian and clothe justified public protest in the most primitive, vulgar form of inter-ethnic strife. And right on every occasion to wail about the Russian fascism. "
Return the rule of law
All right. But, to the chagrin of bolshennomu such assessment of the actions of officials are already commonly, after the events, and not enough to have an impact on improving the efficiency, competence, authority, conflict resolution. Means necessary preventive measures, special training of officials, increasing their moral responsibility. Because at present more fundamental to maintain ethnic harmony are the definition of common national goals and values that unite and strengthen Russian civilization, the preparation of an order of the moral foundations of our society, civilization and cultural code, which are the dominant Russian language, culture, history, classic religious values and folk standards.
It is necessary to focus on all of our strength, including the strength of the RAS scientists and AVN. The only way to create and successfully implement the "Strategy of State Policy" new institutional, municipal and public mechanisms. And of course, along with the elimination of social disparities need injustice, especially corruption. Very fundamentally restore the rule of law, trust in government and public confidence in the country's ability to protect the safety and dignity of Russian citizens.
According caught not long ago in an accident on the ship "Concordia" Russians, Russian diplomats in contrast to their own foreign counterparts were inactive and appeared only when their help was not needed. To quote the 1st of the passengers: "There were people from completely forgotten of God, but their governments are so glad that they were saved, which sent them planes, were welcomed as heroes. They were immediately taken to the home. And we found no one needed. So creepy, when there is a struggle for life … We were saved, we were picked up. But then no one were needed, second-class citizens. I do not want to be a citizen
of more Russian Federation. "
Without a fundamental configuration government affairs to a person without an increase in the status and role of the citizen, the impact of civilian society on all spheres of public life seriously expect harsh results in the implementation of the proposed strategy public policies based on the civilian patriotism. We consider it our duty to make its own contribution to the scientific support of the prepyadstviya, planning within the regional branch of the Academy of Military Sciences to host the conference "Russian citizenship. The relationship between man, the country, society and the challenges of strengthening patriotism. "
How unfortunate it did not sound, the situation in the Russian education is also becoming obvious danger of national security. In August-September 2011 referendum showed 45 percent of the people of the Russian Federation are not satisfied with the existing system of education in the country. 37 percent of respondents believe that over the last year have worsened the quality of education. As you know, education, and science are responsible for economic, military, technological and other forms of security, which is impossible without ensuring training of qualified personnel, technologies and scientific developments. But in the near future, there are calls to reduce the number of higher education institutions, called the number — 150 schools, which are to remain in 1090. This kind of optimization already touched military education. Thus there is the theme tune to the needs of the current generation of reformed labor market, destroyed the economy and most importantly — the needs of today's home jobs.
The main hope of — the highest level of education of young people. Also important is the related lowest crime rates of antisocial behavior. After Putin's article there is hope for a radical change in educational policy. But these configurations, we have yet to achieve. As the Prime Minister said, people do not have to adjust to its proper structure of the economy and the labor market, to which we are called oligarchs, and the economy should become one, so that citizens with higher education and the highest demands could it find its rightful place.
It's time to come out of the Academy of Military Sciences, a pioneer of public discussion of problems of reorganization of military education. Create practical tips increasing role and importance of this sector in strengthening the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and state security. Education should be focused not only on the formation of Prof. properties, and the education of moral responsibility, spiritual properties of Russian troops and youth.
And the last. In the information area of in the last decade is the real war for the soul of man. Information technology used including Russian media manipulation in the web of Western intelligence services have become a real weapon of mass destruction, the object of which is to every man with his ideas about the world order and their own place in it, the standard of good and evil, honor and duty and justice. With the TV, the Web is programmed and changed the whole mindset and lifestyle, more and more of the people first youth exposed zombie, loses its ability to protect its national interests. And if you need a critical state intervention and immediate stop of all kinds of destructive activities in the spiritual realm, as our society has not passed a point of no return.
In our view, there is a need of creation of the municipality to coordinate activities in this area. This requires political will, a real municipal and public mechanisms to protect the public, spiritual, moral values and creating a world-view that strengthens Russian civilization. As for the AVN, the Academy should organize a special section on the development of measures to counteract the information war against Russia.
Eugene Minibaev, Bashkir regional branch manager of AMS, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Dr.
Ensuring international information security
We motivate the first military-political nuances of this very complex prepyadstviya. After all, it is, taking into account its ekspanentno growing importance and dynamics of world events, directly influences all that later transformed into the military potential of countries, blocs, alliances. That's why hard to overestimate the role of the Foreign Ministry in shaping the position of, the definition of the political and diplomatic process in this area, and the final outcomes. But stress is not the point.
The initiative of the Russian Federation
In principle, that our military, and it was the military scientists dubbed terms of goal setting, which should be determined as a result of political and diplomatic negotiations. This is the best way to ensure conditions for the solution of certain Professor of tasks that the military itself will be set for himself in this field.
Together with the only the military and political nuance full range of international information security can not be reduced. At the current time, these problems are acquired extraordinary relevance and discussions are at various venues. The problem of international information security (IIS), and information and communication technology (ICT) is seen by us as doctrinally triad threats of military, political, terrorist and criminal nature. More insecure of their information in the field of view aggressive implementation of ICT in the military-political purposes. Appropriate technologies can be uniformly transformed into a fundamentally new means of massive opposition, the object of which is now (as of this read Deputy Prime Minister, Chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission, Dmitry Rogozin) main infrastructure of the state.
Our homeland among the first to realize the existence of such threats, and in 1998 took the initiative (if this is not a lot of people read) statement on the international level, the issue of ensuring an inclusive IIB. We usually stand for the fact that the problem in the area of IIS and ICT that are global in nature, are not addressed privately, selfish, closed, and in the quite understandable and transparent discussion with the broad participation of the international community and with the connection of public-private partnerships. Now it is necessary to take into account the role of business in the development of the respective technologies and, frankly, accountability important parts of the Web, and other supporting structures of personal infrastructure companies, international corporations.
Quite successfully cooperation in this area is developing within the United Nations. About the effectiveness of such cooperation shown by the adoption by the General Assembly in for more than 10 years, Russian resolution "Developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security." Reading this document may be, will provide a variety of memories, but the main conclusion is the same. Presented Russian Federation resolution — a reflection of how contradictory approaches to the dilemma of international society. To find a common denominator here is very difficult. But if it is all the same to be groped, that, in our view, only on the basis of our document.
For example, the refreshed Russian draft adopted by the last session of the General Assembly of the United Nations, confirmed the contents of the legal mandate to be prepared in 2012 by a group of government professionals UN international information security. The competence of the group will include, namely, research and development of norms, rules and principles of responsible behavior of countries as confidence-building measures in the information space.
We came up with the idea of development of the Code of Conduct in the global information space, with which you can regulate the actions of countries in this field.
Let us be frank: w
hile not all countries support it. To provoke a broad international discussion of this problem, we have extended the joint initiative of the Russian Federation, China, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan — Draft rules of conduct in the respective field. For the same reason the Russian Federation has developed and introduced in September 2011 in Ekaterinburg (during the second meeting of the representatives of the countries concerned) the Convention on ensuring international information security. It takes into account all international services and requirements in this area. The implication is that the document will help to expand the discussion and unifying framework for the work in an appropriate manner.
Breakthroughs in promoting the idea of establishing an international system for information security in the full scale yet, unfortunately, no. There are some local successes. For example, in the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, June 2, 2011 came into force, the Agreement between the Governments of the countries — members of the SCO cooperation in the field of IIB. It was signed in 2009 during the summit in Yekaterinburg.
Many countries are in agreement with us that there is a need to develop the idea of the universal conventions on cybercrime. While in this area, there is only one convention (Budapest), which is flawed because it ignores a key concept for us — the country's sovereignty. As for the discussion of issues within the MIB international organizations and forums, the more heated debate, apparently, can turn around a couple of questions.
Namely, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at a meeting in Deauville identified significance of the theme of mental facilities and 3 November 2011 sent a letter to leaders of the countries — members of the "Eight" on the latest concepts and use of the results of creative activity in the global network.
The growth of interest in the issues related to this in the United States developed a draft law on the protection of American intellectual accessories on the Web. In accordance with it at least some member of the Net has virtually though what appeal rights holder to end services resource accused of piracy, and prevent interaction with him. Themselves acknowledge that under those rubber formulations can be tightened very nearly everything. This bill could not only badly affect the development of the Web as a business space, and supplies to be censorship. This, by the way, contrary to many tenets of the policy of the United States of America, defending completely uncontrolled freedom in social networks.
The second is the problem of exaggerated attention paid to the U.S. and its allies of the coming dilemma of human rights and main freedoms in the information space. The one-sidedness and bias of this approach were demonstrated South American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during the meeting of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the OSCE on December 6-7, 2011 in Vilnius. Then, for reasons unnecessary ideologized U.S. approach was not accepted by a number of documents on the problems of the web, which could prove to be worthless for us.
We believe the principal balance reflected in the documents of international issues of human rights and freedoms of the provisions on the inadmissibility of the use of information and communication technologies in order to interfere in the internal affairs of countries. Also, to the detriment of municipal sovereignty, national security, territorial integrity and security of society, moral principles, and disk imaging for disclosure of sensitive nature. Specifically, these considerations are guided in the process of activities at all sites, which I have mentioned. We believe we are of significance include the principle of non-use of the Web in the military-political, criminal and terrorist purposes.
Vorachivayas to the development of the United States said the new law on the protection of American intellectual accessories on the Web, wanted to point out that the move once again proves the validity of productions at the international level the issue of resource management of the Global Network. Because we support the position of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, providing internationalization control media web browsing and increase in the role of International Union of Telecommunications (International Telecommunication Union, ITU) — a good, credible and democratic organization.
Sergei Ryabkov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the salting