Large areas of smoke may reduce the number of animals, including rare and endangered, and will cause serious damage to nature reserves in Siberia, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia.
Abnormally hot and dry weather, which is the third month is held in the northern part of the subjects of the Siberian Federal District in Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk region, has led to severe forest fires are also raging in Tuva, Khakassia, and Yakutia. According to official data, the area affected by the fire, was more than 1.3 million hectares, according to environmental groups, the assessment lowered by ten times.
"Most other animals are killed medium size — squirrels, hares, sable. Murine hide in burrows and wait out the fire, large animals have time to leave. Naturally, lay eggs and die young," — said the deputy director of the Institute of Forest, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Shishikin whose words led fund.
According to the coordinator of WWF forest projects in the Altai-Sayan region, Alexander Bryukhanova, among the Siberian animals can suffer young northern forest deer, and a variety of birds of prey that live in the taiga forest zone. Fires also kicked out of the taiga bears to populated areas, which inevitably can lead to conflict with people.
"It is also important to understand how changing environmental conditions after the fire, and for how long. For example, the number of sable in the first two or three years after the fire is low, until it has herbage, and shall not increase mouselike then sable population to recover," — adds Shishikin.
According to the scientist, to feed squirrels and safety conditions after a fire in general be formed only after 20-30 years. At the same time, fresh fire (forest areas traversed by fire one or two years ago — Ed.) — Suitable habitat for ungulates, because there are a lot of quality food and little gnats.
According to the WWF, the most difficult situation with fires is emerging in the Central Siberian Reserve in the Krasnoyarsk region and the Upper Taz Sanctuary in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, where burn large taiga area.
"Passed the fire area in the spring and summer of this year, according to satellite monitoring of tens of thousands of hectares. Extinguishing fires in the area makes it difficult to the almost complete absence of roads and great distances from the major reserve locations of the forces and means of putting out fires" — note in the environmental organization.
According to weather forecasts in August, in the Krasnoyarsk region will remain hot weather, so the situation with forest fires and the situation on the water does not change.
As noted in the fund, many nature reserves, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks and fire fighting equipment has been received in fact for several years. The salary field inspectors in Russian reserves is 10-12 thousand rubles a month.
"Risking their lives and health, fighting fires and poachers, despite such a small salary, can only real patriots of the business, but the number of such people is decreasing every year," — added to the WWF.
According to experts of WWF, in some regions, the official statistics on fires understated 70-150 times.
Fire from the beginning of the year passed a huge area, the area of which, according to official data, is already 1 million hectares. However, according to the Russian Academy of Sciences, only in the Siberian taiga fire severity in 2012 for an attack in August reached several million hectares. WWF supports the view voiced by Greenpeace on July 31 that the official statistics on the area of the fire in the natural environment is understated for the country is at least ten times.
"The underestimation of the actual regions are burning leads to the fact that the state adequately funded as fire fighting and fire prevention. On funding for fire suppression in the environment in Russia expended about 10 times less than in Canada, and 30 times less than in the U.S. "- note in the environmental fund.
Environmentalists urge authorities promptly publish comprehensive statistics on forest, steppe and peat fires, including this space monitoring. Official data must contain not only the current data on the area of existing fires, numbers of lessons quantity and traversed the fire area from the beginning of the fire season. This will reduce the opportunity for fraud and under-fire area. In addition, WWF considers it necessary to strengthen the responsibility of government officials at all levels for the deliberate distortion of any information related to wildfires.