Today is a day of memory of Admiral Dmitry Nikolayevich Senyavin naval commander and diplomat
Dmitri Senyavin(6.8.1763-5.4.1831) was born in the village of Komlevo Borovsky district of the Kaluga region to the family of naval officers who started the service in the Navy back in the time of Peter. He graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg. In 1780, a graduate of Midshipman Senyavin participated in a voyage to Lisbon, the results of which command marked his "great zeal in the service." In 1782, he was sent first to the Azov flotilla, and then to the Black Sea Fleet. Senyavin participated in
The war of 1787-1791 with Turkey. become a school of combat experience Senyavina. During the trip to Varna Black Sea squadron only vigorous action saved the Senyavina flagship of death during the storm. The hold was already full of water, all prepared for death, but Dmitri Nikolayevich was able to organize the rescue work.
The following year, at the same Admiral's ship, he took part in the battle with the Turkish fleet at the island Fidonisi (now the Snake). Home Turks attack was aimed at the Russian avant-garde led by
Senyavin charged at the head of the armed vessels to act against the Turkish fleet, who helped the beleaguered. Senyavin successfully led a dangerous expedition into the sea, killing more than a dozen Turkish transportov.Byl awarded the Order of St.. George 4-th degree and St.. Vladimіra 4th degree.
In the sea
In 1796 Senyavin was promoted to Captain 1st rank and appointed commander of the 74-gun ship of the line "Saint Peter." On it, he went to the Mediterranean expedition Ushakov 1798-1799 gg. Undertaken
In 1804 Senyavina withdrew to the Baltic and was appointed commander of the port of Revel. Since the beginning of the war the anti-French coalition against Napoleon, Vice Admiral Senyavin Adriatic expedition led by the Baltic squadron of 1805-1807. Upon arrival to the Ionian Islands, he organized their defense, distracted forces of France with the Danube and the Crimean directions seized the strongholds of the French on the Dalmatian islands, freed from the occupation of Montenegro. In January 1806 Senyavin became commander of all Russian forces in the Mediterranean.
Even before the completion of the Adriatic expedition started a new war between Russia and Turkey, and Senyavin led the main force of his squadron moved from the base on the island of Corfu in the Aegean Sea with the task to block the Strait of Dardanelles. Skillful actions and landing ships of the squadron in March 1807 he won the Turkish island of Tenedos, near the Dardanelles and started a near blockade of the Strait. In May Senyavin came with a fierce battle with the Turkish fleet, forcing him to take refuge in the depths of loss Strait. And on June 19 at
Lesions on land and sea forced Turkey August 12, 1807 to sign a truce.
At the same time, Alexander I of
Unauthorized decision aroused strong dissatisfaction of Alexander I, and vice-admiral of three years has been returned to its former position of commander of a squadron of Revel, which was singed. During
Only in 1825, when ascended to the throne
remembered about the merits of a talented naval commander. The king appointed him as his adjutant-general, and then the commander of the Baltic Fleet, and in 1826 he was promoted to admiral, from December appointed a senator. The next year, following the victory of Russian-British-French squadron on the Turkish-Egyptian fleet at Navarino he was presented with diamond signs to the Order of St.. Alexander Nevsky. Dmitry died in 1831, his funeral took place solemnly, the Emperor organized a ceremonial burial in Dukhovskoy church of Alexander Nevsky Monastery and personally commanded the honorary escort of the Life Guards regiment.