Japan abandoned all efforts to combat the effects of the strongest earthquakes on record. Most concern is the state of the Japanese nuclear power plants, many of which have suffered. Environmentalists do not exclude the possibility of accidents and claim that at risk of potential radioactive release has several Russian cities.
The most terrible earthquake in recent history occurred in Japan on Friday morning. Magnitude quake reached 8.8 on the open Richter scale. As the Secretary General of the Cabinet Yukio Edano, the people must be prepared for aftershocks, and there is a threat of a new tsunami. The official assured that when night rescue operations still continue. But Prime Minister Naoto Kan, in his address to the nation called on the people to remain calm.
"We must have the spirit of cooperation in order to minimize the damage from the incident," — said the prime minister who this week called on to resign for receiving money from abroad.
According to the Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, the earthquake has shifted the Earth's axis by about 10 centimeters. It noted that the impact was much more significant than even in 2004 during the earthquake in Sumatra, when the axis shifted by 6 inches.
Brunt of the disaster took over Iwate Prefecture, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Chiba. After the first and the strongest push yet there were 30, but less power. Formed by the earthquake tsunami up to 10 meters. In Fukushima wave struck five miles into the coast. Hardest hit city of Sendai, where the water has covered residential district and the international airport. Also found are not two trains.
Destruction and wounded there and in Tokyo, where he collapsed in the center hall of public meetings "Kudan Kaikan". Massive power outage affected prefectures of Aomori, Akita, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, Yamagata and Niigata. No light left at least 4, 4 million homes. In the affected areas rose rail. Thousands of passengers stranded at airports, canceled 711 domestic flights. At Narita airport stranded 13,000 passengers, 10,000 — to Haneda Airport.
ITAR-TASS has not officially confirmed the death of 117 people, but, according to local media reports, the death toll in the hundreds. Only one Miyagi prefecture police found on the ocean shore to 300 dead bodies — victims of the tsunami. Self-Defense Forces are going to attract 300 aircraft and 40 vessels to participate in the rescue operation. And, Google has launched a website to help you find the victims.
Within a few hours the resource Person Finder turned over 10 thousand people. The site has been opened after the earthquake in Haiti in January of last year. It was also used during the disaster in Chile and New Zealand, where people could not contact each other directly. It helps people to find their loved ones. Those who are considered lost, it can tell your location.
The country is focused on the situation at the plant "Fukushima", where the earthquake ravaged large fire and one of the reactor cooling system refused. Authorities announced the evacuation of about two thousand inhabitants within 2 kilometers of the plant. Simultaneously, a team of rescuers defense forces had been ordered to urgently fly to the plant. As a result, the fire was extinguished. According to leading British scientists, a bomb threat of a nuclear reactor is not, but the danger of radiation contamination remains.
Minister of Economy and Industry Banri Kaieda did not rule out a small radiation leak at the nuclear power plant emergency in earthquake-affected Fukushima Prefecture, said Friday the agency Kyodo.
At nuclear power plants in Fukushima because of what happened on Friday earthquake was interrupted electricity for cooling the reactor. At the station, declared an emergency. General Secretary of the Government of Japan, Yukio Edano said the radiation leak is not, however, "must be prepared for the worst." Announced evacuation of people living within a radius of 3 to 10 kilometers from the plant.
Later the Tokyo Power Company (Tokyo Electric Power Company, TEPCO) reported increased levels of radiation inside the building the power plant. According to TEPCO, increase observed in the turbine building of the first reactor plant.
As reported by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Washington has sent to Japan with the cooling load of the materials for the plant. Later, there were reports that the cooling system of the reactor resumed pumping of water and the situation is under control.
Hungarian Aladar Stolmar nuclear engineer, who visited earlier Japanese nuclear power plant, said gazeteVZGLYaD that the problem is due to a problem with the power supply. "In one of the six reactors did not start the generator. This means that the cooling system or not, or has ceased completely. I think that there will be trying to hold electricity from other plants "- suggested the expert.
According Stolmara, radiation leaks can occur in just one or two days. "This will happen if the professionals did not manage to cool the reactors. I do not think it came to that. The problem with the wiring of electrical networks, is likely to be resolved, "- he said.
Even if there is some kind of leak, according Stolmara, it will not do serious damage to the environment. "In Chernobyl facilities were open. In Japan, all of the reactors sealed. If we manage to establish cooling, no danger at all, "- said the expert.
However, the Russian branch of "Greenpeace" fear excesses. "It all depends on the wind direction, but if there is a serious will release at a nuclear power, it certainly can all fly to Russia", — said the director of the program, "Greenpeace Russia" Ivan Block, recalling that the explosion at Chernobyl was affected at all the entire Northern Hemisphere.
The expert said that in the past at Japanese nuclear power plants had problems. Many of them, he said, the administration kept from the public cracks in the walls of the reactors. "So, now in the zone of potential risk are Khabarovsk, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and Vladivostok — quoted Blokov Greenpeace website. — No nuclear facility is safe from a major accident. If even in a safe and disciplined country like Japan, nuclear power is not designed to completely predictable (though not very often) an earthquake of such power. "
Another fire occurred at other plants — "Onagawa". Over the station until the end of the day was visible white smoke. Other stations, according to local press, working in normal mode, the release of radiation is not fixed. Japan has 16 nuclear power plants, there are 54 commercial nuclear reactors and two experimental. According to the number of nuclear reactors, Japan is the third largest in the world after the U.S. and France. Now the Japanese nuclear power plants are used only by 60% due to a temporary shutdown of the facilities for inspections after a series of scandals to security.
In these circumstances, the Federal Service instructed to strengthen the supervision of radiation safety of the population in the Far East, the chief sanitary doctor Gennady Onishchenko, Russia.
Note that the earthquake and tsunami did not cause serious consequences for Russia. Immediately after the disaster for the four villages of the three districts of the Sakhalin area — Yuzhno-Kuril, Kuril and Northern Kuril — was declared an alarm. The earthquake was felt only in the Kuril island of Kunashir, which recorded the force pushes up to 5.
Six years ago, at the request of the President of Russia after the devastating tsunami in Southeast Asia began work on the Far East, an early warning system for tsunamis, which ended last year. On Friday, she successfully worked in practice. To alert took 9 minutes and 11 thousand people left the dangerous time zone.
To provide emergency assistance to Japan expressed willingness to about 30 countries and the UN. One of the first was Russia. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev sent his condolences to Naoto Kan. "Russia is ready to provide the necessary assistance to Japan in overcoming the consequences of the tragedy," — said Medvedev.
A similar proposal to Japan asked the United States. Possible relief operations in the area of the West Coast, they sent at least one patrol boat and several aircraft. Another Navy aircraft carrier crew ready to connect "Ronald Reagan", which is located in the Western Pacific.