Yuri Knorozov — amazing people and challenging fate. Unfortunately, not without Russian sins, he was awarded the State Prize of the USSR and the Knight of the highest awards to Mexico, but he died in the 99th year in oblivion. An employee of the famous Leningrad Institute of the Maclay, many years it was "restricted to travel abroad" and are neither in Mexico nor in Guatemala or Belize or El Salvador or Honduras — but in their territory and settled the Mayan empire. But in the quiet of his office was he deciphered the mysterious Mayan writings and established a whole world scientific school where the fiddle, and now play the Russians.
Predicted whether Knorozov end of the world? For myself — yes. The fact is that, according to the canons of Marxism, such characters as the Maya, the stage of development of the class correspond to the state. However, in one of the works of Engels stated: "The Mayas" state was not. "Thus, in Soviet times Knorozova could easily blame the revision of Marxism. That would be true at the time the end of the world.
But back to the fact that by now recognized worldwide Knorozova techniques can be deciphered in the Mayan calendar. "News on Saturday," met with two people who study the Mayan culture. So what are the keys left us Knorozov?
On the shelves of the cabinet has mixed many Native American cultures: the Aymara, the Aztecs, and of course, the Mayans. The meaning of macabre symbolism, which is filled room, explains Knorozova disciple of the great and world-renowned scientist epigraphist Galina Ershov, which we hardly caught in Moscow between regular trips to Mexico and Guatemala. So is there any point in the Mayan calendar?
— Absolutely. Here we go from the constellation of Jaguar and moves to the monkey.
— That is, 21 December, 23 December, when it will end the constellation …
— Constellation … Jaguar, the sun starts to enter the constellation of the Monkey. The vernal equinox. Everything. It's a wonderful event.
Coming to an end of the world? Why, after reading Knorozova, another end of the world in his book "Underground" predicts fashion writer Dmitry Gluhovskij now?
— If there were no demand, interest, people would not want to savor, to represent the end of the world, there would be so many films, pseudo-scientific articles. We want to talk about it. Because we like to fantasize about it, to represent, to proclaim the end of the world.
However, the end of the world Gluhovskij unsubscribe to 2033 and as a result of a nuclear apocalypse. And here is the prologue to his other acclaimed book, "Twilight", in fact, was the film "Apocalypse" Mel Gibson. In the film about the Mayan civilization before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors has it all: brutal wars with neighboring tribes, as scientists believe, exaggerated Gibson human sacrifice and mysterious mystical rituals. However, the Indians pushed away no not the end of the world. For the light of luminaries contrary, they were attending.
Experienced astronomers so amazingly accurately positioned on celestial coordinates their pyramids, Mayan, however, did not predict even the end of his world: namely, the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.
The already famous Mayan calendar supposedly predicted the us up to December this year, found no yesterday and no one year ago, or even ten. He was found as early as the 58th highest in the narrow panel in the town of Tortuguero in the state of Tabasco. Investigated the same in the 70s. Calendar describes the 13 major cycles and ends with the end of cycle 13, but nothing strange in this. Galina Ershov explains why.
— It's not a pretty record Maya. This is just the end of cycle 13. That's all. That is, the tenant outlined some of his astronomical calculations to show how every official nuzhnost superiors. And it was a very important step for them. That is, they justify themselves, their existence, and at the same time bragged about how they can count on. And show off than it was. Because really, at this date it is proposed that when it's this date, Mars will begin reversed motion. And you imagine Mars goes, then makes a loop, and then moves on.
This is the same for myself and found out Gluhovskij when, as in Guatemala, wrote the book "Twilight".
— In contrast to the Scandinavian civilization, Catholicism and other faiths Maya never never predicted end of the world. Their calendar is cyclical, and at the end of the cycle is to begin next.
Then why now the idea that the Mayan calendar is cut off the end of December? Galina Yershov thinks it's from lack of education.
— This is from ignorance. People are also difficult to teach the country, read a textbook, to strain to see something. All digging in the online dump.
Rummage us. That will bring with it December? It's okay. The frame of reference of the Maya begins with the year 3114 BC, and continues 13 baktun — this five-odd thousand years. The end of this great cycle does not mean anything else, as the beginning of a new, exactly the same cycle in the same calendar. Simply put, there will be an easy transition to the vernal equinox in the constellation of the Jaguar in the constellation of the Monkey, in our opinion — from Pisces to Aquarius, explains Ershov.
— People are that the Mayan calendar — it's diary: I bought a year, finished the last page, broke — and ended the calendar. This is a complete nonsense. Go out and buy the next one. The following year diary. Similarly, Maya. They have not finished the calculations calendar. Moreover, it is not the first, not the most distant date of their calculations. They have the numbers, which are written with sixteen zeros. So if we talk about the end of the world, is due to these millions, I can not even pronounce these numbers.