December 17, 2012 5:49
The excavations in the Sinai desert in Egypt, found the fort, built of mud bricks and shells, which can be the key to open a network of fortifications that were built on the northern borders of the pharaohs of Egypt.
Archaeologists have discovered fortifications age about 3,500 years old, which in times of military tension could be placed a garrison of 50 thousand soldiers, and previously thought votive inscription of Karnak temple in Luxor can provide information on where to find other fort. But the discovery of this ancient fortified point of Tara in the once fertile area of Egypt where the arm of the Nile once flowed into the Mediterranean, gives the knowledge of where to start looking for these fortresses. Mohamad Abdul Maqsood (Mohamad Abdul Maqsoud), chief of archaeological research in the Nile Delta and Sinai said that a full investigation and excavation of military installations in Sinai pharaohs take 15 years, and he hopes that will be found and other forts.
"As we understand from the inscriptions of the temple of Karnak, in Tara had two fortresses, between which the Nile," said Abdul Maqsood: "During his three thousand years history of the Egyptian pharaohs frequently crossed the Sinai desert to attack the Hittites and other nations in the current Israeli , Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Iraq. The city was to protect Egypt as a gateway to the delta of the Nile, a kind of roadblock. If you wanted to cross the Nile, you had to ask permission to pass the bridge. "
Most Egyptian fortifications of this period were made of stone, which in the Sinai is not easy to get. So here Egyptians used seashells to strengthen clay adobe blocks that composed the fortress walls thickness of 15 and a height of 12 meters.
Fortress of Tara, called "Tell Hebua» (Tell Heboua), located 15 km from the place where he once fell into the sea arm of the Nile, near the modern settlement of Kantara. It was first used as a military base for the expulsion of the Hyksos, who occupied Egypt from 1620 to 1534 BC Their capital, Avaris, located nearby, in the Nile Delta.
"When the Egyptians liberated Egypt, there unfolded one of the most important military operations of Pharaoh Ahmose I», says Abdul Maqsood. Later, during the time of Ramses II, the fortress played an important role in military operations against the Hittites.
According Maksoud, adjacent to the fortress settlement lived about 30 thousand people, who waged an intense trade. "They sold very good wine, produced in the area. It was even mentioned in the inscriptions on the tomb Tutanhomona, "said the scientist.
Tutanhomona tomb discovery in the 20's of last century, with its rich treasures and mysterious "curse of the Pharaohs" has caused around the world an extraordinary surge of interest in Egyptology and around the Egyptian.