The collapse, which was the prerequisite of such a huge number of Robinson and Friday, faster Rodinokrusheniem should be called. These half-starved, had almost no money and possessions people were remnants of the Russian army of General Wrangel. 25,596 men, 1,153 ladies and 356 kids who did not want to surrender to the victorious Bolsheviks and gone into the unknown on the remains of the Black Sea fleet. Details of the disaster told "AIF" Alexei Grigoriev, Chairman of the descendants of Gallipoli.
After the earthquake of 1912, the frequent bombings during World War II and parking lots of different armies Gallipoli was in a deplorable condition. Therefore, in the city housed only the management of troops and a small part of the officers — who arrived together with their wives and kids. Main troops camped at 6 kilometers from the town.
Local residents cautiously watched the landing of such Zapyataev, continuity of armed men. Soon these safely dissipated. Arrived, just sitting, set about cleaning the town, the repair of an old, built by the Romans running water, sanitation, and other repair facilities. The number of Russian in a couple of times greater than the number of local residents. But they soon felt safe. During our stay in the Russian Gallipoli was only one case of robbery: fighter robbed and seriously wounded the Gallipoli dentists, but he was arrested, tried and punished severely. With the Greeks, the largest community of the town, things started to go through the Metropolitan Constantine, who provided the opportunity to serve in the only surviving church. At Christmas, the Greeks had a Christmas tree for kids with refreshments and gifts. The Turks were present at all the parades and ceremonies Russian. Renamed the head of the Russian troops of General Gallipoli Kutepov in Kutepov Pasha. It got to the point that appealed to him to resolve the dispute among themselves. Both are at least capable of harboring Russian families. Abundance of people not counting the Greeks and the Turks, Armenians and Jews added battalion of Senegalese riflemen — 800. Formally, the prefect of the town was a Greek, but in practice the power belonged to the French commandant — the battalion commander of the dark-skinned subjects euros ally. Senegalese — Sergei and Andrei, as they were called Russian — were cute, primitive people. Only the French attitude to our troops warily, refusing to name the Russian army on the other as refugees.
"Apartments" Family officers
Russian lived very timid. In one room housed several families. Those who have space for
billeting was not enough, his hands dug dugout or shacks built among the ruins of the split stones and rotting logs. Junker resettled in the most unexpected places. Technical regiment took caravanserai — a perennial with many building emerged during the earthquake cracks in the walls. Students Kornilovsky school rose to the post in a very damaged mosque. NIGHT MODE collapsed choirs killed two and wounded 52 cadets. Injuries then got 4 officers. Hospitals have taken a more preserved buildings, a huge tent. The most pressing issue was the power.
Rations issued by the French, reached almost 2 thousand calories — hard enough for healthy boys. By the way, it was later estimated that over the 10 months of life at Gallipoli powered Russian French authorities izderzhali about 17 million francs. Price products purchased from Wrangell to pay for government allies, was 69 million francs. Earnings were virtually impossible. Some, going on
many kilometers from Gallipoli, brought firewood for sale. Someone handed learned to catch octopus — Russian themselves they are not eating, but selling local. At one point, the Greek prefect, as a guest of the General Kutepov, said: "For more than half a Russian living in our homes, eat only what is obtained in rations, around their homes harmless roam hundreds of chickens and other bird. I assure you that any other army would long since they had eaten. " Having seen the Turks, the Germans, the British and the French, the prefect knew what he had read.
Troops tortured fever, he had been ill with 1676 people, in other words, almost every tenth Russian. Only through the efforts of medical personnel at all mortality did not exceed 10%. He died of typhus Gen. Schiffner-Markiewicz, who had contracted while visiting patients. Soon added to this epidemic malaria. After all, the ground under the tent camp just started raining, transformed into a swamp. In periods of drought in the same tent, despite all preventive measures often climbed scorpions and poisonous snakes. Despite the severity of the criterion of residence in the unchanging hunger, all supported by military discipline. The apathy that has been experienced due to the disaster, evenly alternated hope. Almost all of this contributed to constant sports and parades. Particularly brilliant was a parade in February — on the occasion of the arrival of General Wrangel in July — on the occasion of the consecration of the monument to the Russian cemetery. Material for its construction were the stones brought every Russian who find themselves at the behest of rock in the Gallipoli.
In August 1921 began withdrawing troops. The officers and cadets slithered around the world … But everyone was leaving, taking heart in the words of General Kutepov "Close your story Gallipoli. And I can say, closed with honor. And remember, no work can not be humiliating if running a Russian officer. "