At the current time in Russia the development and implementation of high-precision weapons is the main level of artillery, tank and aircraft ammunition. At the level of infantry units to high-precision weapons include modern MANPADS and anti-tank systems. But the United States decided to go even further by making available high-precision conventional munitions Marines.
In the true time Ammunition 12.7 and 60 mm are doing on the field of battle a lot of different tasks. They can be used to destroy a huge number of targets on the ground, in the air and at sea. Technology that is used in a larger, established by ts arms, "compressed", in order to increment the accuracy, flexibility, and lethality using infantry weapons. Creation and implementation of such boeprpisov would fill the inequality that appears between the introduction of firearms on the one hand and rocket and artillery systems on the other. In the current system is being developed clear guidance directly to a 12.7-mm, and the adjustment of the line of motion of flight, air blasters blasting directional fragmentation able to transform the 40-mm grenade or 60-mm mortar shells into something new.
GPS-ammunition for mortars
In the current time of General Dynamics and BAE Systems have already made mine 81mm RCGM. This munition allows soldiers to conduct highly accurate fire from a vserasprostranennogo types of artillery weapons belonging to the platoon level, 81-mm infantry mortar.
Bimbo controlled mine RCGM is a standard British mine L41, curb South American fuze M734A1. But unlike ordinary ammunition, mines RCGM received the GPS receiver and managed aerodynamic plane RCFC, is the development by General Dynamics. Due to this, a precision munition can be recycled every 81-mm mine, which is one of more than a cheap ordnance. Introduction this kind of min able to reincarnate ordinary infantry platoon in a rather massive artillery unit.
For the first time in the history of the new artillery ammunition provides infantry units comparable to cheap and with all this is quite an effective tool. At the current time mortars are a cheap and most common species of artillery. At the same time, in contrast to similar caliber cannon artillery, mortars, a couple of times lighter, which makes them suitable for light infantry weapons. But they have their drawbacks — the need for long-zeroing, low accuracy, that the criteria of modern brief battle unacceptable.
At the same time, the mines RCGM-controlled GPS give soldiers the opportunity of destroying the target with one shot, or doing a long precision fire on enemy fortified point. This allows you to save ammunition, which, in the opinion-makers, can make up for the higher price of such mines. Application for the same purpose ATRA may not always be justified, moreover, even if we do not take into account the higher cost of anti-tank missiles, they are inferior to mine for a number of characteristics. Because of ATRA can be conducted only fire on targets in line of sight, while the mortar can hit targets on the cable line movement.
Even more promising is the introduction of the 60-mm guided munitions. These mortars are a better balance between portability and fire power. In September 2011, company Rheinmetall has launched a new family of munitions, which own exaggerated features of the terminal phase of the trajectory of the flight and are compatible with standard 60-mm mortar barrels. This family contains a high-explosive shells and training, the shells for making smoke screen, visible and infrared light. The company Rheinmetall they say that the new ammunition in particular quite good and can be used with barrel length 640-650-mm, which are often used by special units, as long shafts 895 and 1000 mm with a claimed range of shooting 4 km to 895 mm barrel.
Smart sniper rifles and ammunition to them
TrackingPoint U.S. company is preparing to introduce at CES 2013 mock their own computerized sniper complex PGF — Precision Guided Firearm. It is reported that this complex is based on the Linux operating system and has a Wi-Fi module. For the base of the design of the complex were collected 3 hunting rifles, including the .338 Lapua Magnum and .300 Winchester Magnum, which were equipped "smart" trigger and a telescopic sight.
To have a clear defeat of objects you need to find the sniper target through the telescopic sight and "mark" it with a special button. After that, the computer starts to track movement of the chosen target. When you press the trigger shot is not done once: in front of this computer goes into the battle mode and asks the shooter to manually adjust the sight. Gun will only after the crosshairs will coincide with the previously selected target.
It is reported that the interface of the optical sight of TrackingPoint like headaches or computer monitors military pilots. And through the use of Wi-Fi module sniper systems can be synchronized with tablets and other mobile devices. In addition, all information about the shooting is fixed on a special integrated drive. Precise timing of the complex itself sniper on the market are unknown, but its price is estimated at 17,000 U.S. dollars.
In addition, in the United States engaged in the development of managed caliber bullets 12.7 mm. So at the end of January 2012 a group of engineers from the State Laboratory of Sandia, located in New Mexico, showed a mock "drotikoobraznoy" bullet that has a laser guidance. The bullet is designed for use with small smoothbore gun, with a length of 102 mm. The laser sensor is located in the nose of the bullet, and placed on it stabilizers are activated by the electrical method and are able to put a bullet in the target at a distance of 2 km. This ammunition is more reminiscent of a combination of shells APFSDS (armor-piercing feathered) and ordinary bullets, and is most likely it uses a plastic tray.
At the current time the Americans have already carried out successful simulations and field tests of a new weapo
n. At this point in the Sandia Laboratories try to make cooperation with the industry to completion of the project and the progress of the weapon on the market. Spices conducted by Sandia simulation shows that the criteria for when an uncontrolled shot at a distance of 1000 meters might deviate from the target to the side for 9 yards, brand new bullet deflected by only 20 cm from the point of aim.
DARPA — management promising defense research at the present time has the same goal, working on the creation of ultra-precision weapons systems under the title Extreme Accuracy Tasked Ordnance — EXACTO. This example program is focused on increasing the efficiency of the use of snipers, reducing the effect of such causes as a side wind, motion and acceleration of the target. The developed system consists of a manageable 12.7-mm bullets, advanced sighting optics, software innovator control and guidance are also fully classic sniper rifle.
In September 2012 had to be finished work on the 2nd step of the application, which provides for detailed design, and Load test system and combat shooting out of it. The company's plans for 2012 and 2013 contain the creation and debugging of software control and guidance, integrating it into your computer, create a layout of optics. At the same time scheduled delivery of this demonstration system and evenly increasingly complex combat shooting, and shooting the final model.
Advanced high-speed 40-mm high-explosive shells
The company Rheinmetall has developed advanced high-speed 40-mm high-explosive shells HV HE / HEDP, stands for High Velocity High Explosive Cartridge. These shells are used proven patented propulsion device, which allows a very malehankih standard deviation of the initial speed, which leads to an increase in accuracy. Possessing the same initial velocity, such ammunition can be used with at least how the standard 40-mm automatic grenade launcher (AG) and the firing range at all it is 2200 meters.
After the laser range finder control box shows the automatic grenade launcher fire at the target, infrared programming unit reports to the IR beam about the right time of detonation projectile. When fired nezaglushaemy IR beam produces programming munition in flight, showing him the time of detonation, or how else they say, air detonation. It is reported that all medium-speed and high-explosive shells can be fitted with Rheinmetall pomehozashchishchennyh air blasting fuse.
After the end of the programming system for receiving data locked. In this case, if the ammo is not programmed, the fuse is triggered as electromechanical system point detonation. This ammunition is intended for use in urban areas and in the countryside, in the main under direct fire. It is reported that the 40-mm high-explosive HEDP able to punch up to 80-mm homogeneous armor. According to Franz von Stauffenberg, who is head of the division of the company Rheinmetall on 40-mm ammunition, no other product in the world is not able to do the same.
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