Russian physiologist Ivan Tarhanov, who made a great contribution to the study of the central nervous system and the processes of thinking, no doubt, that the brain keeps so many secrets, how many cells in it. And, of course, one of the most intriguing mysteries of the brain is lethargic.
Respiration, circulation, heartbeat so strongly depressed, it is difficult to determine the person is alive or dead. Not surprisingly, at a time when there was no recording equipment death, people immersed in the dream, believing dead, buried alive.
Chilling collection of cases in which the facts reflected a false death, burial, exhumation imaginary deceased and their subsequent long life, gathered the American writer Edgar Allan Poe. Gathered as preparations for future novels and short stories. The winners, along with the townsfolk who love all kinds of horror stories were scientists — psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists. We, in turn, use the fragments of the documentary heritage of Edgar Allan Poe, and the author of the book "The spirit and the body," Ivan Tarhanova that provided much of interest on the part of the phenomenon of so-called criminal lethargy.
Crypt resurrected teenagers
The fear of being buried alive is associated with the family Terley who lived at the beginning of the XIX century in the suburbs of Boston. This, of course, there were good reasons boil down to the fact that the children of a kind of Scottish immigrants and then fell into a lethargic sleep.
Younger Terley could sleep through a month or two. Those who dwelt in the "ossified immobility" up to six months or more, carried to the cemetery where left on a table in a special heated crypt. If the body is starting to decompose — interred. If not — allowed to lie down until the "resurrection."
About all these procedures Edgar Poe left remark: "The stubborn desire Terley bury their dead imaginary provoked hearings for bullying living. Terley cry for common sense jury, explaining that, as true Christians, they could not offend the departed soul to God, depriving the last refuge of the same body. " Terley justified, taking into account the situation of incessant mental trauma they suffered when one of them fell asleep in the literal sense of a dead sleep.
Especially pursued to attack members of a family by the name of Max. Maksov Terley, desperate to wake them up, even by hot irons to the soles of the feet, and buried until 1903. When witnesses were opened coffins, drawing from a shallow niche, after the crypt keeper, whose services are paid for by the mayor's office, he began to hear "the sounds of the underground" — moans, screams, thumps on the tree. Edgar Allan Poe, who participated in the exhumation of the two procedures, as is clear from his notes, most were shocked that the "resurrection" of Max, mentally, like, normal, accepted wander around cemeteries, rejecting the convenience of wealthy estates, preferred to spend the day and spend the night in crypts, assuring them that communicate with the dead, have a direct mediation with the dead alive mi ". It is doubtful, of course, that the mind Maksov remained normal. Let's try to figure it out on the example of the first to be resurrected Max, ordeals which were reflected in the writings of Edgar Allan Poe.
On the verge of death
In the spring of 1845 eleven-Max Terley contracted malaria. Adolescent well-being deteriorated so rapidly that within two days, Dr. Frey Rosenberg confirmed his death, demanding that because the disease is "highly infectious", the body immediately betrayed the ground. Relatives obeyed. But on the first night after the funeral, the parents of Max had a "synchronous sleep," as if their son, writhing and gasping in his grave, begs to avoid his real death, to run to the rescue.
And they ran, armed with torches and crowbars six neighbors, the farmers, led by the father of Alexander the teenager. Further, as evidenced by Edgar Allan Poe, from the plate distinctly heard whispers, sobs and knocks. The lifted the coffin lid deprived Terleya senior hopes. It was clear that the boy was desperate to get out, because it was lying on his side, his fists clenched tightly, obviously not in a position in which buried. The parents decided to move the child to the clinic of Dr. Rosenberg.
Frey Rosenberg said he made a mistake in the diagnosis of malaria that now he has no doubt that Max sleeps soundly sleep sleepwalking. Teen identified in the annex of the main farm house, putting him to supervise older sister Amy. A total of Max prior to his "cannibal ordeal" slept exactly four months. Then, as the words of Amy Terley sends Edgar Allan Poe, Max nights, with closed eyes, set off in the direction of the nearest biaxial graveyards. Parents have found that first before dawn Max wandered among the graves, and then walked home, went to bed. Surprised that no food and drink pretty boy gained weight.
Dr. Rosenberg, sincerely wanting to "awaken the Max for a full life," went to the strange from a medical point of view of the action. Undertook to cause artificial "concussion" by pouring in his throat opened bottle of whiskey. Ironically, helped. Max stopped sleeping during the day, helping with the housework, went to church. Day — people like everyone else. But only during the day …
"At night, — says Edgar Allan Poe — Max wandered, was a danger to others, even to family members who are not recognized." Frey Rosenberg, a physician who can not remain indifferent to the "lunatic brutality" teenager, doznatsya that lethargic, accompanied by symptoms of sleepwalking sleep fell on the family Terley after the epidemic of malaria.
Malaria in the first half of the last century were treated exclusively with quinine. Mr. Rosenberg, following the tradition, got hinnymi pills and infusions, start enjoying all of this during the Max "day of enlightenment of brains." Some shifts for the better immediately apparent — sometimes in the evening the boy fell asleep, like everyone else. How it all, waking up in the morning.
Science treats sleepwalking as a disorder of consciousness, in which, independently of the will and desire of the subject, "automatically" committed walk with your eyes closed, there are various forms of perversion and violence. It was also found that it often takes the "fusion" of sleepwalking with lethargic imaginary dream. Ivan Tarhanov, putting these pathologies in a row, did not treat teenagers Terley family as mentally balanced. Characterize their actions in the state of delusion is clear: "Max were not criminals, because they did not know what got up when an animal fingers like claws, digging up fresh graves, broken coffins, dead fingers torn by eating them. The last such teenager Max Terleya relatives defiled girl shot dead in 1903. After that Terley vanished from Boston, taking advantage of the legal right to change the name.
In summary we use the hypothesis of a modern scientist Andrew Belsky, studying criminal aspects of lethargic sleep, sleepwalking from the standpoint of genetics. He insists that in the cannibal "feast" of young Ter-leev meets a genetic fault that is transmitted by inheritance. In the case of the first Terleem Max, who became a cannibal, a genetic malfunction caused a severe form of malaria. And the bitter medicine of Dr. Rosenberg has nothing to do with it. According to Belsky, he was able to understand the mechanics of cannibalistic genetic malfunction. This means that the dreaded disease can be defeated.