January 9, 2012 8:19
The unusual discovery
In 1891, an employee of the museum Minusinskogo Dmitry Klements, anthropologist and ethnographer, got into exile in Siberia for the People's Will activities, organized an expedition to study the Northern Mongolia and Uryankhai edge. In early May, the researchers came to the village Kungurtug Tyva.
Having found the conductor D. Klements told him that he was going to move to the West. Locals to discourage Dmitry up this idea on the grounds that there, three hours away, there is a certain lake, which is guarded by menacing spirits. This information is very interested scientists, and already the next morning, giving up funky escort services, travelers headed in that direction, where we hoped to find a mysterious lake.
According to the memoirs D. Clemenza, about two-thirds of the way they have overcome quickly. When the lake had some two or three kilometers, the group started to have problems, though in fact an invisible force did not want to keep away outsiders to the secret place. So, one of the horses stumbled on a fallen cedar, broke her leg. D. friend Clemenza I. Shaidurov fell into a deep hole, camouflaged with bushes, and received numerous scratches and bruises. When the front through the sparse undergrowth appeared yellowish surface of the lake, loaded the horses stopped and any does not want to move on.
Then the researchers, leaving traction force along with provisions, came in low light, unattractive and many hills strewn shore. Before bold spirits stretched hazy mirror vast reservoir, the middle of which they saw an island, and on it — the ruins of a building.
That hide the muddy waters
In addition to detachment D. Clemenza, two more expeditions visited this amazing place that every time researchers touted new secrets and mysteries, the answer to that is not so far. In particular, the traveler Ferdinand Ossendowski heard from one of the Aboriginal legend, which is about to XVII century on the site of the lake was seared valley winds with a strengthened Chinese fortress in the center. Once the commander of the fortress of the local Lama insulted, and he cursed the inhabitants military settlement. On the same day in the valley began to beat underground springs, which in a few hours flooded the area, killing many soldiers of Emperor China.
This legend in the 80's of the last century, was confirmed in one of the hypotheses of Soviet scientists.
They suggested that the Tere-Khol has an artificial origin — about a thousand years ago in order to ensure the safety of the fortress erected by its creators militant Uighurs have flooded the valley.
Kungurtug village shamans, who consider themselves the guardians of the lake, from generation to generation the legend Lama Bachi — Amazing Elder, who lived as if at least five hundred years on Mount Kezhege to "fire a yurt." According to ancient legend, the elder Bachi guarded by the will of the spirits hidden in the bottom of the lake entrance to the underworld. Lama has wonderful abilities: to walk barefoot on the surface of the Tere-Khol, levitate and turn into a wolf, lynx, and sturgeon. Once at Bachi, meditating on the beach, attacked by the warriors of the tribe echikov. One of the attackers threatened the elder sword, and at the same moment Lama stretched hands to heaven: Hit the thunder, and after this the soldiers turned into blocks of stone, which immediately disappeared in the waters of the lake. Bachi himself, sorry militancy people went to the underworld. This legend echo sounder scan results and coastal areas of the lake bottom. Work took place in 1980 and confirmed the presence of the coastal ridge of rock, and mysterious holes, three kilometers from the island of Por-Bajin that when examining the bottom divers found it was not possible.
Secrets of the castle ruins
The ruins of the castle on the island of clay Por-Bajin for already hundreds of years are of interest of scientists. Citadel is a regular rectangle with a confusing maze of buildings resembling a Buddhist mandala (sacred schematic or design, used in Buddhist and Hindu religious practices).
Research of historians and archaeologists have shown that the fortress was built in the VIII century, the Uighurs, joined in time to his Kaganate south of Tuva and the Sayano-Altai. However, this conclusion is further no progress. At issue is still the destination of architectural buildings, the remains of which are preserved on the island. These buildings can be attributed to the palace complex, and to the temple.
In the 50 years of the XX century, members of the archaeological expedition discovered the island fragments of water — perhaps one of the oldest on the planet. Complex fortification walls were covered with intricate characters that are installed later had an important esoteric meaning and in many ways resembled the characters found in the ancient cities of the Maya civilization …. At the beginning of this millennium Irkutsk researcher Igor Vladimirovich Berdnikov speculated that the construction of the temple complex of Por-Bajin reproduced star chart, exactly mimicking the outlines zodiacal constellations. This led scientists to think that once was located on the island of the ancient observatory.
It is a fortress Por-Bajin the local population due to the tradition of underground tunnels, which you can get around the whole earth, and that, though, a huge treasure hidden rulers — the founders of the once-powerful Uighur Khanate. Indeed, in the last century in the study of the mysterious island archaeologists stumbled again piled on and dilapidated entrance to the dungeon, to get into that yet managed to anyone. According to scientists, the fortress was killed in the raid of the enemy in the middle of the XVIII century, and its inhabitants before his death managed to hide wealth in underground hiding places.
Gateway to Shambhala
Over the centuries, tribal elders who lived along the shores of Lake Tere-Khol, argued that the island are the northern gateway to the famous Shambhala. Local legends abound with reports of a mysterious stranger "in a beautiful shiny clothes," coming from the island, and people predict their fate, but also warns against reckless and risky behavior. Legend has it that until the middle of X century shamans who felt the approach of imminent death, there was a ceremony, when they got into the canoe and swam to the island forever.
Urynkhay in this case said that shamans are gone "in the shining world."
In the 1970-1980-s on the lake there was a fishing cooperative, which workers have been the witnesses of unexplained phenomena.
In the summer of 1981 the boat in which sat a fisherman Donzum Mongush-ool, in clear calm weather was seized suddenly emerged whirlpool. Within minutes, the fisherman brought to the island and, along with a wooden boat to throw in a dark cave, go deep into the Tere-Khol and half-filled with water. Suddenly, somewhere far away in the grotto dawned milky white light that is growing every second. Against the background of its radiance began to appear silhouettes that seem to hover in the air. At the same time an unknown force early draw fisherman inside the grotto.
Recovering himself, Donzum began feverishly working the oars, and soon emerged on the mirror smooth surface of the lake.
… Today hundreds of tourists every year come to the Tere-Khol, to admire the amazing beauty of this reserved space, touch to the rich history, distinctive traditions of the peoples of Central Asia and listen to dozens of myths and legends about the lake, giving rise to the great Siberian river Yenisei.