MiG-29K. Source: JSC RAC "MiG"
That it forms a new Russian Simulator by "MiG"
Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" was first introduced in India in the aerospace show "Aero India 2013" in the city of Bangalore, the new development that provides visualization of three-dimensional space zakabinnogo combat aircraft. It is called "complex real vision" and can be part of a specialized simulator combat use STBP-29, designed for training pilots of different versions of the MiG-29.
It is known that carrier aircraft pilots have to solve the problem of high complexity. First of all we are talking about planting a confined aircraft carrier deck, as well as maneuvering on it.
Testing of these problems on a real ship — a complex, expensive and unsafe thing. Of course, all learning on the simulator, but it is not always possible. The fact is that the vast majority of trainers form a "flat" picture of the environment. As a result, the pilot can not accurately estimate the distance to the object, which is crucial for developing complex maneuvers in the air.
By the way, such complex maneuvers required not only naval aviators. In the future, all combat aircraft the Indian Air Force will be equipped with in-flight refueling. At its execution pilots also need an accurate sense of the distance to the filling of the cone or rod. A similar need arises and when mining operations in dense clusters.
|Photo: Michael Khodarenok|
The specialists of the Russian Aircraft Corporation "MiG" attempted to expand the capabilities of the visualization and imagine the pilot zakabinnogo dimensional image space.
The fact that it failed, indicating the central exhibit RAC "MiG" at "Aero India 2013". This complex is a real vision, which creates a stereoscopic image of the air situation and the underlying surface using a computer-controlled projectors and special glasses.
The complex — cockpit, workplace instructor, a powerful computer system, combined with the projectors. The pilot works for special glasses, without which, as in 3D theaters, the picture does not look three-dimensional. The stereoscopic effect is clearly felt at a distance of 0.1 to 100 meters, which is important when refueling in the air, landing on the deck, flying in a group.
Experts RAC "MiG" emphasize that the artifact is both the simulator and research stand which solves real problems of designing various aircraft systems.
The complex is oriented to all aircraft of the MiG-29, however, the exhibition featured a version that focuses on naval fighter MiG-29K/KUB. By focusing on this machine, the developers of the complex realized that flying from the deck of an aircraft carrier in the near future will have to master and Indian, and Russian pilots parade.
RAC "MiG" was working on a set of real vision for a number of years working with the Moscow Aviation Institute — the industry's leading educational institution in Russia. Experimental model of the complex was first seen in 2011. At that time, he permitted us to study and work only refuel in the air. Nevertheless, it has an exceptionally highly appreciated by many pilots, noting that the system of three-dimensional imaging is an excellent tool for testing piloting tasks when flying short distances, such as in close formation flying and air refueling. Three-dimensional image allows the pilot to feel the exact flight conditions and distance. This tool would be very useful for the training of pilots carrying out such tasks.
The exhibition "Aero India 2013" Corporation "MiG" shows how complex is the industrial design that can simulate almost all the complex modes of flight in a fighter plane MiG-29K/KUB.
Test pilots RAC "MiG" gave positive feedback about the new complex. Among them, in particular, the chief pilot, Mikhail Belyaev. It was his crew in July 2012 for the first time in the history of the MiG-29KUB landed on an aircraft carrier "Vikramaditya".
Summary of those who tried out the complex, is: "We have experienced the illusion of real flight." One Flew said, "Carrying a virtual refueling, I caught myself thinking that I want to stick his hand out of the car and touch the charging cone."
Air Force General of India left the following entry in the visitors at the stand of the RAC "MiG": "The simulator is very friendly and gives a real sense of the world. This is the perfect platform for the training of pilots. "
And here's another entry Indian Air Force Pilot: "He flew 26 types of aircraft. The impression of the flight simulator MiG-29K — delight. This is a very good simulator. "
The Director of the Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation (FSMTC) Alexander Fomin said: "This is a unique thing, and we kind of beat to the point of believing that this simulator will be in great demand."
Complex real vision, which reproduces the stereo away from the eyes of pilots from 0.1 to 100 meters, provides the necessary depth to an image by performing in-flight refueling, formation flight, taxiing on the runway and the aircraft carrier deck, and creates a visual sense of height at planting aligned on runway.
Complex real vision has the following methodological research capabilities of aircraft flight dynamics and learning management crew aircraft:
- formation, selection and editing tasks for research or training of the crew;
- the job of the flight conditions: time of day, weather conditions, wind disturbance, the state of the runway and the aircraft carrier deck;
- conduct comprehensive research on the choice of handling characteristics and parameters of the control system;
- management and control of the crew in flight while performing the task;
- repeated testing of individual tasks and elements of the flight;
- maintaining records of flights to parse the actions of the crew;
- maintain a database for analysis and control of the level of fitness crews.
The composition of modeling complex:
- cabin complex;
- auxiliary cabin complex;
- visualization system;
- computer system;
- workplace research engineer (instructor);
Purpose Complex real vision
Simulation and research modes precise piloting, such as refueling, formation flying, landing, taxiing on the aircraft carrier deck.
Education and training of flight personnel in ground conditions to solve the complex problems associated with precise piloting modes:
- taxiing on the taxiways, runways and aircraft carrier deck, run-up, takeoff and climb in day and night conditions with the visual visibility runway and aircraft carrier deck, the adjacent areas, the horizon and the means of night launch aircraft MiG-29K;
- execution of refueling tankers from the MiG-29K and IL-78 visually at any time of the day and adverse weather conditions including wind effects (turbulence, constant and gradient wi
nd, wind shear);
- implementation of pre maneuver, the approach and landing on runways and aircraft carrier deck visually day and night and adverse weather conditions;
- elaboration of the action when the flight as a group.