The real history of Thanksgiving

On Thursday, the U.S. said Thanksgiving Day, which since 1941 is traditionally celebrated on the 4th Thursday of November. Few of our countrymen know that this holiday. We will try to remove the gap, the more of it that it will also in the next article.

First Thanksgiving. Artist Jan Lewis Jerome Ferris

Most Americans associate this holiday with a feast, which came alongside the happy Pilgrims and Indians. And it did happen — once.

The story began in 1614, when the band of English explorers sailed home to England on a ship filled with Indians from the village Patukset who were going to sell into slavery. British left behind smallpox destroyed almost all the Indians who managed to avoid capture. By the time the Pilgrims arrived at Massachusetts Bay they found only one living of the Indian named Squanto Patukseta, a slave who had been in England and knew their language. He taught them to grow corn and to fish, as well as the mediator between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe.

Meanwhile, in England, there were rumors of a paradise that can be found in the New World, and there whole ships knocked religious fanatics who were called Puritans. Finding no fences, they decided that the land is common property. With the accessions of other British settlers, they seized land, and the local Indians. Strong and young Indiansmade slaves, and the restkilled. However, the Pequot tribe did not agree to the terms of peace, brokered by Squanto, and start fighting. War with the Pequot was one of the bloodiest wars with the Indians.

In 1637, near the present town of Groton, Connecticut for the annual celebration of green crops were more than 700 men, women and children. Before dawn they were surrounded by English and Dutch mercenaries who ordered the Indians out of the general house. Those who left,shot or beaten with batons, and crazed with fear of women and childrenburned to deathwith the house. The next day the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared "Thanksgiving"Becausedestroyed 700 unarmed men, women and children.

Encouraged by their "victory", the brave colonists and their Indian allies attacked one village after another. Women and children over 14 were sold into slavery, and the rest were killed. Ports of New England always send a vessel which was up to 500 slaves. For scalps of Indians paid compensation to lead to death as many local residents.

After a particularly successful raid on the Pequot in the place which is now the town of Stamford in Massachusetts, the church announced a second "day of thanksgiving" to celebrate victory over the "wild barbarians." During the celebration in the streets kicking severed heads of Indians as footballs. This madness can not escape the Wampanoag tribe. Their leader cut off his head and placed it on a stake in Plymouth, Massachusetts, where it stood for 24 years.

Murder became more furious character, and after each successful massacre arranged days of thanksgiving. In the end, George Washington offered to celebrate Thanksgiving once a year, instead of celebrating each successful massacre. Later, during the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a national holiday — on the same day he ordered troops to oppose the dying of hunger Sioux Indians in Minnesota.

This story does not cause those obscure feelings that we experience from the picture, on which the Indians and Europeans sitting together and feast. But we need to know the real story, that it is never repeated.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: