At the end of XVIII century in the Vatican for the Polish King Stanislaw Poniatowski made a compilation of archival documents. Surprisingly, the Popes did not notice that Russia has long been under the Mongol-Tatar yoke! Or domination and really was not?
Russian Dad in letters divided into Catholics and Greek sects. Also one can see that Russia was then the Catholic bishops.
Seduction by Catholic
Since 1226 the Livonian Order was granted permission to take the missionaries coming to defend the Catholic faith and its propagation. In February 1227 sent a strange (if you stick to the point of view of the existence of the Mongol yoke) message from Pope Honorius III «to all the kings of Russia» (Universis regibus Russiae) with a message about sending legate for approval by the (Russian) in the Catholic faith, if they recognize their mistakes and will be ready to renounce them.
And in 1231, Pope Gregory IX wrote George, "Glorious King of Russia" (referring to Yuri Vsevolodovich!), And exhortation, and that he "refused and Ruthenian Greek customs, saved his soul and have introduced Christianity to the Latin rite."
George, aka Yuri Gromov, a 1219 Grand Prince of Vladimir, fought with the Bulgarians, founded Nizhny Novgorod, sent his son to reign in Novgorod, Ryazanians refused help when they rebelled against the "father" of Batu, and in 1238 he was killed in battle against him in the River City. What happens: not hear exhortations of the Pope to move to Catholicism and was killed by the Mongols? How can this be reconciled with each other? Or Mongol was later called Catholic yoke?
About marriages inoverkami
In 1232, Pope attended to in his letters of the Polish-Russian relations. He calls to ban marriages between Catholics and Russian, as husbands crisscross wives to Orthodoxy. He writes about the flight of peasants from Poland to Russia bans Polish archbishop resort during the war to help the Saracens, the Ruthenians "and other enemies of the Catholic faith." It sends a request that is useful to be moved to another archdiocese Galician city as Galicia is surrounded on all sides by the wrong tartar lituany and schismatics. "Tartar" in translation — "hellish people." It is so named either unbaptized local people, or the Germans, guided by his emperor more than the Pope. And then the letter says about the different benefits of the Dominican Order in Russia (in Russia).
Again the question arises: where is the Mongol yoke? In Russia, the active order (and not a wild horde) preachers, the Dominicans, and the Ruthenians (Rutheni) is equal to the Saracens, the enemies of Catholicism. So, the Russian princes asserted their rights to rule not Mongolian elders ails, prikochevavshie from the Gobi Desert, and the popes themselves?
August 1237 Pope combined the two orders, the Teutonic and the Sword, and told the Bishop of Riga, Dorpat and Ezelskogo adopting joint order under his special protection. Teutonic Order at the beginning of the XIII century moved from Palestine to Transylvania, and then to Poland to fight with the Russian. Even earlier, in 1226, Emperor Frederick II gave the authority the grandmaster of the Order Hermann von Salza win in Russian (later — Prussian) the earth, forever complaining to him and his successors and the Order of all the land, he will receive from Poland and who conquers himself.
And where is the Tartar invasion of Russia, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, filling, to modern history books, it is this time? Popes never mention a famous Russian children Mongols. They write in his letters about very different things. That is about to ordain bishops in the Russian principalities, then taking some land under the protection of St. Peter and the Pope, the clergy of sending the authorization spat with subservience to the Russian godless unbeaten terrible Tatars from Mongolia.
No less interesting and the message of Pope Innocent "Glorious John King of Russia" on its accession to the Catholic faith according to the request of John, for which it is directed to the papal legate, the Archbishop of Prussia and Estonia.
This message refers to 1246 and is credited with Innocent IV (1243-1254), but then the historical problem — no "glorious King John" at that time was not in Russia. But was this a hundred years later under Pope Innocent VI (1352-1362): a great prince of Moscow and Vladimir II John Meek (1326-1358), son of John Kalita.
Textbooks say that John II «being labeled the great reign of Khan", but it turns out, the label he has received from the Khan of Bata-chan, from the Vatican Bishop Innocent VI, and was not Orthodox, and Roman Catholic, and his father, Ivan Kalita , collector of the Russian land, too. And picking up his Kalita led by papal orders of chivalry, and the nomadic Mongolian herders had nothing to do with it?
That covered the Tatar Mongol yoke