- Beslan him "rest in peace"
After a decade long absence nephew decided to share with me the music hits, popular among his peers. I listened, smiled, thinking about what gifts Temychu selection of classical music, and suddenly, instead of the regular musical composition, I heard it.
Cartoon mocking voice carried some sort of heresy about school, about the special forces, about how students begin to shoot teachers … This is my theme naive, childish, smiling. I was speechless.
— Nastya, it's just a joke — Artem said distractedly.
— No, the subject is not a joke, it's a bad, bad record …
And because someone comes up with this for the kids, someone runs the nursery Wednesday, scoring their fledgling consciousness. What for?
At our next meeting I will tell Artem about Alexander Perov, a courageous man whose sacred mission was to save lives. On how he and his comrades laid down their heads, to rescue the hostages. From conversations with a personal example of the fathers, teachers, mentors begins the formation of the sons of the Fatherland.
OF A KIND STRELTSOV
Future Hero of Russia and Beslan was born in the town of Viljandi Estonian SSR in the family of Colonel Valentin Antonovich Perov, personnel officer, GRU, and Zoya Ivanovna, an economist at the city state bank.
Alexander — the second child in the family Perovs after the eldest son of Alexis, he came into the world prematurely — seven and a half months. Weighed 2,400 grams at growth forty five centimeters.
Genes kind Streltsova-Perovs — genes warriors, defenders of the winners. For several centuries the ancestors of Alexander Perov from generation to generation, carrying of military service. That Valentin Antonovich did not back down from a family pursuits, he served as chief of staff of intelligence. Is it any wonder that the older brother Alex, when the time came, I went to enroll in a military school in Peterhof, then stepped on the military path and Alexander.
- Genes kind Streltsova-feather? — Genes warriors, defenders of winners
Genes kind Streltsova-feather? — Genes warriors, defenders of winners
From an early age my father a lot of attention to the physical development of the sons, never missed an opportunity to do exercises with them. Sasha himself, without the help of a hike, push-ups on the floor, ran with his father along the river Sheksna.
The whole family traveled a lot. Arriving in Moscow, be sure to visit the Red Square, the Kremlin Armory. We studied the famous places of Nizhny Novgorod, where my mother was born, Zoya Ivanovna, which annually went to relatives on vacation.
Alexander Perov — Archer descendant in the tenth generation. Strelets army, created in the middle of the XVI century, for two and a half centuries, the maintenance of order within the Russian state, protected it from external enemies, conquer new lands.
Fletcher's shelves often rebelled against all kinds of oppression and deprivation. Served even Stepan Razin. Particularly severely dealt with them, Peter I. Several hundred archers who tried to return to the throne, Princess Sophia, were executed.
Fleeing the violence, the archers were running the Don, in Siberia, a remote village in the central part of Russia. The village bell-Kostroma region (today Mikhalenino Varnavinsky district of Nizhny Novgorod region) settled Perovs ancestor. Married, joined the peasant labor. In the village he was called Strel'tsov.
So it was that part of the genus Streltsova changed her last name. Great-grandmother of Alexander, Anna Afanasyevna insisted that some of their children and her husband gave her birth mother's maiden name — Perov. Great-grandfather of Andrew T. agreed with the will of his wife.
Military family … Perovs moved from town to town, but brought up Alexander Varnavinskoye land, the land of ancestors. Here, in the north of the Nizhny Novgorod region, he has grown up, here in the land of plenty, he kept coming back — relieving fatigue, breathe in the fresh, as if infused with the aroma of forests, air, and dipped into Vetluga. As a child, he was side by side with his father worked on the land, fished, and helped in the construction of a new home. The century-old house, keeper of tribal values — right there close by.
As a child, Alexander fled into the forest early in the morning, barely visible in the upper trails ran Vetluga, returning the river bank. When you get an impassable Covert, was diving with ravine into the river, swam impassable place and ran down.
Sporty, well-read, single-minded, responsible, maximalist by nature, he set himself around a high bar. Win, win. So it was in school, so it was in the sport, so was the service.
In the summer of 1977 Valentin Antonovich was transferred to serve in the city of Cherepovets. It was there, on the ground of Vologda, Sasha's childhood, and the first year of schooling, followed by Perov, Sr. moved to Moscow at the Military Academy named after MV Frunze — one of the most important and prestigious forges military personnel.
In the capital, Alexander went to secondary school number 47. At the same time, the parents began to attach it to the sport, giving the first son to school table tennis. Passes there for about a month, Alexander resolutely refused to ping-pong table. Then Valentin Antonovich gave it to the school martial arts, but Alexander and did not stay there long: the coach made yet mastered the techniques Perov fight with more experienced guys.
The family changed its address again in 1985, as Valentin Antonovich identified the apartment from the Academy, was on the Kashira highway. Therefore, in the fourth grade, Alexander went to a new school number 937 in a Nut-Borisov — the third in a row. Now it is named Hero.
During training, Sasha seriously interested in skiing: in the fifth grade, he first performed the standard adult category, and in subsequent years has repeatedly won prizes at competitions in Moscow, took part in the "Ski Track of Russia". In addition, following in the footsteps of his father, Alexander was fond of orienteering. Already an officer, he did not leave the sport and repeatedly became the winner of the competition at the championships of the FSB in skiing, orienteering biathlon and duty.
- Perov studied with great interest, and "excellent"
Perov studied with great interest, and "excellent"
While still in school, Perov, Jr. decided to become a soldier. Zoya Ivanovna urged his son to enter the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. (At its base was a school of Olympic reserve, where he was Alexander.) This supported her husband, son, proving that the prestige of the military in the country falls. Despite the position of the parents, Alexander was going to enroll in a military school and passing the exams for one five, was admitted to the Moscow Higher Combined-Arms Command School.
Perov studied with great interest, and as "excellent". In the spring of 1994 began to engage melee combat, first signing up to the club in the near of the school of civil institutions. Then in the school section appeared unarmed combat.
As recalled instructor Captain Stave, Sasha worked hard in the section and in a short time has achieved good results, entered the national team of the school and doing well in various competitions. In particular, the 1995 Moscow Championship clubs Perov took third place, losing only one fight.
In addition, he was still in the national team Ski School, defending his honor in various competitions, and was also involved in running, orienteering, shooting and other sports. Thanks to a comprehensive training in the championship of the Armed Forces of the pentathlon (running for eight kilometers, swimming fifty meters, firing a machine gun, gymnastics, obstacle course) Alexander Perov also took the prize.
"Komsomolskaya" DUBROVKA …
Shortly before the final exams, the school commission arrived from "Alpha". All candidates, and those accumulated fifteen people had to go through rigorous screening, which included heavy physical exam training: three-kilometer cross to what is prescribed in ten minutes, one hundred push-ups, pull-ups over twenty on the bar. And combat sparring with employee units.
Also conducted a test of three hundred questions, 90% of whom Alexander answered correctly — at crossing points in 75%. Thus, out of the fifteen volunteers in the "Alpha" was just one. After testing Sasha asked if he was ready to sacrifice their lives in the rescue of hostages. The answer was yes.
In 1996, after passing the state exam (only one four!) Perov was enrolled in an elite special forces unit. The service in the special forces anti-terror began for him as a junior police officer.
There were changes in his personal life: In 1999, Alexander married Jeanne Timoshino.
In the same year Perov was often travel to the North Caucasus, where he participated in complex operational and combat activities, has mastered mine-disruptive business. Co-workers gave him the nickname "Pooh". Funny, of course! With almost two-meter Alexander is in no way associated nickname.
During one of the trips, going for a job in Armor, Special Forces soldiers stepped on a land mine. Perov then severely shell-shocked, he was hard of hearing in one ear, although the parents so as not to upset them, saying that his ears hurt from target practice.
- Co-workers gave him the nickname "Pooh"
Co-workers gave him the nickname "Pooh"
After recovery, trips to the North Caucasus resumed. One of the operations in which Alexander was involved, was the fierce battle for the village of Komsomolsk. Perov had to cover their comrades. As a result of military forces in the village of Komsomolsk was almost completely destroyed by a gang warlord Ruslan Gelayev, numbering several hundred well-trained fighters.
In the midst of … golden autumn 2002 terrorists seized the theater on Dubrovka. Major Perov three days was not at home. Early in the morning of October 26 was held a combined assault on the building. Perov and five employees worked in the most difficult and dangerous part — in the auditorium, where about seven hundred men, under the threat of explosion 50-pound bomb, which was in the center of the room.
The group broke into the room of the basement, having done an explosion that carried Alexander Perov, a necessary passage. After destroying the terrorists and "suicide bombers", commandos began evacuation of the hostages, as help came much later. For forty minutes they endured women, men, kids …
When the threat of explosion and collapse of the building was over, there were the Emergency Situations Ministry, the police — and the evacuation continued.
For the "Nord-Ost" Major Perov was awarded the Order of Courage.
Ray of Hope
July and half of August 2004 for Alexander went to study hard, and the duty, of course, competition. He was promoted to the post, was appointed commander of the task force.
Deadlines, assigning the next rank of lieutenant colonel. Alexander would have received it in September at the age of twenty-nine years. At thirty-three years, could become a colonel, his father and brother. But … August 16th Division went to the North Caucasus.
Alexander at that time did not have to fly, from September 1, began studying at the Academy of the Federal Security Service. However, he offered to fly out with the others, as the commander of the task force. The staff were mostly young and not experienced. Perov, without hesitation, agreed and went to the tenth of his eight-year service in the "Alpha" trip.
- Three generations Perovs
Three generations Perovs
Ten days Perov task force acted in Ingushetia, working on the militants who attacked the city of Nazran.
And soon there was an event which, by its tragic had no parallel in the history of our time. September 1, 2004 a group of thugs, "Colonel Ortskhoeva" captured the number one school. During the three days of terrorists held in the building of 1,128 hostages — children, parents and teachers.
A total of drama in Beslan: 186 children and 148 adults deaths, injuring 728 Beslan and 55 uniformed personnel. The loss of the FSB special forces were ten people — seven of "Vympel" and three of "Alpha". Also killed two members of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and one local resident, who helped free the hostages.
All the terrorists were eliminated, one taken alive, was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment.
September 17, 2004, Shamil Basayev has publicly claimed responsibility for the attack in Beslan, issuing a statement on the website "Kavkaz-Center".
How does all this happen? ..
Group of Alexander Perov with all department to the middle of the day came from Khankala in Beslan. And immediately Perov, as one of the commanders, was given the task to identify places around the school for gunners, snipers, to equip them for the firing points. He saw how terrorists move freely within the school, mined the approaches to it. Fire was impossible, since in each of his slain terrorists threatened to kill fifty hostages.
The operation to free the hostages was scheduled for four o'clock in the morning on September 3. Some of the employees of "Alpha" and "Vympel" carefully rehearsed seizure of the school in the same building in a neighboring village.
In the evening on September 2 gunmen after visiting their former president of Ingushetia Ruslan Aushev was sent home twenty six mothers with babies. Power part of the operation was discarded. In the staff felt that the process of saving people went peacefully. However, in the early morning Perov was behind the concrete fence that ran along the right wing of the school: preparing charges for clearance of approaches to the wall of the building. As commander and demolition, this dangerous work, he took it upon himself to not jeopardize the other.
"Do not shoot, LOTS OF HERE!"
When September 3 in 15 hours to the school by car drove up the Emergency Situations Ministry, according to the agreement reached with the terrorists take the bodies of those shot and thrown into the street thugs men from hostage (penalty was carried out in the study of the Russian language) — in the gym terrible happened. From the intense heat could not resist tape, to which was attached a basketball basket explosives. He looked up, and then there was an explosion on impact. Deciding that stormed the building, the terrorists have set in motion another powerful charge.
After about a minute before school started to emerge bloodied children and women. The bandits were trying to "get" Receding hostages, shot them in the back. Alexander Perov from behind the concrete wall, just did not see it. Only realized it was the storm and maintain a fierce battle with the terrorists inside the building. His group was to clean up the corner room on the ground floor.
- Vice-President of the Association "Alpha" Vladimir Eliseev and Colonel Valentin Perov at school number 937. February 2013
Vice-President of the Association "Alpha" Vladimir Eliseev and Colonel Valentin Perov at school number 937. February 2013
Tension mounted. Get inside the school and destroy the enemy until you succeed. Militants in this wing put up fierce resistance. Slipped on the side where the window, saw the commandos students — leaning out of the windows open, they waved white cloths and shouting: "Do not shoot, a lot of them here!" Then Alexander Perov, along with his comrades, standing at the window, and began to pull out children with sills ground, parallel driving response over an open fire inside the building fire fighters.
We had to break into the dining room. Without thinking, Perov flew out the window, managed to kill militants in the utility room. Sheltered behind its wall, did not give the bandits conduct aimed fire, providing insight into the dining room of the other fighters.
Began a fierce battle in the room. In the dining room there were at least seventy exhausted children lying on the floor. In this challenging environment, riot police cleared the entire space. Perovskite with two employees continued to be in front, cutting off terrorists. Other "alfovtsy" passed through the windows of children MOE staff.
It seemed that the objectives of the Group is made, and no losses. And here is a new introduction — to continue the sweep of the right wing of the building. From the opposite end of the failed one of the burst groups.
In a short time managed to free from the scourge of four classes on the right side of the corridor. Began to sweep the cinema. Warrant Officer Oleg Loskov threw two grenades into the room. Following the explosions, firing a machine gun, rushed through the door and was struck by machine gun.
Perov, limping because of the fractured leg, ran to Oleg and dragged him to the top of the hallway to the stairs. Rushed to the aid of two members of the "Vympel". While trying to determine whether the fellow was alive, did not notice the dusty hallway, screaming "Allah akbar!" Ran a terrorist commandos and discharged in full automatic rifle clip.
Being seriously wounded, Alexander pulled the trigger, but the shots are not followed — out of ammo. He received two bullets in the groin, please lower body armor. Another commando, dodging the bullets upside down, queue wounded militants. He threw a grenade into the dining room and disappeared into the corridor.
Despite the terrible pain Perov had bounced into the room and the dining room with his body covered by debris group of children who have not yet had time to evacuate the Emergency Situations Ministry.
Since the death of one of a kind Sagittarius …
Alexander Perov was awarded the title of Hero of Russia. It remains to add that he was awarded the medal "For Courage" Suvorov "for distinction in special operations," "For Distinguished Military Service» III degree, the Medal "For Service in the Caucasus."
Each year … Valentin Antonovich fly to Beslan to commemorate her son and his fellow soldiers who were killed hostages. Soon the damaged school building will be a memorial complex — since last year there is construction underway. Near the construction was started on the design of a young Ossetian architect. Archbishop Zosima performed the rite of consecration of the temple being built in memory of the Holy New Martyrs and Confessors Russian.
Author: Anastasia Goncharova