Roraima, one of the most impenetrable mountains Guiana Highlands. In the beginning of XIX century, a rare local resident, not to mention the Aliens been on top of it.
Smooth vertical walls, the wide plateau at the top, and most importantly — the constant dense fog that hides the top of the mountain from the casual observer at its foot … These mountains in Ethiopia called Amba, as in Venezuela — mezas. In common parlance, these mountains are called in top shape — dining rooms.
The first Europeans who discovered and described the largest mesa South America — Roraima in the 40-ies of the XIX century, were a German researcher Robert Schomburg and English botanist Yves Cerne. However, their report was somewhat … fantastic. It featured with multi-colored water of the river, as well as animals and birds that lived on Earth in prehistoric times.
MYSTERIOUS WORLD Roraima
Relatively accurate information about the mesa Roraima has only been obtained after almost a hundred years, thanks to the pilot of Venezuela, Juan Angel. The story of his hit on Roraima much like an adventure novel. One day in 1935, while flying over the basin of the Orinoco River, he strayed off course and, while having strayed over the dense jungle, turned over a small river, not marked on any map of the region.
Having decided that the river will sooner or later lead him out of the jungle, the pilot continued the flight along its course. However, he soon noticed that flying is no longer over the jungle, and between the two mountains. With difficulty gaining altitude, An-hel still managed to land on the plateau, which was the top of Roraima. But here it was waiting for trouble: the plane was able to slow down and stop only in the swamp from which to roll out their own heavy machine pilot was not able to.
Angel came down from the mountain for more than two weeks, and having got home, wrote a story about the amazing flora and fauna of the mysterious peaks. However, this time the public has taken account of the life of a mountain plateau for fantasy pilot. Only in the late 1960s, the son of aviator Rolland was able to equip a full-scale expedition to Roraima.
EXPEDITION IN LOST WORLD
During the study, Rolland found that Indians who believed Roraima cursed place, not far from the truth. We can say that the mountain is cursed by the gods, as it constantly beaten lightning. On the plateau area of almost 34 square kilometers there is not one meter of land, which would have never been struck by lightning. But this wonderful anomaly is just beginning.
On an impressive plateau travelers have discovered the largest waterfalls in the world! And if the waterfall is usually the completion of the river, then there was the other way around: the drop-down flow of water is the source of the river.
The highest point of the plateau — the mountain height of 2810 meters. Apart from her huge cracks, which are overcome without special catwalk impossible.
Amazingly, and prehistoric animals that lived in the "Lost World" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, too, were a reality. First, travelers are not met anything unusual. Their eyes appeared possums, lizards, frogs somehow black, spiders and snakes. Unusually looked butterfly species unknown to science. Only after a few days on the plateau, researchers are faced with the first amazing animal, which could well dwell on the pages of the "Lost World".
It turned out to fifteen-snake head oddly shaped and unusual bulges on the back. After the snake travelers saw giant ants longer than five centimeters, and frogs, like birds, the eggs hatch. Fortunately for researchers, dinosaurs, they never met.
But many have found the remains of prehistoric animals seemed lost recently. On top of all the wonders of the expedition near the waterfall stumbled upon a perfectly round pad, completely devoid of vegetation, sprinkled with a strange silver metallic powder. The above chemical analysis then showed that this powder can not be obtained in terrestrial environments. It would seem that there is not a lot of sensations for a mountain?
It turned out there! In the legends of local residents Roraima always somehow connected with the heavenly guests. In Aboriginal mythology — Pemon Indians, Capone and other residents of the Gran Sabana — Roraima has always played an important role, being present in a number of cosmological myths. This mountain views on Aborigines — the stump left from the mighty tree that bore all the fruits and tubers of the world. His cut down Makunayma — the hero of legend. The barrel fell to the ground and caused a terrible flood.
It is possible that this tradition may describe some guests from the sky, whose actions caused a major natural disaster.
In the 2000s, the mountain was discovered the largest system of caves in the world of quartz — Cueva Ojos de Cristal, which translates to mean "The Cave of the Crystal Eye." At length the cave stretches almost 11 kilometers, descending to a depth of 72 meters below the surface. It is also unique in that it has 18 outputs. In the cave, scientists have discovered cave drawings depicting the unusual animals and humans, only vaguely resembling humans.
Today, despite the dangerous climb and a large number of poisonous snakes on top of it, Roraima constantly visited by tourists and expedition, almost all of which opens up yet another previously unknown secrets of this amazing place.
Peter Paul — The popular German scholar, the author of the theory of a hollow earth, it was not Mount Roraima, and artificially created pyramid. In an interview with Igor Strizhenova he spoke in detail why.
— Peter, why Mount Roraima has attracted your attention?
— First Mountain is interesting for its shape. It is as if carved from a single, monolithic rock formation. If you pay attention to its vertical walls which have smooth surfaces, you can see how the joints of the sides form a flat vertical lines. The height of the top of the vertical wall is up to 400 meters. Angular tapered protrusion forms a fairly clear-cut top and bottom line all the way around. The height of the protrusion reaches 170 meters.
On one side of the vertical height of 230 m, situated below the upper lip, are two identical symmetrical oval recess. Their symmetry favors the handling of artificial surfaces. Mount the base has a lower projection angle symmetrical around the perimeter of a height of about 350 meters. Thus, the total height of the pyramid reaches 1150 meters from its base. Judging by the condition of surfaces and deposits in the upper and lower corners of the protuberances age of this formation is very solid. If we make a partial reconstruction of one of its sides, it is possible to build a model of the original form of the facade of the mountain. And there is no doubt: we are dealing with a monumental building, once was a huge pyramid of unusual shape.
— Do you plan to check once a guess about the origin of man-made mountain?
— Yes, I am sure that under the layer of sediment will be able to discover numerous well-preserved artificially treated surfaces, as well as artifacts that will be able to confirm the man-made origin of this grand building.
— If the mountain does have an artificial origin, the purpose for which it was created and by whom?
— I do not rule out that its creators, of course, belonged to a highly developed civilization. This is indicated by the myths of Indians, for whom Mount Roraima is related to the existence of the gods. In fact, the pyramid could be a number of possible missions. For example, it is an isolated area for landing aircraft, tunnel connections with other similar entities and other parts of the continent. Also, it might be conceived as a special building with a huge interior space.
The language of the Pemon Indians roroi means "blue-green", and ma — «great", "great." Thus, the name "Roraima" is translated from the local dialect means "big blue-green mountain." In mythology, Pemon, Capone and other indigenous people of South America Roraima cosmogonical played an important role. According to the beliefs of Aboriginal, a tree stump left of the mighty tree that bore all the fruits and vegetables in the world. His legendary hero Makunayma cut down, and then the barrel fell to the ground and caused a terrible flood …
— Roraima explored to the end?
— Its cliffs, of course, have been studied by climbers, but not completely. Theoretically, you can climb to the top of the mountain path, it will take about two days. However, the rise traveler risks falling into a cloud of thick fog, so you need to be especially careful.
At the top of the hill is a stone labyrinth, in which several rivers flow down. There are often people disappear. Therefore, the local guides do not go there and try to dissuade tourists from the dangerous walk. Perhaps it is in this place there is a descent into the bowels of the earth, which conceal mysteries of Roraima.
Scientists have long been convinced that there can not exist cave. However, in 2009 in these areas has been found the world's largest system of caves quartz. It was called the Cueva Ojos de Cristal, which translated from Spanish means "cave crystal eyes." The system is located on the Venezuelan part of the mountain, in the Canaima National Park. At length it stretches almost 11 kilometers and down to a depth of 72 meters below the surface. The cave system is unique by the fact that it has 18 outputs.
— Do you think that the mountain — an artificial origin. However, in this case, the local people had preserved the tradition of the true builders of the pyramids.
— Of course! In the legends tells of Roraima — the Great Mother of the Waters, the fairy of the plateau. This mountain is the source of all diamonds mined in the area, but the Indians did not approach her for fear of evil spirits. Characteristically, the plateau of the locals call "the lost world of the gods."
— This is a practical explanation?
— Only after careful research can answer many questions about the bowels of the mountain. You can draw an analogy with the giant formations discovered on Mars. However, I suppose that the mountain-pyramid had a technical purpose. Two symmetrical oval formation may be concave mirrors, radiators, directed parallel to the Earth.
In addition, I have a certain belief that the caves and tunnels of Roraima connected to the global system of tunnels that stretch under the entire South American continent. I hope that answers all the questions will be obtained during the expedition of the National Geographic Society Russia, planned in the summer of 2013.
See also: Reptilians in the Urals, Civilization under Antarctica.