Grim Teutonic military-industrial genius can not smuschyatsya own reputation in the market deadly machine: a functional combat aircraft Eurofighter, the main battle tank Leopard, the submarine project 214 — these products, according to Der Spiegel, Germany brought into third place in the global list of favorites arms exports . The Government did not much: To make up for the loss of industry lowering the municipal order, the authorities could significantly weaken export control. A.2 gives a unique translation published in the German journal.
The first, according to the publication, the French began. When a couple of years back the French Defense Ministry announced a plan to promote the export of military goods, Germany responded to this self-restraint in the export of arms, taking in the 2000 corresponding federal law, formulated the restrictive measures in relation to exports of weapons and military equipment.
Since that time, according to Der Spiegel, the situation is not changed. The magazine quotes a business ezhenedlnika WirtschaftsWoche, which the representative of the German defense industry complains about the French opponents: "We have here some hicks, and they're coming out, all entirely dartanyan!"
End of injustice
As stated in the conclusions of the Commission on export of German war production led to the control of the Federal Labour Agency, Frank-Juergen Weiss, the German defense industry in the not to distant future will depend on the export of military and civilian mission more than it was up to this time. The Commission eventually sent Defence Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg tips to bring the national legislation with the European standards in terms of arms exports.
With a strong focus on exports
Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul of the center-left SPD was alarmed at the joke. In the eleven years she was a federal minister for development and came to the so-called Federal Security Council, which determine which weapons can be exported and one in particular. She shared with Der Spiegel their fears: "Those (politicians) who talks about the need to unite with its EU partners, seek only to ensure that one way or another to get around the prohibitive restrictions on exports DID. " In her opinion, the coalition of CDU / CSU led by acting kantslerin Merkel and the FDP (usually having very good relations with the case) puts his own to only one thing: the export and re-export — export weapons.
The program of the coalition in terms of exports of military mission proclaims "a responsible policy of arms exports", the purpose of which is to harmonize the German position with export rules and regulations of other EU member states at the highest level. " Bureaucratic barriers should be eliminated and various administrative formalities — alleviated mechanisms — accelerated.
Head of the Committee for Defense Policy of the Free Democrats faction in the Bundestag Elke Hoff said that the findings of the commission's findings "so coincide with the position of a party coalition that allegedly debited from our agreement."
Hoff does not realize why her opponents are concerned. "If we were not interested in that, that supply arms to the Allies in Germany, then we could eliminate the military industry immediately. But we need to keep jobs. " In general, the defense industry directly employs about 80 thousand people, another 10 thousand one way or another involved on the part of subcontractors.
German trade unions believe that in the coming few years, the Ministry of Defence will try to save some 9 billion euros on purchases for the Bundeswehr. Not so long ago, in Bavaria there was a demonstration against plans to cut the defense budget, which took part in two thousand employees Cassidian (division of EADS). The representative of the metalworkers' union warned that the decline could lead to the elimination of 10 thousand jobs in Germany.
How to reduce the budget, and did not lay off?
According to Florian Hahn of the Christian Social Union, Merkel's Christian Democratic running mate, "because the domestic market as a result of the military reform will be compressed to increase exports. Other countries have very far ahead ". So, he said, India is not very much is being done to promote the Eurofighter.
At the base of the current legislation in the field of defense production and exports are the principles articulated in the past, Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. They require that, in respect of military purpose "employment issues and concern for the preservation of jobs is not decisive."
Khan believes that it is appropriate now to weaken export controls. Until now, the industry is difficult to adjust to the requirements of the Federal Security Council. "Some do not even know where the Council. I hope the decision-making process will be more transparent and high-spirited, "- says Hahn.
Gun lobby is of ecstatic. Many of the proposals of the Cabinet Merkel reproduce the requirements put forward by the Alliance defense and security companies in Germany for export support. Among them:
— Create interagency devices in order to improve coordination of government action;
— Facilitating access to export markets through means of support mechanisms for intergovernmental agreements;
— Simplifying procedures for issuing export permits in order to accelerate the entry into an international competition.
Even in the restrictive criteria of Germany remains the third arms exporter in the world. In the past Germany has not once, not twice came to the conclusion diverse transactions, like the supply of ARV Fuchs Saudi Arabia in 1991
In the list of favorites arms exports Germany is second only to the United States and France, ahead of Britain and France, which was so envious of the German defense industry. According to the illustrious Institute SIPRI, in the period from 2005 to 2009. Germany fraction of the global market instruments amounted to 11%. The main recipients of German arms are Turkey (14%), Greece (13%) and South Africa (12%). In 2008 the German government approved arms exports worth more than 6 billion euros.
As summarized Der Spiegel, the existing export restrictions since Schroeder's course is no longer an obstacle. Wieczorek-purpose considers it necessary to toughen them up and calls for the establishment of parliamentary control over arms exports. According to her, "Parliament should not just receive information about decisions already taken on arms exports." She insists that this area should be handed over to the committee on international affairs.
In general, for that matter, it can not count on the support of the parliamentary majority.