November 2 in the U.S. mid-term elections are held: the Americans will peraabirats entire composition of the lower house of Congress — the House of Representatives, a third of the Senate and the governors of several states. One of the main intrigue of the election — the impact created last year pravapapulistychnaga "Chayapitstsya Movement", which represents a response to the administration of President Barack Obama.
All polls indicate that the election will change the balance of power in Congress — as predicted, the Democrats lost their majority in the House of Representatives, but may retain a small advantage in the Senate.
Unrealistic expectations on Obama
What has changed in comparison with 2008, when Barack Obama won the presidential election, and the Democratic Party — the Congress, on the wave of hope and enthusiasm? Experts believe the reason — just as unreasonably high hopes.
Says expert for election campaigns, Professor, University of California Bruce Kane:
"The economy has been more challenging than I thought Obama team. They believed they could win unemployment economic stimulus package. But as the experience of other countries, even if the use of these measures, the level of unemployment remains high. As a result, people are left-wing think that the package of stimulus measures was too small, right-wing people — that he improperly used. "
U.S. unemployment remains at a very high level — about 10%, which according to many is the main cause of discontent with the Democratic President Obama. Even a slight recovery of the economy does not yet substantially reduce unemployment — business to manage fewer employees.
Polls reveal the desire of Americans to elect new people with new approaches 57% are willing to vote for candidates with little political experience, and a quarter of those surveyed said it is willing to vote for politicians whose views seem extremist.
"Going Chayapitstsya" — a new phenomenon in the political arena
Many of the candidates belonging to the radical "Movement Chayapitstsya" (Tea party), which originated in the U.S. last year. The name comes from the famous events in American history — the so-called Boston chayapitstsya (1773). Then the activists of "Sons of Liberty" to protest against the arbitrary taxation of the inhabitants of the American colonies, attacked the British ships loaded with tea and dumped tons of tea into the waters of Boston harbor. The response of the imperial government in London, led finally to the American War of Independence.
Ever since the Boston Tea Party has become a symbol of protest against the high and arbitrary taxes. Real Movement "Chayapitstsya" opposes increasing the role of the state against its intervention in the economy, against the wider social programs, including health insurance program advocated by President Obama, and it is clear — against tax increases.
For the participants of the movement "Chayapitstsya" Obama embodies the order against which they act.
What is behind the "Chayapitstsem"?
In the beginning of a new social movement to treat leniently, considering some of his supporters as kooks radicals. But the successes of the movement of candidates in local elections, by-elections to the Congress on the eve of today's primary elections forced to treat serious Tea party.
We are talking about a significant portion of the American population — according to the polls, "the Movement Chayapitstsya" sympathize with 18-20% of Americans, and 4% are involved in the actions of movement and donate money for its activities.
The movement does not have a single center, no clear leader. As in other countries, in such cases, the questions arise: who is behind it and where the money is. The answers are — are called the names of wealthy conservative businessmen, suggestions that the movement led by right-wing circles of the Republican Party.
Explanation about the money a few businessmen looks yet insufficient to explain the appearance of movement, which covers hundreds of thousands, if not millions of people. As the English saying — you can lead a horse to water, you can not make him drink. The reality of American life — not just frustrated aspirations, which were pinned on Obama, not only the problems caused by the crisis, but the indignation of the conservative American president's policies, which she considered a slide toward the hated socialism. It is this, and not someone else's money, became the foundation of the creation of the movement Tea party.
"Tea Party" and the old parties
As for the Republican Party, "Chayapitstsyu", of course, the closer the Republicans. But the pathos of the movement directed against the traditional Washington establishment in general and the Republican as well.
One of the idols Tea party — a former candidate for vice-president in the last election Sarah Palin. Participants in the movement draws its patriotism, commitment to traditional American values and a clear radically conservative stance in matters of domestic policy. And outside, too — it's worth remembering that in 2008, during the Russian-Georgian war, Palin was in favor of sanctions against Russia.
But Palin is the same — the idol of "Chayapitstsya" but not its leader. In the Republican Party ambiguous attitude to the new movement: not all Republicans hold such radical positions, as a movement, "tea party" throws up its decision-making procedures and the nomination of candidates, in general, different from the party. In addition, some experts do not rule out that the right wing movement may contribute to the mobilization of the Democratic electorate, some of it was disappointed in Obama, but against the background of the activity "Chayapitstsya" they may decide that it is better to Obama and the Democrats than these.
The strength of civil society
But in any case, "Movement Chayapitstsya" — perhaps the most interesting phenomenon in American politics of the last year. This is a demonstration of the power of American civil society, of which the famous French sociologist Alexis de Tocqueville wrote in the XIX century, in his classic work, "Democracy in America":
"As soon as a few people in the U.S. are beginning to feel the same feeling, or come to the same ideas that they would like to inform society, they are looking for like-minded people and finding them together. Then they cease to be separate individuals, and become a strong force, whose actions are example, when they say they are listened to.
In democratic countries, the ability to form associations, the fundamental principle of social life "