Russian scientist has just received a patent for his invention, which can cause rain. Similar ideas are highly relevant. After all, does not the oil and gas, and fresh water is a major deficiency of the XXI century, according to many scientists.
Disperse rain science has learned. But his cause? On the issue of fighting in many laboratories around the world. The original version has the head of one of the laboratories of the Physics Institute of RAS, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Viktor Pavlyuchenko. It uses the principle of the cyclone — an area of low pressure.
— What is the point? — Says Viktor Pavlovich. — As known school course pair of hot air rising from the ground to a height where it is cooled, condensed, and finally precipitation. However, this mechanism does not always work, and only when a certain relationship between the relative humidity, temperature and altitude. Can artificially create such conditions, it starts to rain. For example, from a simple formula that, if on the street plus 30 degrees Celsius and humidity of 50 percent, it is necessary to raise the moist air to a height where the temperature plus 15 Celsius, and to begin condensation.
But how to pick up the air? Not in the same cylinders upload? The scientist has hung in tiers garland of balloons large area. Made of blackened material, they will be very hot in the sun and give off heat to the surrounding air. And now he will rush up, where each successive tier receive additional heating. And so on until the air reaches the design height. There he is prepared to ensure that spill onto the ground.
But this condition is necessary but not sufficient. Need more points or "seeds" of condensation — the dust, aerosols, ash, soot. And better if the particles have negative charges. And the scientist knows where to get them. It turns out they are right there at your fingertips. After all, between the Earth and the ionosphere potential difference, which is at an altitude of two kilometers of 200 kilovolts. To get the ions, it is necessary to raise the height of this earth conductor, there is a corona discharge, and the ions are produced themselves.
A beautiful idea, but just a lot of questions. To what height to lift the air? How much it takes to make it rain? How long will all this take?
— It is necessary to raise the air for about 700-1500 meters, — explains the scientist. — It will take about 4-5 minutes. It is crucial that the height does not need to "inject" a lot of air. Suffice it as a pin-head, punch a few "holes" in the so-called inversion layer.
The fact that the air is cooled in the atmosphere with height. But at some altitudes, there is a layer where the temperature stops falling. Moreover, even heated. And behind it falls again. Under these layers occur clouds good weather, such as cumulus. They can not go higher, since the fibers are not allowed. "Our task — to break — said Pavlyuchenko. — Then updrafts from the earth, which are constantly rush upstairs. Thus include a self-sustaining system." According to the scientist, the price of such a facility scanty, say, one tier — about 1-3 thousand dollars.
In addition, such a system can not only cause rain, but cleared of smog air basins located in the cities. Winds there is not seen, so this method would come in very handy. He has just received a patent for his invention.