Six thousand years ago on the shores of the Persian Gulf there was a civilization of the Sumerians, who left behind a lot of clay tablets with cuneiform writing speckled. These plates brought to us the myths, historical records, codes of law, economic documents, personal letters.
Entire libraries of clay tablets were found by archaeologists in the ruins of Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, and in other major ancient city of Mesopotamia — Nippur. But, despite this seemingly huge amount of information in the history of the Sumerian civilization is still a lot of mysteries. And one of them is connected with the texts of clay tablets …
According to the transcribed texts, the ancient Sumerians had detailed information about the universe, the stars and the planets, had a vast knowledge of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, metallurgy, agriculture. Another six thousand years ago, they knew that the Earth revolves around the Sun. It was the Sumerian astronomers divided the sky into twelve signs of the zodiac. They knew all the planets in the solar system and the history of their origin. But, for example. Uranus was "officially" opened in 1781, and Pluto — only in 1930!
As they say, clay tablets, 4 billion years ago, our solar system invaded by a stranger from the depths of space — Nibiru, wandering celestial body the size of Earth. As calculated according to NASA's clay tablets, the celestial body moving at a speed of about 65,000 kilometers per hour. While the Sun (Apsu) accessed Mercury (Mummu), Venus (Lahamu), Mars (Lahmu), the planet Tiamat and his companion moon, Jupiter (Kishar), Saturn (Anwar), Uranus (Anu), Neptune (Ea) Pluto (Gaga). All of them were moving along an orbit near the counterclockwise. When a mysterious Nibiru entered the solar system, he was in the gravitational field of the sun and captured them, went on an unstable orbit, rotating clockwise and being exposed to the gravitational fields of other planets. In turn, under the influence of the gravitational field of Nibiru its close planets in the solar system began to occur disasters. Most affected Tiamat. It began a powerful tectonic processes that result in a planet torn into two parts. One of them, together with the satellite Tiamat — the Moon, was thrown into another orbit and continued its life under the name of Earth. Another part of the lost world fell apart into pieces and formed the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
And Nibiru? Under the forces caused by the disaster with Tiamat, he also moved into a new orbit, at the very periphery, and became the tenth, the outermost planet of the solar system. In the scientific and science-fiction literature it is called Transpluto.
Maybe this story — only one more fiction? But in 1766, a German astronomer, physicist and mathematician Johann Titius formulated, and another German astronomer Johann Water, justified the so-called "Titius-Bode." This rule defines a pattern: at what distance from the Sun to be planets in the solar system. So, this law provides for the existence between Mars and Jupiter "planets N 5", which is really not!
The fact that the rule "Titius-Bode" is true, prove the subsequent discovery of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Indeed, in 1772, when Bode published the results of their calculations, these planets were not known to astronomers. And in 1781 opened Uranus — the rule "works"! It was then for the first time raised the issue of "planet N 5" …
The first public discussion of the problem was on the Astronomical Congress in 1796. "Planet N 5" were hard to search, and the first New Year's Eve XIX century Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered her.
But it was not a planet in the "normal" sense, and the celestial body is extremely small dimensions. Tiny planetoid named Ceres. In 1802, opened its "sister" — Pallas, two years — Juno, three years later — Vesta … It gradually became clear that between Mars and Jupiter, where by all accounts should be "Planet N 5" circling around the sun many tiny planetoids — asteroids. And immediately there was a question — how was formed this "swarm"?
This question is asked a German astronomer Heinrich Olbers who discovered Pallas and Vesta. He first suggested that "the planet N 5" exploded, creating a cloud of asteroids and space dust.
On the clay tablets of ancient Sumer, telling about the disaster that befell the planet Tiamat, did not know then. But in Europe was well known for the ancient Greek myth of Phaeton, the son of the Sun. Once Phaeton without the permission of his father brought a golden chariot pulled by a pair of fire-breathing horses, and raced across the sky, but could not cope with wild horses, failed to send the chariot on his father's path, burned all life on Earth, and he was killed, incinerated by lightning. This event caused a catastrophe on Earth …
In the early 1970s, was calculated the estimated mass of the "N 5 of the planet" and the time of its destruction — 16 million years ago. And that's what has caused the destruction? There still a lot of confusion.
Hypothetical "Planet N 5" since Olbers called Phaeton. But it seems that the ancient Sumerians knew and its other name — Tiamat. And the Sumerians knew that the crash, which happened with Phaeton, Tiamat is not the fault golden chariot, and another celestial body — Nibiru, it is the same — likely Transpluto. So far, all attempts to detect it ended in nothing, although the presence of the solar system some extraneous gravitational field, which has no relationship to the known planets, there is a long time. In the 1980s, the American spacecraft "Pioneer" and "Voyager" as they approach the edge of the solar system suddenly began to deviate more and more from the calculated trajectories. Calculations showed that the deviations are due to the presence of the gravitational field of unknown planetary mass, which should be beyond the orbit of Pluto at a distance of about 50 astronomical units. And in 1997, U.S. astronomers announced that they found a small planet in the periphery of the solar system. Does not yet called the cosmic body, perhaps they should consider the Sumerian Nibiru, the tenth planet of the solar system.
The newly discovered planet is a Cambridge astrophysicist at number 1996TL66 sufficiently massive and spans 490 kilometers. It revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit, approaching him at a minimum distance of 35 and retiring at a maximum distance of 130 astronomical units (one astronomical unit is the distance of the Earth from the Sun, which is 150 million kilometers). This is significantly more than the orbit of Pluto and Neptune. Already found several such bodies in the area called "Cooper's belt," which is located at a great distance from the so-called Oort cloud, where "born" of the comet. Opening a small planet on the edge of the solar system, perhaps promises many new surprises …
Authors: A. Nizovskii, Nepomnyashchii NN
See also: The Incredible archaeological finds, ancient birds penguins.