The situation in the nuclear power plant emergency, "Fukushima-1" on Friday continued to worsen, resulting in the Agency for Nuclear and Industrial Safety of Japan (NISA) raised the level of risk of nuclear accident from the fourth to the fifth of the seven levels on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES). Also considering building a concrete sarcophagus around the station.
The fact that the situation is out of control and the statement of evidence of independent, third-party experts. As stated on Friday, the head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko, the experts do not control the situation in the nuclear power plant emergency, "Fukushima-1", and only hinder the pace of deterioration.
However, according to experts, even under the worst-case scenario, the radiation does not spread to the Russian Far East.
Meanwhile, radioactive particles containing air masses reach the southern part of the U.S. state of California. Fortunately, the dose of radiation is so small that the risk to human health is not.
9 magnitude earthquake occurred in Japan on March 11, it caused a tsunami more than ten meters. The number of victims of disaster continues to rise. Police said the death toll approached seven thousand people were missing more than ten thousand.
Radiation does not stop?
Deterioration of the situation at the plant "Fukushima-1", where after the strongest earthquake in Japanese history and the tsunami there was an emission of radiation into the atmosphere, and continues now taken measures can only slow it down, said on Friday the head of Rosatom Sergey Kiriyenko.
In the last two days there have started to melt not only fuel in reactors, but also in the pools. Kiriyenko said, the problem is that experts initially underestimated the scale of damage and lost time.
Earlier Agency for Nuclear and Industrial Safety Japan (NISA) raised the level of risk of an accident on the "Fukushima-1" from the fourth to the fifth of the seven levels on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES). The fifth level of the accident involves a risk of off-site, when there is severe damage to the reactor core or radiological barriers. The highest, the seventh level of risk previously appropriated only the Chernobyl disaster.
However, the IAEA, previously assigned to the Japanese nuclear accident fourth level of risk is not going to increase it to four.
WHO's representative in China, Michael O'Leary, told Reuters news agency that the radiation poses a threat to human health in a radius of 30 kilometers around the emergency facilities. According to the TV channel NHK, Japanese Ministry of Health began evacuating to other prefectures of people hospitalized in localities within a radius of 20 to 30 kilometers from the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1". Will take more than a thousand people.
"Fukushima" will lay a sarcophagus?
The operator of nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO) said the possibility of building a concrete sarcophagus around the emergency station. Previously, such a construction has been erected on the fourth unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, where in April 1986, the largest in the history of nuclear power accident.
"Move reactors under concrete shell (for TEPCO) is possible in principle. However it is now necessary to continue to try to cool the reactors," — said the representative of TEPCO.
Experts are trying to organize the work of cooling the reactors and spent nuclear fuel (SNF), while pumping water into the damaged third power, which is also the repository of spent nuclear fuel and, according to media reports, the stock of uranium-plutonium fuel.
IAEA chief Yukiya Amano, before going to visit the victim plant "Fukushima-1" told journalists on Friday, he would not go to the emergency station, and does not know how close to the plant will be able to approach the agency specialists.
The wind is blowing in the direction of the U.S.
Previously appeared in the media meteorologists forecast that the wind from the Japanese nuclear accident would be "about 25 March" blow to the U.S., are beginning to come true. As reported by the Associated Press, the radioactive cloud had already reached the southern part of the U.S. state of California. However, the risk to human health is not, because the radiation level on the coast, "a billion times below levels that could pose a threat to human health."
But the first radiation from Japan came to the United States as early as Friday night, when traces of radioactive contamination have been found in the plane and passengers' baggage at the international airport of Chicago. But at the request of Customs airport, none of arriving aircraft are not contaminated by radiation so much as to be a threat to the health of passengers and staff.
The Far East is out of danger
In the Russian Far East, pollution due to the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" is not found, the threat of radioactive contamination, according to experts, there is not now nor in the future. According to MOE, on Friday in the region has indicators as part of 12 to 17 micro-roentgen per hour at the level of natural background radiation in the Far East, 30 micro-roentgen per hour.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said on Friday that the cause for panic about the accident at the nuclear power plant in Japan is not, and ordered the continuation of regular monitoring of the background radiation in the Far East.
As assured the head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko, infection may not even be in the worst possible scenario — the melting of fuel in all six Japanese nuclear reactors and all the pools with the release of radiation into the atmosphere.
However, the population of the neighboring Russian territories with Japan continues to stockpile iodine and iodine-containing products that provide protection from radiation. So, in Vladivostok, more than double the demand for sea kale, and residents of Sakhalin Oblast buy in pharmacies iodine.
The number of victims is growing
The death toll from the disaster in Japan, according to the latest data, reached 6000 911 people were missing 10,000 754 people, Kyodo news agency reported. Thus exceed the number of victims of the earthquake in 1995, considered one of the most destructive in the history of Japan. Then killed at least 6000 434 persons.
Japanese authorities ordered "maximum flexibility" to approach the burial of victims of the elements due to the fact that in many crematoriums lack of fuel, the Kyodo news agency reported. Burial in Japan do not mean the body is buried in the grave — typically the body cremated the Buddhist ceremony. By law, local authorities can afford to bury people in the ground, but a number of local authorities are not prepared to allow this from sanitary reasons.
The number of the saved, at last count, up to 26 thousand people. The search for victims continues many foreign rescue teams.
Rescue workers from Russia, according to the Emergencies Ministry in Japan has examined 100 square kilometers of land and removed 112 dead bodies, but do not lose hope of finding survivors.
The light is not extinguished in Tokyo
Japanese Economy Minister Banri Kayeda thanked residents of Tokyo and urban enterprises for energy savings, which helped save the city from the emergency power outage, said channel "Fuji".
On the eve of the minister appealed to the population, industry and railway companies with a request to Tokyo to save energy, as if consumption exceeds the supply available in Tokyo possible accidents of power in the evening.
In response, the railway company announced a reduction in traffic of 10% to 50%. Population also responded to the call and will try to reduce the consumption of electricity.
Help with fuel and money
Indonesia, in response to an appropriate request Tokyo declared its readiness to provide additional supplies of liquefied natural gas to Japan, Reuters reported. Earlier, Indonesia stated that the plant Bontang ready to send 20 games LPG.
In the energy balance of Japan's nuclear power accounted for just under a third — despite the fact that in terms of energy consumption country ranks fourth in the world. In the past year, she has consumed 93.5 billion cubic meters of liquefied natural gas, which was supplied mainly by Australia, Malaysia and Indonesia, which ranked third in the world in the export of primary energy.
Meanwhile, the world continues to raise money to help Japan. The Cabinet of Ministers has decided to provide financial assistance to Japan in the amount of one million dollars.
In Russia, the authorities of the Kamchatka and Khabarovsk opened for these needs special accounts. Earlier, as did Sberbank of Russia. Continues to come from abroad, and humanitarian assistance. In particular, in the morning in Tokyo was delivered more than 6.5 tons of humanitarian aid from the government of Kyrgyzstan.
Russians are leaving
According to the latest MOE, about six thousand Russians who are in Japan, who wish to return to their homeland. According to Sergei Shoigu, the agency plans on Friday to send five flights to take them to Khabarovsk and Vladivostok.
Friday night in Khabarovsk plane landed safely with the members of the troupe Yuri Nikulin Circus and circus animals. Part of the circus troupe, which was in Tokyo for the tour, earlier flew to Moscow by plane "Aeroflot".
The "Circus Symphony," which involved 50 artists and employees of the circus, as well as bears, dogs and horses had to go to 21 March, but on Wednesday it was decided to terminate prematurely tour.
Earlier Friday, the last group of Russians had been evacuated from the disaster area is in the city of Sendai. Among the evacuees — the crew of the refrigerator, "Celestial", wrecked by the earthquake and tsunami in Japan in the port of Ofunato. Soon the Russians will be sent home.
From Japan "on the same basis, at their own expense, buying tickets," fly families of Russian diplomats. As pointed out at the Russian Embassy in Japan, leaving only those who want to leave, no evacuation at the embassy is not conducted. Russian Foreign Ministry on Friday opened the clock "hotline", which you can call to get information about what is happening in Japan.
In just the last five days of Japan Airlines' regular flights flown over 2.3 thousand Russians.
Continue to leave Japan and citizens of other states. So, on Friday night from Tokyo to Kiev airport "Borispol" aircraft arrived with Ukrainian citizens on board. According to the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry, in this plane there were 137 people.
India takes a break, Turkey has no doubt
Meanwhile, in countries using nuclear power, are actively discussing the potential dangers of existing nuclear power plants and the construction of new stations appropriateness of the previously approved projects. Minister of Environmental Protection of India, Jairam Ramesh, said that after the accident at the Japanese nuclear power his country might abandon plans to build large nuclear power plants in favor of small ones.
However, a complete failure of the Indian nuclear power, according to Ramesh, is excluded. "We do not push the" stop "button or the" opt out ", we just slow down the pace, we click on the" pause "- said Ramesh.
Armenia has decided to get advice from international experts to improve the safety of its sole nuclear power plant, which is located in a zone of high seismic activity. Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan said in this regard that it is necessary to pay attention not only to the plant itself, but also infrastructure, which ensure its smooth operation.
Turkey is once again confirmed that it would not abandon nuclear power plant, and by 2023, marking the 100th anniversary of the proclamation of the Republic, will build three nuclear power plants.
Specialists from the U.S. does not rule the deterioration of the "Fukushima-1"
American experts on nuclear power as an attempt of the Japanese authorities to cool the reactors at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" desperate and expect that the level of danger of the accident will be raised even higher, said on Saturday night agency Kyodo.
On Friday, the Agency for Nuclear and Industrial Safety of Japan (NISA) raised the level of risk of an accident caused by a powerful earthquake on the plant on March 11 from the fourth to the fifth of the seven levels on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES).
Peter Bradford (Peter Bradford), a former member of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States, suggested that the threat level is raised even higher.
"I can not believe that this incident will be classified fifth level," — quoted as saying Bradford, speaking at the National Press Club in Washington.
In turn, the expert of the Institute of Political Studies Robert Alvarez (Robert Alvarez) said Japanese authorities' attempts to fill with helicopters and emergency vehicles damaged reactors with sea water can only worsen the situation, as because of the cooling system pumps and even the reactor containment may be damaged.
"At the moment they (the measures taken) seems not to work. Situation is likely to get worse for a few weeks. This is what is called a desperate actions," — said Alvarez.
After the earthquake of magnitude 9.0 on the Japanese nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" and "Fukushima-2" regime was introduced emergency because of a failure of the cooling systems. On the "Fukushima-1" explosions occurred on the first, third and second power units, and later — the explosion and several fires at unit, which is also used as a storage facility for spent nuclear fuel. In the first reactor revealed damage to about 70% of the fuel assemblies, and the third — the damage containment.
On Thursday, after pouring from the helicopters third unit in this building has been recorded an increase of background radiation from 3.7 thousand microsieverts per hour to 4 thousand microsieverts per hour. According to some media reports, in the third power supply can be uranium-plutonium fuel used for the operation of the reactor.
As a result of incidents at nuclear power plants have been several leaks of radiation, forcing authorities to evacuate people from the 20-kilometer zone around the plant, as well as a ban on flights over the station within a radius of 30 kilometers. In Tokyo, Japan on Tuesday reported the presence in the atmosphere of radioactive iodine and cesium in a safe and healthy population concentrations. On Wednesday it became aware of the discovery in small amounts of iodine and cesium in drinking water in the city of Fukushima.