MOSCOW, March 15 — RIA Novosti. The situation in Japan, the injured after the strongest earthquake and tsunami on March 11 has reached a critical point: the six damaged NPP "Fukushima-1", the radiation is spreading faster with each passing hour. The death toll, according to the latest figures, has reached 2500 people, about two thousand people were injured, more than 17,000 remain missing.
Radiation has already managed to get to the Japanese capital: instruments recorded in Tokyo in the presence of radiation in the atmosphere microdoses.
According to the head of Rosatom Sergey Kiriyenko, the radiation threat to the Russian Far East because of the situation in Japan is not even the worst-case scenario. Despite this, the inhabitants of the Far Eastern regions of buying drugs from pharmacies to promote the conclusion of radiation from the body, as well as instruments for measuring radiation levels.
However, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin ordered Rosatom, Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Energy to analyze the situation in the Russian nuclear industry due to the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant.
To help the Japanese in this critical situation, ready to send additional troops Russian rescuers.
All the blocks are damaged nuclear power plant
Starting from Saturday, the NPP "Fukushima-1" explosions occurred on the first, third and second power units, as well as an explosion and fire in the spent fuel storage fourth unit. Currently, the fire is extinguished. Temperature of the fifth and sixth reactors began to rise, there have been failures in the cooling system.
According to Prime Minister Naoto Kan, because of a hydrogen explosion occurred and a fire on the fourth unit of the plant has leaked radiation into the atmosphere.
However, according to the secretary general of the Japanese government, Yukio Edano, according to Tuesday's 9:00 local time (03:00 MSK), the radiation level at the entrance to the emergency plant was 11,930 microsieverts per hour. At 15:30 local time (09:30 MSK), radiation was 596.4 microsieverts. Despite the fact that the level has fallen by more than 20 times, it still poses a threat to health.
The radiation dose of 1-2 Sv (1-2 million microsieverts) per hour will cause symptoms of radiation sickness. Natural background radiation varies from 0.05 to 0.2 microsieverts per hour.
Significantly increase the level of background radiation in the vicinity of the station and in the prefectures of Fukushima and Ibaraki, forcing authorities to evacuate people from the area of a radius of 20 kilometers. Residents in the area of 20 to 30 kilometers around the reactor is recommended not to leave the house, close the windows, do not include air conditioning.
Within a radius of 30 kilometers around the plant by the Japanese authorities imposed a ban on flights of planes. All of the areas surrounding the nuclear power plant emergency, has now evacuated about 185,000 people.
In addition, the background radiation is 100 kilometers from the nuclear power plant has reached level 5 microsieverts per hour. Level 5 microsieverts — very small, but it all depends on how quickly it will grow.
Radiation reached Tokyo
Devices in Tokyo after the nuclear accident recorded in the presence of radiation in the atmosphere microdoses. In the atmosphere detected radioactive iodine and cesium at doses that do not pose a health hazard.
Increased radioactivity was 0.809 microsieverts per hour. It is in the tens of thousands of times lower than the maximum safe dose of man, which is 100 millisieverts, or in terms of, 100,000 microsieverts per hour.
However, according to Russian experts, the possible dose of radiation in Tokyo even if the radioactive release to the second power plant "Fukushima-1" does not exceed the natural background.
"According to our calculations, the highest possible dose of radiation to Tokyo, even taking into account the possible radioactive release of the second power plant" Fukushima-1 ", and with the wind toward the capital of Japan, will not exceed the level of 0.2-0.3 mSv per hour. There is no threat to health it is not. This level of exposure to natural background ", — said the first deputy director of the Institute of Nuclear Safety Sciences Rafael Harutyunyan.
In a normal, non-emergency situation, the level of radiation is about 1 millisievert per year.
Meanwhile, signs of panic in the streets of the Japanese capital due to increased radiation is observed. Life on the streets of Tokyo runs as usual: children return from school, employees of companies rushing to business meetings, mother walking with baby carriages.
As usual in medical masks go, only those who have a cold — not to infect others, and allergies.
Pharmacies speculative purchases of masks or medication occurs. Means to gargle with iodine content are on the shelves, as always, are in abundance. Information about the growth of sales of dosimeters are not.
In the Far East, all is calm
In all regions of Russia, close to Japan, radiation level remains normal, danger to people in Russia do not. Russian experts also exclude the possibility of seismic activity in the Far East.
As reported on Tuesday, the head of the Russian Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand, the direction of air flow in the Russian Far East remains favorable.
"We can definitely say that in the next three days transfer (air mass) from West to East will continue," — said Vilfand.
According to RIA Novosti on Tuesday, Acting Chief of the Russian Emergencies Ministry in the Magadan region Pavel Ermolaev, the radiation level is not exceeded at Kolyma.
"On Tuesday, in the Magadan region background radiation is 11 micro-roentgen per hour, which corresponds to the natural background. Exceeding the target limit values are not fixed. In Magadan meteorologists record 23 micro-roentgen per hour, which is also in line with the norm," — said the source.
Meteorologists Kolyma also examine the substance deposited from the air and rain.
A few hours ago, the press service of the Far Eastern regional center of Russian Emergencies Ministry said that exceed natural levels of background radiation in the Far East is not fixed. In addition, he said, continuing the constant monitoring of the state of background radiation.
Russia will increase the number of rescuers …
Russia will send to Japan, new rescue teams to search for people in the areas affected by the earthquake and tsunami, and parsing the rubble.
Their willingness to fly to Japan as soon as necessary, said rescuers from the Urals Federal District.
"Only 53 people from the staff of the search and rescue services and departments of the Federal Fire Service of the Russian Emergencies Ministry, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Chelyabinsk, Ural regional search and rescue team ready for the first order to go to Japan for work in the aftermath of the earthquake," — said Tuesday the press service of the Urals Regional Emergency Center of Russia.
All of them experienced rescuers, firefighters, drivers, technical services professionals, not just taking part in the relief operations in the Urals.
Also awaiting departure to Japan rescuers Siberian regional search and rescue team (SRPSO) MOE, who were not able to fly out on Tuesday from Krasnoyarsk, as Russian Emergencies Ministry plane, which took off from Moscow and was supposed to pick squad, there was no availability.
"As it turned out, was increased grouping Emergencies Ministry rescuers, and our on board not included — was not sufficient space. Now all 35 are in full readiness, and as soon as the team goes, for an hour and a half will be all ready to go," — told RIA Novosti press-secretary of the Krasnoyarsk SRPSO Anna Kravchenko.
According to her, Krasnoyarsk rescuers work on the analysis and searching in the rubble. With them they brought the necessary equipment and facilities, as well as devices for chemical and radiological reconnaissance.
The first detachment of Russian rescuers arrived in the Japanese city of Sendai in the northeast of the island of Honshu, which is most affected by the earthquakes and tsunami on Monday. Recently arrived in Sendai second group of Russian rescuers from Khabarovsk — 25 people, only now there are 79 lifeguards. General grouping of forces Russian Emergencies Ministry in Japan in the near future will be about 180 people.
Russian rescuers work sector is defined in the vicinity of the airport, there now being explored areas.
… and deliver coal
Ports of Nakhodka in the Primorye expressed willingness to tranship additional weights for Japan, which appealed to Russia to an increase in energy supplies.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin earlier instructed to increase the supply of hydrocarbons in the form of liquefied natural gas from the "Sakhalin-2" in the case of Japan, if such request.
According to Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin, Russia is ready to supply up to 150,000 tonnes of liquefied natural gas and increase the supply of coal. According to him, this week, representatives of SUEK "Mechel" will consider the possibility of increasing the supply of coal to 3.4 million tons.
"Production Director Deep East port Anatoly Lazarev said that East able to surmount such additional amount of solid fuel. Only 12 March from berth ship departed, driven to Japan nearly 79 thousand tons of high quality coal," — said authorities Nakhodka.
Sendai again shakes
The city of Sendai in Miyagi prefecture, the hardest hit by the earthquake, aftershocks rocked again. Survivors of Sendai had another terrible sleepless night, feeling strong aftershocks, RIA Novosti reported.
Lost everything they complained of hunger and the lack of any simple hygiene. Long queues lined up in shops in the city, residents are trying to stock up for the future, because the unknown when life in Japan will go to normal.
Currently, all the victims have settled in makeshift camps, initiated by the International Red Cross.
One of the women, exhausted and frightened, said she did not eat for days. Unhappy suffering from exhaustion, and the earthquake she was injured.
RIA Novosti correspondent managed to talk to some residents of Sendai, survivors of the devastating disaster.
"I thought that was the end of all of Japan, it was such a strong earthquake. I thought I would die," — shared his impressions of what happened 60 years cabbie Haitso (Haitso).
Haitso managed to save himself and withdraw from the disaster his family, consisting of five persons.
At present, the city is panic. People are afraid of not only new tremors and invasion "killer waves", but radiation contamination caused by accidents at nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1", which is located 120 kilometers from Sendai.
Notari in ruins
In the city on the east coast Notari Japan depressing picture: a thick layer of debris, overturned sailboats, broken trucks and cars stretching before your eyes.
At this time, despite the growing threat of radioactive contamination in nearby Fukushima prefecture, continue search and rescue efforts.
Thousands of soldiers make their way through the rotten horizon destruction fumble under the car, digging in the debris, appliances, children's toys and rubbish — that's really bitter image of the tragic events of this week.
On the outskirts of Notari mother and daughter sitting on a mound of rubble and debris of trees, stretches before them stinking mass of water, in the place that used to be their village. Mother shows military personnel to their knees in water and look for the machines of the body on the car 60 meters away from them.
Broken shards of life scattered over a distance of ten kilometers in area, located along the eastern coast of the country, to which the tsunami struck on Friday.
The explosion on Tuesday at second power plant in Fukushima and the subsequent spread of radiation led to a sharp collapse of stock indices in Japan. At the close of trading on Tuesday, they sank 9.5-10.5.
According to trade index Nikkei 225 fell 10.55% and the TOPIX closed the trading session at 9.47% decline. During the bidding, both the index reached minimum levels since the global financial crisis of 2008-2009.
The collapse of the Japanese market also affected the Russian stock exchange. Tuesday's trading session on the Russian stock market opened lower indices.
The effect of radiation on the human body
The accident at the nuclear power plant could cause a significant increase in background radiation adjacent to the station areas.
Accidents at nuclear power plants Crafted two main periods of danger: a period of intense external exposure and internal exposure period — from radionuclides entering the body through food and inhaled air.
Radiation levels at the plant "Fukushima" is growing
High levels of radiation at the emergency fourth power plant "Fukushima-1" in Japan hinders normal operation and monitoring of the reactor. In the pool for spent nuclear fuel boils water management representative confirmed on safety in nuclear and industrial facilities in Japan.
According to the British Bi-bi-si, the radiation level in the area of nuclear power plant "Fukushima" is 400 times higher than the annual rate. The area within a radius of 30 kilometers from the plant declared a no-fly zone. Of the 20-kilometer zone around the affected plant have been evacuated over 185,000 people.
Operator Tokyo Electric Power is trying to stabilize the situation at the power, reports "Interfax". Cause of emergency at Japan's largest nuclear power plant "Fukushima-1" have a problem with the cooling system of nuclear reactors caused by the earthquake March 11, 2011.
Until now, the world knew two major nuclear accident — at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (Ukraine) in 1986 and at the plant Three Mile Island (Pennsylvania, USA) in 1979. In an accident in America, the active part of the reactor melted down by a quarter. However, a steel protective container in general resist. Release of radiation still occurred, but it was so small it did not pose a health risk — for local residents it was the equivalent of passing fluorography.
"Now the situation in Japan is worse than Three Mile Island, but it's still not Chernobyl, — says Professor Emeritus, University of California at Berkeley, Donald Olander. — Slightly radioactive iodine into the atmosphere before the latest crisis Tuesday. But this material for a long time does not live, and taking potassium iodide can successfully prevent a threat to health. "
Much more serious concern is the release of cesium, which, according to the official authorities, also occurred. Cesium accumulates throughout the body — not only in the thyroid gland — and is able to be in the tissues much longer than radioactive iodine. In the environment, cesium also maintains long activity — during its collapse more than iodine. Cesium accumulates in plants — including agricultural. With all the ensuing consequences. The particles of cesium — a relatively large and heavy. Therefore, place them on a long-distance remote.
The evening of 15 March in Japan, there was another earthquake. Its magnitude was 6.0. The epicenter was located 167 kilometers southeast of the city of Sendai on the coast of the island of Honshu. Tectonic strike observed at a depth of 15.3 kilometers at 18:49 local time (12:49 Moscow time).
What happened in Japan March 11, 2011 8.9 magnitude earthquake considered the strongest ever recorded. All the days that followed the region continues to shake the tremors less power. The official list of the dead is now listed as 3079 people. However, the dire predictions, the number of victims of the natural disaster in Japan could exceed 10,000 people.
The situation at the nuclear power plant "Fukushima" remains dire
Failures in the cooling plant observed now in the fifth and sixth reactors. Morning at the station just two explosions rocked. Immediately after that, there were around a strong excess of background radiation. According to engineers, after the explosion occurred in the wall of the fourth unit of the hole area of about 8 square meters. Through them, the atmosphere gets spent nuclear fuel.
The explosion at the second power plant "Fukushima-1" occurred at 6 am Tokyo time. This is the fourth in the last days. The background in the first minute was exceeded many times. 8000 217 microsieverts per hour, that is, one hour near the reactor person would receive a dose of radiation, which in real life would have been saving up for 8 years. 400 times greater than the annual background dose allowed the third unit. In the 100 — the fourth. Prime Minister Naoto Kan called plain text save people living near the station "Fukushima-1". He called on all those who have not yet had time to leave the 20-kilometer zone around the plant, for emergency evacuation. Within a radius of 30 kilometers in no way be out of their homes, said the prime minister. "We are taking all necessary measures to stabilize the situation, but there is a possibility of a new radiation leak" — Naoto Kan said.
All this happens in 200 kilometers from Tokyo, but residents of the Japanese capital do not feel safe. They are closely watching the weather forecast. It was reported that the radioactive cloud from the area of nuclear power plants can already cover a big city.
Many companies have decided to deactivate it. If you look at business centers, can be clearly seen that the light is clearly not all of the windows, though, by the standards always busy Tokyo, now working time. People who are allowed to boss, trying to stay at home and once again not to go out. After another explosion at a nuclear power plant in the city there is no panic, but there is suspense.
Furuyama Judy worked as a translator in Tokyo, but she decided to leave Japan today terminated the contract: security more even more money. "We simply have no other choice, I was mostly worried about the child, and so I will now make its way to the Embassy of Slovakia", — she said.
Foreigners massively leave Japan. At airports, the influx of passengers. But while the planes take off and land on schedule. "I think the people of Japan do not fly away, because there is a danger of new stimuli, with the Japanese people have learned to cope, but the problem of radiation, from which you can not hide anywhere," — says designer awaiting his flight from Argentina.
Organized groups of our fellow citizens have taken home. This was reported by the Russian Foreign Ministry. Left "alone" Russian airlines willing to provide space for the next flight, regardless of the date on which the ticket.
In Japan, nationwide shortages of gasoline. Many gas station closed. There, where the fuel is still there, behind queues. As well as in supermarkets. People buy food, water and medicines that contain iodine. In most small shops do not drive up the product for several days. At the same time, the city is still working a lot of diners. In the products that you need to cook, there is no shortage.
The situation at the Japanese nuclear power plants remains alarming. There is information that the fourth, fifth and sixth temperature began to rise. Today, March 15, with the "Fukushima-1" started evacuating staff.
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