Global warming over the next 40 years will lead to the fact that in many regions of the world will cease to traditional crops to harvest, allowing feed themselves, according to the report of experts of the International Studies Program of climate change, agriculture and food security, the United Nations (CCAFS). The first residents will face the challenge of Africa, Southeast Asia and Latin America.
Humanity can save bananas
The traditional crops of these regions — different types of cereals, rice, potatoes — or cease to grow at all, or will give a crop that will not be able to feed those who grows. By this will increase in mean annual temperature, and the fact that the climate in the region will become more arid.
Culture, traditional tropical countries, such as bananas, in contrast, will provide abundant harvests of all time, even in those latitudes, where at the moment no one is trying to grow them.
Farmers, agricultural companies, desperate to get a more or less significant yields of traditional crops for their seats, will rapidly move to the cultivation of bananas and other exotic plants.
The probability of such a scenario is so high that the Food and Agriculture UN program today is preparing a series of measures that will make the transition of agricultural producers in some regions for them to unfamiliar types of crops as painless as possible.
By international officials pushing hunger in some African countries, which are already fully felt the effects of global warming. Drought, covering all African regions often destroys standing next harvest, resulting in a massive loss of livestock.
Concern of scientists is not limited to the need to smooth the transition from traditional crops to tropical. A serious threat is already less than half a century, to represent the consequent change in the diet of people. Carbohydrate-rich bananas can not completely replace the population in many countries their usual products.
Here, experts from the UN seriously counting on the development of the world's fisheries. With careful, rational use of ocean resources of the world can provide the ever-growing human population of the Earth all the necessary nutrients, experts believe.