Near his home village of Vasily Shukshin ASU archaeologists found traces of the ancient city of the Scythians — the first archaeologically established fact building fortifications in the Altai. The settlement dates back to the VIII-VII centuries BC.
Many more historical secrets conceals mountain picket on MDM and found the settlement of the Scythians. The appearance on the picket, grief, sung Shukshin, this settlement related to the pressure of the Scythian tribes from the territory of modern Kazakhstan. Nomads penetrated to the Altai, displacement of native populations preceding the Bronze Age. They were forced to settle in the area between Biya and Katun.
Settlement with the three sides were protected katunskim Bank, the fourth — an artificial moat. Results In an ancient village found 57 houses, of which there is only one excavated.
Ph.D. in History:
The appearance of the settlement due to the pressure of the Scythian tribes from the territory of modern Kazakhstan. Nomads penetrated to the Altai, displacement of native populations preceding the Bronze Age. They were forced to settle just in the area between Biya and Katun.
Settlement … looks like a building, looming some streets. At the moment we are studying part of the design, as well as extract varied inventory.
Interestingly, during the excavations on the site of the settlement is almost not found weapons of metal, and found mostly only ceramics. "It would seem that the end of the Bronze Age, the peak of non-ferrous castings, and people use stone objects. Apparently, they were cut off from traditional sources of ore, "- said Mr. Papin.
Scythians — ekzoetnonim Greek origin, is applied to a group of people who lived in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Siberia in antiquity. The ancient Greeks called the country inhabited by the Scythians, the Scythians.
Today, under the Scythians in the narrow sense is usually understood Iranian nomads who have held in the past in Ukraine, Moldova, southern Russia, Kazakhstan and Siberia. This does not exclude other ethnic background of some of the tribes, which ancient writers also called Scythians.
Information about the Scythians occurs mainly from the works of classical writers (especially the "History" of Herodotus) and archaeological sites on the land of the Lower Danube to Siberia and Altai. Scythian-Sarmatian language and derived from it Alanian language included in the north-eastern branch of the Iranian languages and was probably the ancestor of the modern Ossetian language, as indicated by the hundreds of Scythian personal names, names of tribes, rivers, preserved in Greek records.
Later, from the era of the Great Migration, the word "Scythians" was used in the Greek (Byzantine) sources for the name of a completely different origin, the peoples who inhabited the Eurasian steppes and the northern Black Sea: in the sources of III-IV centuries AD "Scythians" is often referred to as and German Goths, in the later Byzantine sources Scythians called the Eastern Slavs — Russia, Turkic Khazars, Pechenegs, and related ancient Iranian-speaking Scythians Alans.
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Altai State University