Meeting Velez-FROST (Velez WINTER) — svyatoden when they meet in Veles its winter guise — in the form of Santa Claus is on 6 stuzhenya / December to 19 December old or the new style.
The great god Veles, the Guardian of the Threshold, twice a year, is changing its face, defining cycles during the great flow of life. Changing faces of Veles is the basis gyre world cycles, providing eternal repetition in the eternal spiral of life extension.
Winter face Vélez — "bear" face that reflects the character of his sleeping irrepressible power, danger is his awakening gives way to summer — "bull" the face that expresses a uniform, for the relentless forces of life.
As an expression of the forces of Reach, the ground is in the power of Veles and the changes occurring in the world below, can not do without the life-giving influence of his power.
Veles — one of the great gods of the ancient world. His main offense was that Velez led Svarog created by Rod and move the world. Day follows night was, inevitably followed by a winter spring, summer and autumn, a breath — breath, after sorrow — joy. It was not a monotonous repetition of the same cycle, and learning the basics of life. People learned to overcome difficulties and appreciate happiness. Kolovraschenie occurs on higher law the right after the movement of the sun across the sky — Posolon. Guiding force is the Great Love to help in testing.
What is the connection between Welles, St. Nicholas and Santa Claus?
Santa Claus, as the character of Russian folk tales and rituals associated with the period when "the sun turns to summer, winter in the cold", that is with the winter solstice, when, according to ancient Vedic mythology, the night ended with the gods and the gods begin the day — Construction new time cycle. As a messenger of "Morning of the gods", Santa Claus dispenses divine judgment, summarizes lived years, pays all his due, hence the punishments and rewards (gifts).
He is the Lord of the winter cold, and in that capacity he, above all Lord of the Waters, which is in the winter cold brought before the people in all its manifestations: snow, ice, frost, steam, fog, and the current under the ice water in rivers, lakes and seas. Santa Claus holds down the ice water, covered with snow fields and forests, snow and frost decorates the trees. As Lord of winter, Father Christmas brings with it not only the cold, snow and ice, but also the night, the darkness, as the daylight hours in the winter in northern latitudes is extremely short and the night is great (not to mention the three-month polar night). As the Lord commanded Night Santa Claus stars and the moon, it is subject to the winter sky, he decorates his outbursts of Northern Lights.
His wealth — silver, diamonds, pearls — everything related to traditional concepts with purity, cold moonlight, tears and magic. It is no accident, as the Academician BA Rybakov, Slavic ornaments on silver, up to XII — XIII centuries of Christian symbolism had not.
Who is the Russian Santa Claus. It is the lord of waters in all their forms (snow, frost, ice, steam, water); Lord of Night and its attributes — the sky, the moon, the aurora, darkness, the Lord of Silver (the symbol of the moon, moon light, magic, sacred knowledge); Lord of the world of their ancestors and grandfather, that is prapredok.
Claus "finds undeniable connection" with Vélez-hair. In this cult of Veles-hair was a character named for the Russian North. In ancient sources (Russian treaty with the Greeks 907) Velez is defined as "the god of all Rus', as opposed to Perun, the god of the former princely warriors only.
In the Russian North in the process of Christianization Saint Nicholas or Nicola (Mykola) replaced the ancient god Volos-Veles. Everyone knows that Nikola (St. Nicholas) is an exceptional place in the Russian religious consciousness.
In the XVII century, a monk Athanasius said that "Nicola … like unto God venerated in the Orthodox Church." S. Moskevich wrote in 1609 that "in the case of … convincing Russian requests pray not for the sake of God or Christ the Savior, but for Nicole"
BA Uspensky said: "Hair and Nicola appear here as equivalent names, and great that referring to each other, talk about the hair, but turning to the Lord — about Nikola." This situation is not surprising, as "Christian saints — including St.. Nicholas — were vice Slavic gods …
Nicola (as Veles Volos) is associated with the world of the ancestors, the light. Nicholas is the patron saint of cattle, but Velez-hair and constantly referred to as "cattle god." These functions Vélez-hair (and Nicola) correspond Indo notion of the afterlife as a pasture where God will rule the souls of the dead.
Velez-hair in the popular imagination is associated with gold, silver, with the idea of abundance, accumulation of profits. It can be represented "the golden man of great height grandfather." Velez hair dressed in gold or red (original) clothes, but Daniel in 1909, points to a link in the folk customs of the red and death, and, between the gold and blood, gold and red in the popular imagination by an equal sign. We note in this regard that St.. Nicholas often called "Mykola Gold" and this is perhaps one of the few Christian saints, iconic image is sometimes performed on a red background. Nicola, as Velez Hair performs a vital function plodotvoryaschego start and so we can say that both Velez and Nicola, connected both with death, and with the birth. In this regard the veneration of St. Nicholas is expressed in special ceremonies cooking and dyeing eggs. So, in Siberia, go into the woods to cook eggs and paint them on Nicola Spring (May 9). Boiled eggs and Nikola Winter (December 5). These eggs are in the ritual associated with the cult of the dead, and fertility.
Eggs cooked in the woods or on the banks of rivers and lakes in the Trinity, Ascension, St. Peter's Day, May 8 — the eve of the Spring Nikola. All these days are correlated with the cult of Veles. Such holiday as "Volosyan" or "hair" is celebrated on Thursday of the first week of Lent. And although it is linked in the Christian calendar with St.. Nicholas, his name indicates a more ancient connections with Vélez-hair — Masters of the Universe severnorusskogo pre-Christian pantheon.
Nicola severnorusskih linked in the popular imagination with the disease and healing.
Unlike other holy healers, Nicole can contact if any disease. But Velez-hair is also associated with the practice of medicine and diseases, some of which are called "hair". Here is how the hair and Nicola converging with the ancient Greek Apollo-destroyer and healer, also correlated with the gold.
In Russian folk tradition, rather severnorusskoy, Velez-hair associated with spinning, weaving, since the thread acts as the popular imagination and ritual actions closest analogue Volos. Enough to give an example of the ritual wedding songs when matchmaker bride hair combs, and the boyars are singing, "In the field of flax, linen wind blows, waving." The very name of Veles-hair is a clear indication that the focus of the life force of man — the hair is a gift and possession of the supreme god of the universe.
In the same relation with the yarn, thread, hair, and the ancient Velez-Volos, is St. Nicholas — Nicola. This is seen in the fact that Nicola is related in the popular mind with the patron and yarn spinners St. Paraskeva, replaced in the Christian pantheon of ancient goddess of fate Mokosh (Makos).
Santa Claus, dressed in a red coat and silver boots with a sparkling ice stick in his hand and a horned cap, punishing and bestow, followed by a horny masked mummers coming toward people with tree hung with glittering stars, similar to the ancient god Rod Master Three-Faced (Rod- Vélez-Troy), which in the process of Christianization in the north of Eastern Europe changed St. Nicholas — Mykola? All the more so in the same direction is a transformation of the cult and the north of Western Europe, which is also the ancient God — the Lord of the universe (perhaps one-to-water) was replaced by an old man Santa Claus — St. Nicholas.
But the presence of such a character in the ceremonies of the New Year is almost all European nations, makes us look for some common primordial mythological image, rooted in the Indo-European antiquity. In this search we must remember the fact that this way could arise only where the cold winter and the long winter night is largely determined by people's lives, causing fear and forced to worship the forces that stopped the movement of rivers, frozen all around and put a man on the brink between life and death. And here it is worth remembering that in the middle of the XIX century A. Spiegel put ancient ancestral Indo-Europeans in northern Europe. In the middle of the XX century, A. Scherer concluded that the ancestral home of Indo-Europeans, that is, the ancestors of most modern nations of Europe, located at latitude 50 ° N — 69 ° N in Eastern Europe. And even after the collapse of Indo-European community at the turn of the III — IV century BC in Eastern Europe has long been a habitat of various Indo-European tribes, Germans, Celts, Italians occupied the north and north-west, the Balto-Slavs — the north-east, and protogreki — the south-east. It should be noted that the sacred texts of ancient India, "Vedas" and the ancient Iranian "Avesta", put ancient ancestral Indo-Iranians or Aryans in the Circumpolar, in the north of Eastern Europe, ie, the land that is now called the Russian North.
It was here, according to the Rig Veda and Avesta hymns were created Indo-European myths, rites and rituals were born, the gods and goddesses of the "older generation."
Rod — Velez (Lord) as the other chthonic deities — similar Roda — Apollo, was the patron saint of singers, poets, musicians (at that distant time was one and the same). It is no accident the great poet Boyan named as the "Lay" Veles's grandson. In his capacity as such Velez Hair obviously grows narrow Chronicles "cattle god", referring to the "god of wealth", embodied not only in the "beef", "beast", but also the wealth of wisdom, knowledge, long tsenivshegosya humanity infinitely high. A Norse god Odin (Woden) was a patron of poets and himself with a nail with a spear to the cosmic tree, which hung for nine days and then drink the sacred mead of poetry and mastered the runes — the center of higher learning.
Velez (Nicola) in the Russian tradition, as well as the Scandinavian Odin (Woden), is related to honey. Bees in Russia called "Nikolina grace", meaning Nicola Supreme God of Heaven, and the so-called "Honey Spas" fully associated with the cult of St. Nicholas (Volos-Veles).
Our ancestors many thousands of years ago, when they were not only our ancestors, but most of the progenitors of the modern nations of Europe, worshiped God the Creator of the universe — the starry sky at the beginning of their holy northern river that carries water to the White (Milk) Sea, "which has convenient bays of the last millennium. Fearsome god of the night sky into a Santa Moreau. (Santa Claus), the goddess of the sacred waters in Snow White. But all also flows into the White Sea, the river, which we, after many thousands of years, continue to call Dvina — double (since 'movement' — two in the language of the ancient Aryan — Sanskrit). And at the beginning of the Northern Dvina River, at the confluence of two rivers forming its Sukhona and South, there is an ancient Russian city of Veliky Ustyug. That he rightfully can and should be called "homeland of Santa Claus", as it was here in ancient times and has developed this way, the hymns sung in the Rigveda and the Avesta, the most ancient monuments of the Indo-European peoples.
Traditional image of Santa Claus (as ancient mythology and symbolism of the colors) suggests:
Thick silver hair and beard the same — a symbol of power, sacred knowledge, magic, happiness, wealth, well-being;
Three-fingered gloves or mittens, white, embroidered with silver, with a "Segner wheel" — the symbol of universal law and grace. These gloves (mittens) are a sign of purity and holiness of all that Santa Claus gives out of his hands. (Three-toed — a symbol of belonging to the highest divine principle since the Neolithic period, ie V — III century BC Indicative in this respect, the petroglyphs of the White Sea and Lake Onega, which shattered on the rocks image tridactylous people just in the scenes with ritual, the sacred character.)
He is dressed in a long white linen shirt, decorated with white or silver geometric designs — a symbol of purity and belonging to the world of the gods and ancestors.
On top of the shirt worn red or golden cloak (red is preferred as a more archaic than gold, a symbol of connection with the world of the ancestors — "that light") or red, embroidered with silver eight-pointed star and trimmed with swan's down coat. In the Indo-European tradition (and severnorusskoy too) goose, swan — symbols of the sky, the higher knowledge, soul, struck the truth, the soul of the deceased and the combination of three elements — earth, water and sky).
On the head of Santa's red cap, embroidered with silver and pearls. Trim ends of swan's down over his forehead stylized horns. To cap the sides can be attached silver crescent. Necklace of the same crescent can decorate the chest (over coat and shirt). Belt white with red ornaments (link symbol of ancestors and descendants).
Santa's red boots, embroidered with silver or silver, embroidered with gold thread.
Crystal Staff of Santa Claus complete with bells crescent or silver bull's head (symbol of the water, the moon and the world of the ancestors — of fertility and happiness alive).
This color scheme is related to the ancient Indo-European symbol of color, where white — silver symbol of the moon, light, holiness, north, water, sacred knowledge, purity. Red — a symbol of vitality, creativity, death and reincarnation, fire, gold, and the "next world."
Crystal — a symbol of frozen water ice.
Note again that Santa Claus comes to the human world after the winter solstice (December 22), when, according to ancient Vedic mythology, gods and ended Night starts the day the gods — the construction of a new time cycle. As a messenger of "Morning of the gods", Santa Claus dispenses divine judgment, summarizes lived years, pays all his due, hence the punishments and rewards (gifts).
Since the image of Santa Claus begins in ancient mythological Ba-rune — god of the night sky and waters, and the source of the image of the Snow Maiden, is always accompanied by Santa Claus, to be found near the Varuna. Apparently, this mythical image of the winter state waters of the sacred river Dvina Aryan (Ardvi ancient Iranians). Thus, the Snow Maiden — the embodiment of all the frozen waters and waters of the Northern Dvina in particular. She is dressed in a white robe. No other color in the traditional symbols are not allowed. Ornament is performed only silver threads. Headgear — eight-pointed crown, embroidered with silver and pearls.
On materials SV Zharnikova.