On the night of 7 to 8 November died artist Mikhail Savitsky, artist complicated story, and conflicting public attitudes in different periods of the history of Belarus. During his lifetime he was awarded numerous Soviet and Belarusian honors and awards: People's Artist of the USSR and the Byelorussian SSR, member of the Russian Academy of Arts and the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, laureate of the State Prize of the USSR, Hero of Belarus. He was the first to be awarded the Order of Skarina.
Mikhail Savitsky was born February 18, 1922 in the village of Zvyanyachy Tolochinsky district, Vitebsk region. After the end of the Artillery School 19-year-old boy got to the front, took part in the defense of Sevastopol. Then he was taken prisoner. Buchenwald concentration camp, Dachau, Dora, Mitelbav … Savitsky was lucky — the liberation of the concentration camps allies came at a time when he, after a 17-day arrest for organizing the escape, exhausted, faded in typhoid barracks …
After the war, Mikhail Savitsky was in Minsk Art School, then at the Moscow Surikov Art Institute. Recalls fellow students by Mikhail Savitsky Art College, People's Artist of Belarus, Professor Victor Gromyko:
"He lived a life very solid. Those obstacles which met on his journey, which usually come from the masters, he overcame always not a wall at all without being bruised. This the man, who led the Belarusian national school, confessing the best traditions of realism art. His works are very perfect not only that art facilities at a very high altitude, but the fact that they are filled with very significant philosophical content. Such works as "The field", "bread", "Vitebsk Gate", "Partisan Madonna" and "Partisan Madonna Minsk" make people relate their capabilities, their own reflections, inviting a dialogue that is just fine with the works of the great sounding " .
Mikhail Savitsky is best known as the author of numerous paintings devoted to the military theme. His painting "Partisan Madonna", "The Legend of the father Minaya," "Children of War", "The Partisan," triptych "Aggression" cycles "The numbers on the heart," "Heroic Belarus" is widely known. Remembers sculptor and painter Ales Shaternik:
"Michael A. I knew — more than half a century. Artist he is, of course, was very talented, professional. His creativity, as well as all the talented people who are very ambiguous. But what he did — for example, "Partisan Madonna" — it remains in the heritage of the Belarusian art. Maybe, there were some differences of opinion on the arts, the social life of the country. But the artists that are different and that everyone has their opinion and their attachments … He was never a communist. Nor was he a man of the party. And today, on this day of mourning, perhaps, is the most basic thing I can say about it. "
In addition to the works of the war, was in the Savitsky and famous series "Black Story", dedicated to the Chernobyl tragedy. Many works Savitsky dedicated growers — are written in the 1960s, the paintings "The Harvest," "The farmer in a red shirt," bread "," bread of the new harvest, "and perhaps the most important work, which is stored in Moscow — the" bread. " And in 1994, he creates a work of the "Miracle on the bread," where, according to art historian Sergei Hareuski, "Christ is like dividing people between your halo, gave each round loaves — a symbol of holiness and immortality land. For the artist — his native land. .. "
However, the political views of the artist at different times, not just caused confusion and even resentment. Perhaps the most controversial piece of Savitsky said the painting "Summer Theatre" from the series "The numbers on the heart," where the man with the Star of David on his chest is a subservient position in front of the SS near the pile of corpses, which rakes in a hole bulldozer. Savitsky and often threw him in a variety of pro-government bias of the social movements. A lot of criticism and calls written in 2002, a portrait of Stalin, exhibited last year at the Palace of Arts in the exhibition dedicated to the 65th anniversary of Belarus' liberation from fascism.
The deputy chairman of the Union of Artists of Belarus Ryhor Sitnitsa says that with the departure of Mikhail Savitsky thing of the past era:
"In Belarus, the fine arts, he actually was the leader of this era. We may have different ways to evaluate it. But it is the task of history. But the fact that this is the era that gave such works which will never happen again in our art history, this fact. These works are very significant, and it is very-a very significant figure in Belarusian art. Sawicki was such a one. It is also in our creative union of artists held an unsociable. That his creative nature. With his departure ends a very big and important step in our art. "
Farewell to Michael Sawicki held on November 10 at the Central House of Officers. Artist buried in Eastern Cemetery of Minsk.