Archaeologists Baltic expedition IA RAS found at ancient burial Ladushkin estiev. Since ancient Roman historians called those who lived in the east of the current Europe.
The expedition did not have to look long. Little deeper into the forest, correspondents "AIF" saw men in camouflage with an ax and a shovel. The dig took about 150 square meters. m Archaeologists fought back with a huge rotten tree. They braided a large earthen vessel — an urn with someone's ashes …
Tribes living there at the end of IV — beginning of the VI century., Buried their relatives in the boxes: the remains of bones, along with the ashes after burning was placed in a large earthen vessel. In the later part of the cemetery — over graves — there were solid stone mounds, and the remains of the pyre poured directly into the ground.
— The excavation IV century rested representatives of Western Balt culture, — the head of the expedition leading member IA RAS Vladimir Kulakov. — And in a later — already Prussians. Right here is the line between the two cultures, a removable one another.
Archaeologists have unearthed more than a dozen funeral urns, and beads, brooches, spindles — from women's graves. Knives — of men. Next to ballot boxes in the graves were small vessels-top boxes. This clay pots, which put a bit of honey or other offerings. While archaeologists have discovered 18 tombs, but by the end of the season they still will be added, as well as puzzles.
— Unusually, for example, that in the boxes — two layers of bone remains, — says Marina Smirnova expedition staff.
— The bottom layer — just human, but the top? Maybe this is a sacrificial animal, maybe a woman buried with her husband. Find out after a special analysis …
— This cemetery is associated with the city, which was located a kilometer away, just west — said Kulakov.
— We worked there in July, found pottery, amber. This part of the area in the V century. was occupied by large deposits of Baltic gem, they are traded.
— In the middle of the V century. people came here vidivarii ("soldiers Vidya") — continues the man. — Their leader, Vidya, in later legends mentioned as Videvut, founder of the Prussian community. They have created in this place "little barbarian kingdom." There was a lot of the map of Europe at the time. In this settlement lived about 50 men, plus women and children. It was perfect strengthened: four rows of walls and ditches. Fort hosts collected tribute from the surrounding villages.
Archaeologists have examined the first burial in the XIX century. At this place began to develop a clay-sand pit and stumbled upon the ancient remains. German archaeologist at the time R. Kleps found here interesting findings related to the burial of the Prussian leaders V century. Fists suggests that the first Prussians appeared right here, under Ladushkin, in the middle of V century. n. e.