Brown bears in the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve awake after hibernation, BelTA learned from deputy director of the reserve for research work Valery Ivkovic.
The challenge now for the animals — to gain weight after a long winter sleep. During the winter the bears have lost a lot of energy and spend a vitamin supply. Help make up for the young green vegetation, as well as last year's cranberries and lingonberries, which bears are in swampy areas.
Particularly difficult in this period is the bear. They must not only find enough food for themselves, but also take care of the cubs. Now Berezinsky Reserve live about 30 brown bears. Change in their number and status of the population is under the constant attention of scientists. Based on the collected facts to make the best measures for the clumsy.
Brown Bear — one of the largest predators. Occurs in mixed and coniferous forests, interspersed with meadows, river valleys and mossy bogs. It feeds on stems, roots of grasses, shoots of trees, berries and nuts. In Belarus, the largest group of this species lives in the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve. The brown bear is listed in the Red Book and is under state protection.
Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve — the oldest of protected objects that make up the natural heritage of Belarus. His natural complex is located in an area of 1.2 square kilometers and includes various types of southern boreal forests, wetlands, floodplain meadows, lakes and rivers. In the reserve are more than two thousand species of plants. Composition of the fauna includes 56 species of mammals, 230 species of birds, 5 species of reptiles, 34 species of fish.