January 3, 2012 5:58
Exterminating enemies with light in the eyes, sometimes the monsters are found not only in the movies and comic books. Rare but unique quality may be granted and the ordinary people.
People — being the day and the night life is it mostly full of dangers. Who was not afraid, seeing in the dark, fixed on him glowing eyes? Let that even our own cat.
In animals that are active at night, the glow of the eye — a common phenomenon, it helps them to see well in the dark. Folklore for centuries gives glowing eyes of different nocturnal monsters, werewolves, etc. By collecting information about the glow in the eyes of hominoids (humanoids), I have encountered cases of eye glow and humans. The phenomenon is disputed by representatives of academic science as impossible on the basis of the data they drive on the structure of the eye. In particular, they point to the absence in the eyes of a reflective layer, which is present in many nocturnal animals. But among the narrators of the mysterious glow across and well respected person with a scientific education, that is, the facts correct. Here is the most meaningful observation.
Shot in the mountains
Professor Theodore Hubbell told the story of an involuntary participant which he found himself.
"In the evening, July 4, 1937, during the expedition of the Zoological Museum of the University of Michigan in western Oklahoma, I was looking for a new flashlight exhibits insects for his collection at the top of a small canyon on the slope of Mount Black Mesa. Our group consisted of VF Blair of mammalian genetics lab and his two brothers.
Around 22.30 I heard a buzzing insect unknown to me and began to stalk him. It fell silent. As usual in such cases, I turned off the flashlight and sat on a rock and waited for the insect again will have an effect.
Still sitting in the dark, I saw Blair's climbing the canyon with a head lamp. And I saw, of course, the only light that spun back and forth as if in itself: walking the path of Blair checked their traps for small animals.
Quietly watching him, I noticed that the lights are often turned in my direction. I did not attach any importance to this. I was sure that I was completely invisible.
When Blair was from me in about 40-60 feet away, he sent me the full light. I thought that now he just sees me. I was about to say something to him, when in my face shot rang out. At that moment I just felt in his pocket for a cigarette — it saved my sight, and can be, and life! After all, Blair was aiming straight into my eyes, and the shooter was excellent. I got 15 pellets in the face, neck, ear and raised his hand with a cigarette. I suspect that, raising his hand, I was a little turned down his head, and the main charge was held over my shoulder. I was dragged to the camp, was sent to the city.
After a few months I was completely healthy. Blair explained that, while still far below, he saw her eyes, glowing dark red. He stalked me, suggesting that he might be caught, mountain lion. My eyes were visible at a distance of a quarter mile, and near shone so brightly that Blair even in the light of head lamps not see the contours of my body.
Since then, has happened to me a lot of that country, with the stories, I realized that my eyes were sometimes hard, sometimes duller, sometimes quite soon. During their regular night hikes for insects, I noticed for an extraordinary ability to see in the dark bugs. I can not say whether this is a consequence of the phenomenal adaptation to dim light, presence in my eyes, a bit of a reflective layer called the tapetum or someone has had an extensive experience in acute vision. "
Blue rays Amal and Kamala
Pastor Singh, dean of an orphanage in the Indian district of Midnapore, published a diary of his many years of observation of life and development of the two girls, Amelia and Kamala, found in 1920 in the wolf den. Younger was then about two years older — seven or eight.
"During the day, their eyes looked normal, but seemed a little puffy, as after a dream. But after midnight, they were widely opened and glowed in the dark blue light special, as is the case with cats and dogs. And you've only seen the glow, losing the contours of the surroundings.
The first time I was shocked by the sight of December 20, 1920: the night girls began to crawl on all fours, and their eyes lit up with blue light. Happened to them only at night, in the dark. But it was enough to make the room any source of light, like the glow disappeared. In general, they have seen better at night than during the day.
During a long illness, but even after the adaptation they prefer a darkened room. They are completely intolerant of light in the ward. In any light started to feel bad that now it was evident in their faces and eyes. Tried to turn away from the light, blinking eyelids. So the doors of their rooms are always additional halts. Still, the appearance of even the slightest light they always scored in the darkest corner. When we approached them, and they turned to face our side, we have seen that the contours of their bodies to have disappeared and remained visible only two pairs of blue lights. However, we are not particularly worried about this unusual ability sisters — they inherited it from the wolves. I have often seen something like that, encountering wild animals in the jungle. And at home, too — it is well known that cats and dogs are very well see in the dark.
January 3, 1921 found that in the darkest night, in the absence of visibility when the possible activity of man becomes zero, Amala and Kamala move easily on rough terrain and can detect the presence of an adult, child, animal, bird. "
Singh summarized his observations as follows:
"I can not afford to explain the phenomenon of light, although I often notice it in the eyes of the girls. I consulted a doctor Sarbat-Hikari, however, and he could not find a proper explanation of the phenomenon. I have not found it possible to take girls to Calcutta for ophthalmic research, because I hated the idea of sensational stories of detection. Because then we could not keep the crowd of curious and order in the shelter would be very hurt. In addition, it did not seem that any explanation at all would be in demand. "
You can make only one conclusion: the man (or, at least, some of the people) has a genetic predisposition to the development in the eyes of some structures that can radiate from the eyes glow. It can not arise and develop something for which there is no corresponding genes. Of course, the opinion of Singh that the girls had an unusual ability to see in the dark from the wolves, to be understood purely metaphorical. Their birth is not wolves. This quality was evolved under the influence of their wolf-educators in a dark hole, a cave and nocturnal.
Children demonstrated a remarkable ability to adapt to unusual harsh living conditions in which they found themselves. But the hair, like wolves or hominoid, on their body during the life of wolves formed. This shows the lack of children for genetic features.
Yellow eyes Chikatilo
Here is another example of the strong luminescence of the human eye. Militia Major General V. Ovchinsky in an interview on television in March 2011, said that he had to see a record of the last hours of the life of a condemned serial killer Chikatilo.
According Ovchinsky, filming, fixed that for half an hour before the execution Chikatilo looked into the camera and "when his eyes began to glow with a strange light. The film was shown at the Center for Public Relations of the Ministry of Interior — continues Ovchinsky — and two women, who were there with me when she saw it, lost consciousness. I'll definitely see yellow and bright green light that came out of his eyes. "
This example shows that the victim, gazing into the eyes of the killer, affects not a physical ray or unknown aura emanating from his eyes, but some information component. No wonder the physical part of the radiation will inevitably disappear in the course of operations of digital recording and storing images. Victim information is subject to impact. By analogy, the one who hears the record powerful bass growl, realizes that it was a large dangerous animal, and the body can react listening to him as a real danger. But the visual impact is clearly more effective than sound.
The lights from the dark depths
Everyday life shows that the number of people who have the ability to glow eyes, small. Naturally more of those whose eyes under certain conditions may reflect falling on them a strong beam of light.
Night glow is seen in the eyes of people of any race. Most often these abilities are manifested in those who have to lead their lives with reduced lighting. EA Glennie of the British Speleological Association of India said the radiation of the eye from the Indians, who lived in caves. Glennie also notes this as a feature of professional cave explorers:
"Cavers have a special opportunity to observe human eyes glow in the dark. I myself saw it three times in different people. One day I was told that my eyes were as focused beam flashlight. The radiation was yellow-orange color and looked very weird, causing cries of terror. "
VA Travell confirms that people with these skills are relatively rare. He writes:
"I spent in Liberia for about five years, from 1928 to 1933, making numerous trips to remote places of the country, so fertile for interesting observations. At night, in the native villages the only light was a lamp beside or behind you, and before you stood a hundred or more people who looked at you. Glowing eyes could be seen immediately. I first saw them when gazed into the dark depths of the native huts, which did scant light through the door behind me. I remember the man's eyes were gray. After that I saw the glowing eyes is three or four times in different parts of the country, but never had the opportunity to come and examine the phenomenon more closely, as all this usually occurs at night crowd of natives. "
The generally accepted explanation for the above phenomena is that the eyes of some of the animals kept in the retina of a special reflective layer called the tapetum (tapetum lucidum) and is found in many vertebrates.
A recent review of studies on the comparative morphology of the tapetum in various mammals was published Olliverom. Layer is composed of nerve cells and other tissues, remarkably adapted to the perception of low light. Reflecting the composition, structure and location of sensitive areas in the eyes of animals are very different. Especially these structures developed in predators, and their degree of development depends on the lifestyle of the animal relative to the time of day.
Researchers have identified three structural types of tapetum lucidum: tapetum missing tapetum included in the retina (retinal) and tapetum represented as membrane structure.
The first type include primates, squirrels, red kangaroos, pigs and poultry, usually leading daily lives. (In this classification, a person is present in primates.)
Adaptation to light and dusk is in the eyes of different animals in different ways. Thus, one of the mechanisms is that next to the reflecting cells are cells that contain melanin, which absorbs light (the substance is well known — it causes tanning). In bright light, such cells are put forward above reflect and block excessive light output. At dusk, they move closer to the sclera of the eye, putting the light reflective layer. For such movements take some time — that's why your eyes need to get used to the darkness.
Some researchers believe that red or orange glow of the eye of the first group (red-eye effect in photography) is the result of reflection from the grid of intraocular blood vessels. However, the photograph the human retina can be seen that the blood vessels in it look darker than the surrounding retina. That is the reflection coefficient of the surface of the blood vessel is clearly insufficient for red eye.
In the eyes of a man, apparently, there is an unexplored mechanism, including in low-light. It is used in practice, when to avoid the red-eye before the picture is an experienced photographer gives a pre-flash. It signals the eye: "Around a very light" — and an eye on the time deactivates the reflective layer, its capacity for night vision. In the second outbreak turns the frame without red eyes.
We can only accept that the human eye is still not understood and has some unknown possibilities.
"Miracles and Adventures» № September 2011