Day of military glory of — day Russian troops began a counter-offensive in the Battle of Moscow

Day of military glory of Russia - Day start counter-offensive in the Battle of Moscow

By early December, plays out the final assault on Moscow, the German command exhausted all its reserves and has to run across the defense. The commander of the German 2nd Panzer Army H. Guderian was obliged to admit that the coming of the Army Group "Center" in Moscow failed. Russian command of the right led to this point and caused breast. 5-6 December 1941 Russian troops began a counteroffensive in the Battle of Moscow. In the coming participated troops Kalinin Front, under the supervision of Colonel-General Konev Western Front under the command of Army General Georgy Zhukov and the right wing of the Southwestern Front — Marshal Timoshenko.

Fights from the very beginning was a fierce temper. December 8th German armed forces commander Adolf Hitler was obliged to sign the directive number 39 on the transition to the defense all over the Soviet-German front. Reddish Army, despite the lack of advantages in manpower, tanks and guns, difficult environmental conditions, already in the first days of the counter-offensive broke through the defenses of German troops south of Kalinin and north-west of Moscow, cutting metal and highway Kalinin — Moscow and releasing a number of communities Fri It should be noted that Russian troops have gained the victory, giving the enemy a number of fighter and equipment. Personnel of: Reddish Army — 1.1 million people, the Wehrmacht — 1.7 million (ratio 1:1.5) tanks: 744 vs. 1170 (ratio of 1:1.5 in favor of the Germans), guns and mortars: 7652 vs 13500 (1:1.8).

Go with the troops who were advancing north-west of the Russian capital, ran over to the offensive side of the left wing and the right wing of the Western South-Western Fronts. Massive strikes by Russian troops flank groups of German Army Group "Center", which was intended to cover and surround Moscow forced the enemy command to take action to save their own forces from a complete rout.

December 9, 1941 Reddish Army took Rogachevo Venev and Elec. December 11 Russian troops liberated Stalinogorsk, December 12 — Solnechnogorsk, December 13 — Efremov, December 15 — Cline, December 16 — Kalinin, December 20 — Volokolamsk. December 25, Red on a broad front reached the Oka. On December 28, the opponent was knocked out of the Kozel'sk, December 30, from Kaluga, first released in January 1942 and Meshchovsk Mosalsk.

By the beginning of January 1942 the right wing of the Western Front, made their way to the limit of the rivers Lama and Ruza. By this time, Kalinin front went to the limit Pavlikova, Bayou. The troops of the central group of the Western Front December 26 took Naro-Fominsk, January 2 released Maloyaroslavetz, and January 4 — Borovsk. Successfully developed the coming of Russian troops and the left wing of the Western Front, also in the band Bryansk Front under the command of General J. T. Cherevichenko. Overall, by 7 January 1942 counteroffensive near Moscow was completed.

Day of military glory of Russia - Day start counter-offensive in the Battle of Moscow

As a result, Russian counter-offensive near Moscow came an important event — the first time during the second world war until now invincible Wehrmacht was stopped, and then was defeated by the Red Army. German forces were pushed back from the Russian capital at 100-250 km, the threat has been removed seizing the important economic and transportation center of the USSR, and the Metropolitan Industrial Area. The success was natural, and its value went far beyond the purely military tasks.

Specifically, the Germans near Moscow for the first time during the second world war began to lose the strategic initiative and received a strong blow, "invincible" German soldiers broke and ran. The Strategic Plan of Berlin — "lightning war", was quite fail. 3rd Reich ran the danger of long, drawn-out war of attrition, to which the German command was not ready. Military-political management of the Reich had to urgently produce a new plan for the war to rebuild the economy on a long-term war, seeks more real resources. It was a serious miscalculation of Berlin. USSR was much stronger than thought Nazis. Germany was not ready for a long war. For her it was necessary to conduct a constructive way to rebuild the economy of Germany, its foreign and domestic policies, not to mention the military strategy.

The German army during the Battle of Moscow suffered great personal loss in men and material. Since the beginning of October 1941 to the end of March 1942 has lost about 650 thousand people killed, wounded and missing yelled. For comparison — in the entire military campaign in the West in 1940, the Wehrmacht had lost about 27 thousand people. During the period from October 1941 to March 1942, German troops lost 2,340 tanks near Moscow, while the German industry was able to produce only 1,890 tanks. The huge loss, which could absolutely make the industry, has suffered and aviation.

During the Battle of Moscow strength and morale of the German army were bruised. From now on, the power of the German machine was waning, and the strength of the Red Army is constantly growing. Of particular importance to the strategic success makes the fact that the victory was achieved with an advantage of the Germans in manpower, tanks and guns (in the Red Army had the advantage only in aviation). Russian command was able to make up for the lack of a fighter and weapons through the successful transition to the choice of the moment coming. German advent petered out, the parts were drained of blood, exhausted prolonged battles, the reserves used up. The German command had not yet had time to go to the strategic defense and build defensive orders, prepare well fortified positions. In addition, Moscow managed to achieve surprise coming. German command was confident that the reddish Army also anemic and can not hit out. The Germans were not ready to parry a surprise attack. As a result of surprise attack was one of the main causes of success counteroffensive. In addition, the Russian commanders in the criteria of a heavy battle for Moscow was able to prepare reserves. Thus, for the development of the counter-offensive was drawn two armies, 26 infantry and 8 cavalry divisions, 10 brigades, 12 separate ski battalions and about 180 thousand people marching replenishment.

Another factor that led to the victory of the Red Army near Moscow, became the highest morale of Russian soldiers. Courage, fortitude, perseverance Russian fighter and commander, the ability to go out a winner in the most demanding criteria have allowed up to win over high-fighting machine Wehrmacht.

The victory at Moscow and had tremendous political, international significance. All the nations of the world have learned that Reddish Army German troops were able to peel. Be sure that the success of Moscow has had a huge impact on the upcoming move as majestically Russian war, and the entire second world war as a whole. This victory was a guarantee for the planned scaling up of all the anti-Hitler coalition. The prestige of Nazi Germany and its European allies are very fallen. The defea
t of the Wehrmacht outside Moscow had a sobering effect on the Japanese and Turkish ruling circles of Berlin, which sought to open action against the USSR. Japan and Turkey are expected to fall Moscow to speak on the side of Germany, but they now have to wait again.

Day of military glory of Russia - Day start counter-offensive in the Battle of Moscow

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